List of the orchids of the Philippines

There are about 141 genera of orchids representing about 1,100 orchid species, 900 of which are described as endemic to the Philippines. Many of them have showy, brightly colored and attractive flowers.[1]

Vanda sanderiana, considered as the "Queen of Philippine Flowers"

Vanda sanderiana is unofficially dubbed the National Flower, as the only representative of the species is unique to the Philippines and is only found on the island of Mindanao.[2][3]

AbdomineaEdit

AcampeEdit

AcanthophippiumEdit

AcriopsisEdit

AeridesEdit

A genus with species that have showy flowers, and in the Philippines, characterized by the presence of fleshy looking spurs. The special feature of this flower is the fragrance some of the species of this genus has.[4]

AgrostophyllumEdit

AmesiellaEdit

AphyllorchisEdit

ApostasiaEdit

AppendiculaEdit

ArachnisEdit

ArundinaEdit

AscidieriaEdit

AscochilusEdit

AscoglossumEdit

BogoriaEdit

BrachypezaEdit

BromheadiaEdit

BulbophyllumEdit

CalantheEdit

CephalantheropsisEdit

CeratocentronEdit

CeratostylisEdit

ChamaeanthusEdit

CheirostylisEdit

ChelonisteleEdit

ChrysoglossumEdit

CladeriaEdit

CleisostomaEdit

CoelogyneEdit

CollabiumEdit

CordiglottisEdit

CorybasEdit

CorymborkisEdit

CrepidiumEdit

CryptostylisEdit

CymbidiumEdit

CyrtosiaEdit

CystorchisEdit

DendrobiumEdit

 
Dendrobium anosmum. Some specimen from the Philippines first described by Lindley are unscented. However, majority of the species are fragrant, giving the combined Tagalog term Sanggumay for its “repulsive” and “overpowering" scent.
 
Dendrobium victoriae-reginae. Named after Queen Victoria, this species is endemic to the Philippines

DendrochilumEdit

DendroliriumEdit

DidymoplexisEdit

DieniaEdit

DiglyphosaEdit

DilochiaEdit

DipodiumEdit

DisperisEdit

EpiblastusEdit

EpipogiumEdit

EriaEdit

ErythrodesEdit

EuantheEdit

EulophiaEdit

GaleolaEdit

GastrochilusEdit

GastrodiaEdit

GeodorumEdit

GlomeraEdit

GoodyeraEdit

GrammatophyllumEdit

GrosourdyaEdit

HabenariaEdit

HerminiumEdit

HetaeriaEdit

HippeophyllumEdit

HylophilaEdit

HymenorchisEdit

KuhlhasseltiaEdit

LecanorchisEdit

LepidogyneEdit

LiparisEdit

LudisiaEdit

LuisiaEdit

MacodesEdit

MacropodanthusEdit

MalaxisEdit

MegalotusEdit

MicroperaEdit

MicrosaccusEdit

MicrotatorchisEdit

MicrotisEdit

MycaranthesEdit

MyrmechisEdit

NephelaphyllumEdit

NerviliaEdit

NeuwiediaEdit

OberoniaEdit

OctarrhenaEdit

OmoeaEdit

OrchipedumEdit

OxystophyllumEdit

PachystomaEdit

PaphiopedilumEdit

ParapterocerasEdit

PennilabiumEdit

PeristylusEdit

PhaiusEdit

PhalaenopsisEdit

Found in Himalayan mountains, Southern India and rest of Southeast Asia, the most number of species for this genus of orchids are found in the Philippines. The country represents the center of Phalaenopsis orchids with about twenty two species[5] and several natural hybrids, more than any other country in the world.[6] Some of the species endemic to the Philippines such as P. stuartiana, P. sanderiana and P. schilleriana, have had the greatest influence on hybridizing than any other Phalaenopsis species.

 
Phalaenopsis philippinensis habitus in Singapore's National Orchid Garden

PholidotaEdit

PhragmorchisEdit

PhreatiaEdit

PilophyllumEdit

PinaliaEdit

PlatantheraEdit

PlocoglottisEdit

PoaephyllumEdit

PodochilusEdit

PolystachyaEdit

PomatocalpaEdit

PorphyrodesmeEdit

PseuderiaEdit

PseudovanillaEdit

PterocerasEdit

RenantheraEdit

RhombodaEdit

RhynchostylisEdit

RobiquetiaEdit

SaccolabiopsisEdit

SamarorchisEdit

SantotomasiaEdit

SarcophytonEdit

SchoenorchisEdit

SchuitemaniaEdit

SpathoglottisEdit

SpiranthesEdit

StaurochilusEdit

Moved to trichoglottis

StereochilusEdit

StereosandraEdit

StichorkisEdit

TaeniophyllumEdit

TainiaEdit

ThecosteleEdit

ThelasisEdit

ThelymitraEdit

ThrixspermumEdit

TrichoglottisEdit

 
Trichoglottis atropurpurea in Brooklyn Botanic Garden
 
Trichoglottis philippinensis

TrichotosiaEdit

TropidiaEdit

TuberolabiumEdit

VandaEdit

VandopsisEdit

VanillaEdit

VrydagzyneaEdit

ZeuxineEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Valmayor, Helen L. (1984). Orchidiana Philippiniana. ISBN 9711005522.
  2. ^ Cootes, Jim (2001). The Orchids of The Philippines: p. 123. ISBN 9780881925166.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-16. Retrieved 2013-03-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2013-03-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ Ikedo, Tsuneo Dr."Habitat Distribution and Ecology of Phalaenopsis Species". Retrieved 2013-04-03.
  6. ^ American Orchid Society."Phalaenopsis, The Genus Beginner's Handbook, XXIII". Retrieved 2013-04-03.
  7. ^ "OrchidaceaeN-Z". www.philippineplants.org. Retrieved 2020-04-07.