List of tunnels of the Faroe Islands

Tunnels and bridges are an important part of the Faroese transportation network.[1]

Árnafjarðartunnilin's entrance in Árnafjørður.
Red: Islands or the so-called Mainland connected by road (bridge, dam or tunnel), including the isle of Sandoy which will see its tunnel open in 2023. Yellow: Island that would be connected with the Suðuroyartunnilin. Green: Islands accessible only by water or air.

TunnelsEdit

 
Locations of the tunnels

This list shows the Faroese tunnels, listed by age:[1][2]

Tunnel Year Length
m | ft
Connects Island Comments
Gamli Hvalbiartunnilin 1963 1,450 4,760 Hvalba and Trongisvágur Suðuroy Single line with passing places, unlit. Replaced footpaths and post boat services. Replaced by the New Hvalbiartunnilin in 2021.
Árnafjarðartunnilin 1965 1,680 5,510 Ánir, Klaksvík and Árnafjørður Borðoy One of the pair of Tunlarnir norður um Fjall (or alternatively known as Borðoyartunlarnir). Single line with passing places, unlit. Replaced footpaths and post boat services. To be replaced by a modern tunnel in 2024.
Hvannasundstunnilin 1967 2,120 6,960 Árnafjørður and Hvannasund/Norðdepil Borðoy One of the pair of Tunlarnir norður um Fjall (or alternatively known as Borðoyartunlarnir). Single line with passing places, unlit. Replaced footpaths and post boat services. To be replaced by a modern tunnel in 2025.
Sandvíkartunnilin 1969 1,500 4,900 Sandvík and Hvalba Suðuroy Single line with passing places, unlit. Replaced footpaths and post boat services.
Norðskálatunnilin 1976 2,520 8,270 Norðskáli and the valley of Millum Fjarða Eysturoy First two-lane tunnel. First road connection between Southern Eysturoy and Northern Eysturoy. Replaced the Hósvík-Selatrað ferry crossing.
Leynartunnilin 1977 760 2,490 Leynar and the valley of Kollafjarðardalur Streymoy Replaced an avalanche prone road.
Villingardalstunnilin 1979 1,193 3,914 The villages of Mikladalur and Húsar Kalsoy Southernmost of the five Kalsoy tunnels.
Ritudalstunnilin 1980 683 2,241 The villages of Mikladalur and Húsar Kalsoy One of the five Kalsoy tunnels. Single line with passing places, unlit.
Mikladalstunnilin 1980 1,082 3,550 The villages of Mikladalur and Húsar Kalsoy One of the five Kalsoy tunnels. Single line with passing places, unlit.
Trøllanestunnilin 1985 2,248 7,375 The villages of Trøllanes and Mikladalur Kalsoy Northernmost of the five Kalsoy tunnels. Single line with passing places, unlit. Replaced a footpath, post boat service and helicopter service (1983-1985).
Teymur í Djúpadal 1979–85 220 720 The Trøllanestunnilin and the uninhabited valley of Djúpidalur Kalsoy One of the five Kalsoy tunnels. Effectively a branch of the Trøllanestunnilin to enable road access to pastures. Single line, unlit.
Leirvíkartunnilin 1985 2,238 7,343 Leirvík and Gøta Eysturoy Replaced a cliffside road that now is a touristic route.
Kunoyartunnilin 1988 3,031 9,944 Kunoy and Haraldssund Kunoy Single line with passing places, unlit. Replaced a ferry crossing.
Kollafjarðartunnilin 1992 2,816 9,239 Kollafjørður and Kaldbaksbotnur Streymoy Offers an alternative to the Oyrarvegurin mountain road, which is prone to icing and wind gusts in winter.
Sumbiartunnilin 1997 3,240 10,630 Sumba and Lopra Suðuroy Replaces a mountain pass that now is a touristic route.
Vágatunnilin 2002 4,940 16,210 Leynar and Fútaklett Streymoy and Vágar The first sub-sea tunnel. Replaced the Vestmanna-Vágar ferry.
Gásadalstunnilin 2006 1,445 4,741 Gásadalur and Bøur Vágar Single line with passing places. Replaced the footpath and helicopter service.
Norðoyatunnilin 2006 6,186 20,295 Klaksvík and Leirvík Eysturoy and Borðoy Replaced the Leirvík-Klaksvík and Leirvík-Kalsoy-Klaksvík ferry.
Hovstunnilin 2007 2,435 7,989 Øravík and Hov Suðuroy Replaced the cliffside road that now is a touristic route.
Viðareiðistunnilin 2016 1,939 6,362 Viðareiði with Hvannasund Viðoy Replaced the coastal road, which is prone to landslides and avalanches, but remains open as a touristic route.
Eysturoyartunnilin 2020 11,200 36,700 Runavík and Strendur with Tórshavn Streymoy and Eysturoy Under Sundini and Skálafjørður. The tunnel has shortened the travel distance from Tórshavn to Runavík/Strendur from 55 kilometres to 17 kilometres. The 64-minute drive has been shortened to 17 minutes. The tunnel has the world's first under-sea roundabout at mid-bay.[3]
Nýggi Hvalbiartunnilin 2021 2,500 8,200 Hvalba and Trongisvágur Suðuroy Dual lane, lit. Replaces the Old Hvalbiartunnilin from 1963.

Bridges and causewaysEdit

This list shows the longest Faroese bridges and causeways, listed by age:

Bridge Year Length
m | ft
Connects Island Comments
Brúgvin um Streymin 1973 220 720 Oyrarbakki/Norðskáli and Nesvík Streymoy and Eysturoy Concrete bridge. Replaced the ferry crossing from Nesvík to Oyrarbakki.
Byrging um Hvannasund 1975 220 720 Hvannasund and Norðdepil Borðoy and Viðoy Causeway. Replaced post and milk boat services.
Byrging um Haraldssund 1986 350 1,150 Haraldssund and Strond Borðoy and Kunoy Causeway. Replaced post and milk boat services.
 
Causeway between Kunoy (left) and Borðoy (right).
Brúgvin um Sandá 2016 140 460 Argir and Tórshavn Streymoy The second longest bridge in the country.[4]

Tunnels under constructionEdit

Tunnel Year Approx. length
m | ft
Connects Island Comments
Sandoyartunnilin Started in 2019, planned to open in 2023[5] 10,800 35,400 Traðardalur and Gamlarætt Streymoy and Sandoy The tunnel starts just above the port of Gamlarætt and ends Traðardalur between Skopun and Sandur.
Dalstunnilin Started in 2020, planned to open in 2023–2024 2,200 7,200 Dalur with Húsavík Sandoy To replace the narrow cliffside road. Drilling commenced 5 November 2020 and is to last 3–4 years.[6]
Nýggi Árnafjarðartunnilin 2024 1,961 6,434 Klaksvík, Ánir and Árnafjørður Borðoy One of the two Nýggir (new) Tunlarnir norður um Fjall (or alternatively Nýggir) Borðoyartunlarnir). Construction commenced in February 2021, the drilling itself started in November 2021.[7][8] What will happen with the old tunnel remains unknown.
Nýggi Hvannasundstunnilin 2025 2,265 7,431 Árnafjørður and Norðdepil Borðoy One of the two new Tunlarnir norður um Fjall (also named Borðoyartunlarnir). Construction started in November 2021[9][10][8] What will happen with the old tunnels remains unknown.

Tunnels in preparationEdit

Tunnel Year Approx. length
m | ft
Connects Island Comments
Tunnil úr Villingadali 2025 1,300 4,265 Two neighbourhoods in Tórshavn Streymoy To be part of the Innkomuvegurin that is currently being developed between Tórshavn (near Hotel Føroyar), Hoyvík and Hvítanes. This entire bypass road is to be operational in 2025[11][12]
Fámjinstunnilin unknown 1,200 0 Øravík with Fámjin Suðuroy This road is among the windiest spots in the Faroe Islands and prone to icing in winter. The tender for construction opened in July 2020.[13]

Proposed tunnelsEdit

Tunnel Year Approx. length
m | ft
Connects Island Comments
Suðuroyartunnilin Said to open in 2030. 25,000 82,000 Sandvík, Skúvoy and Sandur Sandoy, Skúvoy and Suðuroy The tunnel consists of two new tunnels and an upgrade of the Sandvíkartunnilin, which needs to be widened or replaced to allow interregional traffic.[14][15]
Gøtudalstunnilin unknown 0 0 Skálafjørður and Norðragøta Eysturoy To offer an alternative to the Gøtueiði mountain pass near Søldarfjørður, which is prone to icing and windgusts.[16] Construction start planned 2026.[17]
Vestmannatunnilin unknown 0 0 Kvívík and Vestmanna Streymoy to replace the cliffside road, prone to icing and windgusts. Construction planned 2027.[17]
Tunnilin á Vagum unknown 0 0 Vágatunnilin and Vatnsoyrar Vágar A bypass for through-traffic between Sørvágur, the airport and Streymoy, bypassing Mið- and Sandavágur. Construction planned 2027 or later.[17]
Gjáartunnilin unknown 0 0 Gjógv with Funningur Eysturoy To replace the narrow mountain pass, prone to icing in winter.[18]
Tjørnuvíkstunnilin unknown 0 0 Tjørnuvík with Haldórsvík Streymoy To replace the narrow cliffside road.
Parkeringstunnil í Tórshavn unknown 0 0 Tórshavn Streymoy A parking tunnel below the city centre, possibly 1,000 meters in length, as to relief on-street parking pressures.[19][20]

OperatorEdit

Public works authority Landsverk operates the national road network including all land-based tunnels. The four sub-sea tunnels have each their own state-owned company brought together under the daily management of Tunnil.fo, which administers the tolls. These are paid by drivers at select petrol stations, via number plate recognition. Reduced fares are available for vehicles with a subscription (in Faroese: hald). Tórshavn Municipality owns the Sandá Bridge.[21]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Tunlar" (in Faroese). Tórshavn: Landsverk. Archived from the original on 2 October 2015. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  2. ^ "Søgulig gongd" (in Faroese). Tórshavn: Landsverk. Archived from the original on 29 December 2008. Retrieved 22 April 2011.
  3. ^ "The Eysturoy tunnel". estunlar.fo. Retrieved 19 November 2016.
  4. ^ "Brúgvin um Sandá – J&K Contractors".
  5. ^ "Framgongd við boring". tunnil.fo. 8 July 2020. Retrieved 8 July 2020.
  6. ^ "Lata fyrsta skotið av". dagur.fo (in Faroese). Retrieved 2020-11-05.
  7. ^ "Loysa fyrsta flagið fyri tunlum". Kringvarp Føroya (in Faroese). Retrieved 2021-02-12.
  8. ^ a b "Gongdin fyri tunlarnar norður um Fjall". www.landsverk.fo (in Faroese). Retrieved 2021-12-22.
  9. ^ "Boringin byrjar í næstu viku". Kringvarp Føroya (in Faroese). Retrieved 2021-09-24.
  10. ^ "Fegnast um nýggjar tunlar". Kringvarp Føroya (in Faroese). Retrieved 2021-01-26.
  11. ^ "Kanna møguleika at gera tunnil ovarliga í Havn". www.in.fo. Retrieved 2021-02-25.
  12. ^ "Endiliga er avtalan um innkomuvegin undirskrivað". Tórshavnar kommuna (in Faroese). 3 June 2021. Retrieved 2021-06-17.
  13. ^ "Bjóða tunlar út í juli".
  14. ^ "Suðuroy subsea tunnel research shows early promise". Kringvarp Føroya (in Faroese). 26 November 2018.
  15. ^ "Minister: Suðuroy tunnel ready in 2030". Kringvarp Føroya (in Faroese). 5 February 2020.
  16. ^ "Gøtudalstunnil".
  17. ^ a b c "Farið verður undir tunnilin til Vestmanna í 2022".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  18. ^ "Samferðsluætlanin 2018-2030".
  19. ^ "Fara nú undir at prosjektera parkeringstunnil undir Havnini".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  20. ^ "Underground parking tunnel planned for Tórshavn".{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  21. ^ "Brúgvin um Sandá".

External linksEdit