List of reptiles of Colombia

Colombia is the sixth richest country in the world for reptiles, and third richest in the Western Hemisphere.[1][2]

TurtlesEdit

The turtles (Order: Chelonii or Testudines) number 33 species from 9 families. Fifteen species are listed as vulnerable, endangered, or critically endangered.[3] Three turtle species are listed as endemic.

Snapping Turtles - Chelydridae
Scientific Name Common Name Distribution Status
Chelydra acutirostris South American Snapping Turtle Pacific & Caribbean lowlands
Sea Turtles - Cheloniidae
Scientific Name Common Name Distribution Status
Caretta caretta Loggerhead Sea Turtle Caribbean Endangered
Lepidochelys kempii Kemp's Ridley Sea Turtle Caribbean Critically Endangered
Lepidochelys olivacea Olive Ridley Sea Turtle Pacific & Caribbean coasts Vulnerable
Chelonia mydas Green Sea Turtle Pacific & Caribbean coasts Endangered
Eretmochelys imbricata Hawksbill Sea Turtle Pacific & Caribbean coasts Critically Endangered
Sea Turtles - Dermochelyidae
Scientific Name Common Name Distribution Status
Dermochelys coriacea Leatherback Sea Turtle Pacific & Caribbean coasts Critically Endangered
Mud Turtles - Kinosternidae
Scientific Name Common Name Distribution Status
Kinosternon dunni Colombian Mud Turtle Pacific lowlands (Chocó) Endemic; Vulnerable
Kinosternon leucostomum White-lipped Mud Turtle Pacific lowlands Vulnerable
Kinosternon scorpioides Scorpion Mud Turtle Pacific lowlands, Amazon basin
Pond Turtles - Emydidae
Scientific Name Common Name Distribution Status
Trachemys callirostris Colombian Slider
Trachemys venusta Meso-American Slider
Wood Turtles - Geoemydidae
Scientific Name Common Name Distribution Status
Rhinoclemmys annulata Brown Wood Turtle
Rhinoclemmys diademata Maracaibo Wood Turtle
Rhinoclemmys melanosterna Colombian Wood Turtle
Rhinoclemmys nasuta Large-nosed Wood Turtle
Tortoises - Testudinidae
Scientific Name Common Name Distribution Status
Chelonoidis carbonaria Red-footed Tortoise Amazon basin Vulnerable
Chelonoidis denticulata Yellow-footed Tortoise Amazon basin Vulnerable
Side-necked Turtles - Podocnemididae
Scientific Name Common Name Distribution Status
Peltocephalus dumerilianus Big-headed Amazon River Turtle Amazon basin Vulnerable
Podocnemis erythrocephala Red-headed Amazon River Turtle Amazon basin Vulnerable
Podocnemis expansa Giant South American Turtle Amazon basin
Podocnemis lewyana Magdalena River Turtle Magdalena River Endemic; Endangered
Podocnemis sextuberculata Six-tubercled Amazon River Turtle Amazon basin Vulnerable
Podocnemis unifilis Yellow-spotted Amazon River Turtle Amazon basin Vulnerable
Podocnemis vogli Savanna Side-necked Turtle Orinoco basin
Side-necked Turtles - Chelidae
Scientific Name Common Name Distribution Status
Chelus fimbriata Mata mata Amazon & Orinoco basins
Mesoclemmys dahli Dahl's Toad-headed Turtle Northeast Colombia (Bolivar) Endemic
Mesoclemmys gibba Gibba Turtle
Mesoclemmys raniceps Amazon Toad-headed Turtle Amazon basin
Phrynops geoffroanus Geoffroy's Side-necked Turtle Amazon basin
Phrynops tuberosus Cotinga River Toad-headed Turtle Amazon basin
Platemys platycephala Twist-necked Turtle Amazon & Orinoco basins
Rhinemys rufipes Red Side-necked Turtle Amazon basin

CrocodiliaEdit

Alligators & Caimans - Alligatoridae
Scientific Name Common Name Distribution Status
Paleosuchus palpebrosus Cuvier's Dwarf Caiman
Paleosuchus trigonatus Smooth-fronted Caiman
Caiman crocodilus Spectacled Caiman
Melanosuchus niger Black Caiman
Crocodiles - Crocodylidae
Scientific Name Common Name Distribution Status
Crocodylus acutus American Crocodile Vulnerable
Crocodylus intermedius Orinoco Crocodile Critically Endangered

SquamataEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Countries with the most number of reptile species".
  2. ^ "The Reptile Database".
  3. ^ "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species".

External linksEdit