List of political parties in Georgia

This article lists political parties in the country of Georgia.

Georgia has a multi-party system.

Active partiesEdit

Major partiesEdit

Parties with parliamentary representationEdit

The following parties have representation in the Parliament of Georgia.

Official logo Name Ideology Year founded Votes in 2020 proportional parliamentary polls Seats in Parliament Leader
  Georgian Dream Center-left
2012 928,004 (48.22%)
74 / 150
Irakli Kobakhidze
United National Movement Center-right
2001 Ran in coalition as part of Strength is in Unity Bloc.
15 / 150
Levan Khabeishvili
People's Power Sovereigntism 2022 Then part of Georgian Dream.
9 / 150
Sozar Subari
Girchi Libertarianism 2016 55,598 (2.89%)
4 / 150
Iago Khvichia
For Georgia Reformism
2021 Then part of Georgian Dream.
4 / 150
Giorgi Gakharia
European Socialists Socialism
2020 Then part of Alliance of Patriots of Georgia.
4 / 150
Phridon Injia
Lelo for Georgia Center-right
2019 60,712 (3.15%)
3 / 150
Mamuka Khazaradze
Progress and Freedom Libertarian conservatism 2020 Ran in coalition as part of Strength is in Unity Bloc.
3 / 150
Tsezar Chocheli
Kakhaber Okriashvili
  State for the People Christian democracy 2016 Ran in coalition as part of Strength is in Unity Bloc.
3 / 150
Nato Chkheidze
  Strategy Aghmashenebeli Center-right
2016 Ran in coalition with Law and Justice.
2 / 150
Giorgi Vashadze
Citizens Populism
2020 25,508 (1.33%)
2 / 150
Aleko Elisashvili
Victorious Georgia Right-wing
2019 Ran in coalition as part of Strength is in Unity Bloc.
1 / 150
Irakli Okruashvili
Law and Justice Civic nationalism
2019 Ran in coalition with Strategy Aghmashenebeli.
1 / 150
Tako Charkviani
National Democratic Party Conservatism 1988 421 (0.02%)
1 / 150
Bachuki Kardava
  Republican Party Classical liberalism 1978 Ran in coalition as part of Strength is in Unity Bloc.
1 / 150
Khatuna Samnidze

The following parties won seats in the 10th Parliament of Georgia but have since then resigned them.

Logo Name Ideology Year founded Votes in the 2020 parliamentary polls Leader
Alliance of Patriots of Georgia National conservatism
2012 60,480 (3.14%) Irma Inashvili
  European Georgia — Movement for Liberty Classical liberalism
2017 72,986 (3.79%) Giga Bokeria
Georgian Labour Party Left-wing populism
1995 19,314 (1.00%) Shalva Natelashvili
Girchi - More Freedom Libertarianism
2020 Then a part of Girchi. Zurab Girchi Japaridze
  Droa Social liberalism
Classical liberalism
2021 Then a part of European Georgia. Elene Khoshtaria

Parties with local representationEdit

The following parties have no nationwide representation but have elected officials at the local level.

Logo Name Ideology Year founded Seats held in Leader
  For the People Progressivism
2021 Tbilisi, Kazbegi Anna Dolidze
Free Georgia Conservatism 2010 Lentekhi Kakha Kukava

Small partiesEdit

The following parties have no elected official but took part in the 2021 local elections.

Name Ideology Year founded Leader
Mamuli Reformism
1993 Teimuraz Bobokhidze
Nation Populism
1989 Mirian Mirianashvili
Alliance of Democrats Localism 2021 Giorgi Buchukuri
SAKHE + Pro-Europeanism
Civic nationalism
2020 Ednar Bagrationi
Free Choice - New Alternative Pro-Europeanism
2018 Giorgi Pataridze
Left-Wing Alliance Christian democracy
Social democracy
2013 Ioseb Shatberashvili
Tribuna Left-wing populism 2020 Davit Chichinadze
Our United Georgia Reformism 2021 Isaki Giorgadze
Third Way Socialism 2021 Giorgi Tumanishvili
European Democrats Pro-Europeanism
Abkhaz conflict resolution
Social democracy
2005 Paata Davitaia
Sakartvelo Reformism
Georgian nationalism
Caucasian federalism
2016 Giorgi Liluashvili
Snap Elections - United Georgia - Democratic Movement Conservatism
2008 Nino Burjanadze
Future Georgia Socialism 2008 Giorgi Laghidze
Social Justice Social democracy 2020 Mamuka Tuskadze
Green Party Green conservatism 1989 Gia Gachechiladze
Tamaz Mechiauri for United Georgia Sovereigntism
Right-wing populism
2016 Vacant
Reformers Conservatism 2014 Davit Mirotadze
Whites Right-wing populism
Christian democracy
2012 Teimuraz Shashiashvili
New Christian-Democrats Christian democracy 2021 Gogi Tsulaia
Reformer Reformism
Direct democracy
2020 Tornike Janashvili
Tavisupleba - Zviad Gamsakhurdias Gza Georgian nationalism
National conservatism
Christian democracy
State capitalism
2004 Malkhazi Gorgasalidze
Georgian Troupe Left-wing nationalism 2007 Jondi Baghaturia
Socialist Workers' Party Communism 1999 Tamaz Japoshvili
People's Party Conservatism 2006 Alexandre Kobaidze
Georgian Social-Democratic Party Social democracy 1989 Avtandil Veltauri

The following parties registered but failed ballot access in the 2021 local elections.

Name Ideology Year founded Leader
XX Century Christian communism 2021 Grigol Oniani
Party of Georgian Unity Georgian nationalism
1990 Giorgi Chincharauli
Free Democrats Classical liberalism
2009 Tamar Kekenadze
Green Earth Eco-socialism 2020 Nugzar Meladze
For Justice Judicial independence
2019 Eka Beselia
Georgia's Euro-Atlantic Way Atlanticism 2020 Shorena Gardapkhadze

The following parties have no elected official but took part in the 2020 parliamentary election.

Name Ideology Year founded Leader 2020 results
Zviad's Way (For God, Justice, and Country) Theocratic authoritarianism 1990 Vacant 1,563 (0.08%)
Social-Democrats for Georgia's Development Social democracy 2010 Gia Zhorzholiani 4,413 (0.23%)
New Power Far-right 2020 Lazare Zakariadze 1,458 (0.08%)
Georgian Roots Georgian nationalism
Diaspora repatriation
2020 Tengiz Okropilashvili 1,914 (0.1%)
Political Movement of Veterans of the Armed Forces and Patriots of Georgia Militarism
2007 Gia Berdzenidze 3,245 (0.17%)
Change Georgia Economic populism
2020 Giorgi Gagnidze 1,292 (0.07%)
Conservative Party National conservatism
2001 Zviad Dzidziguri 3,124 (0.16%)
Patriotic Order - Homeland Localism
2001 Grigoli Sokhadze 583 (0.03%)
Choice for Homeland Social democracy 2020 Lela Guledani 536 (0.03%)
National Democratic Movement State capitalism 2014 Davit Shukakidze 4,850 (0.25%)
Movement for a Free Georgia Atlanticism 2018 Khatuna Koiava 739 (0.04%)
Georgian Choice Sovereigntism
Social democracy
2020 Bezhan Gunava 2,165 (0.11%)
Our Georgia - Solidarity Alliance Social democracy
2020 Mariam Jashi 8,335 (0.43%)
Georgian Idea Far-right
2014 Levan Chachua 8,263 (0.43%)
Georgian March Far-right
2017 Sandro Bregadze 4,753 (0.25%)
Progressive Georgia Progressivism 2020 Irakli Murtskhvaladze 980 (0.05%)
Euro-Atlantic Vector Atlanticism
2011 Sergo Javakhidze 424 (0.02%)
Christian-Democratic People's Movement Christian democracy 2020 Ani Rekhviashvili 334 (0.02%)
Georgia's Development State capitalism 2020 Ketevan Gogoladze 1,549 (0.08%)
Traditionalists Georgian nationalism
1989 Akaki Asatiani 479 (0.02%)
Industry Will Save Georgia Economic nationalism
1999 Gogi Topadze 1,048 (0.05%)

The following parties registered but failed ballot access in the 2020 parliamentary election.

Name Ideology Year founded Leader
Political League of Georgian Highlanders Centrism
State capitalism
1988 Gela Pitskhelauri
Party of Georgian National Unity Center-left
1988 Giorgi Chincharauli
Voice of Mother, Voice of Nation Socialism
2009 Nina Kvesadze
New 2016 Giorgi Lemonjava
National-Christian Party for Georgia Georgian nationalism
1999 Davit Khomasuridze
Consolidation Party of Georgian Citizens 1998 Erekle Ivelashvili
Friendship Union, Independence and Prosperity 1998 Shota Mebuke
Georgian Conservative Monarchist Party Conservatism
1989 Temur Zhorzholiani
Christian-Conservative Party Christian democracy
1997 Shota Malashkhia
Party of Georgian Unity and Development Authoritarianism 2020 Kamal Muradkhanov
Union for Protection of the Georgian Pensioners' Right Socialism 1997 Irakli Natsvlishvili
Unity of Iberians Georgian nationalism
2019 Giorgi Tsiptauri
Unity of Georgian Nationalists Georgian nationalism
1991 Gaioz Mamaladze

The following parties have not taken part in the last two election cycles but maintain an active organization.

Logo Name Ideology Year founded Leader
  Greens Party Green conservatism 1989 Giorgi Gachechiladze
Rustavel's Path Georgian nationalism
2023 Akia Barbakadze
Conservative Movement Sovereigntism
2021 Konstantine Morgoshia
Green Party Green
2022 Tamar Jakeli
Ilia Chavchavadze Society Federalism
Georgian nationalism
1987 Tamar Chkheidze
  Unified Communist Party of Georgia Marxism–Leninism
Soviet patriotism
1994 Nugzar Avaliani

Historical partiesEdit

Held national officesEdit

The following parties held at least one legislative seat since 1990, but have ceased to exist.

Logo Party Ideology Years active Note
National Forum Isolationism
Classical radicalism
2006-2017 Radical political party led by Kakha Shartava and in the opposition in 2006–2012. Part of the ruling coalition in 2012–2016. Absorbed by the Development Movement in 2017.
New Rights Liberal conservatism
Classical radicalism
2001-2019 One of the largest opposition parties, formed in 2001 as the New Conservative Party by uniting the New Faction, New Movement, and Neo-Conservative Union. A member of several opposition blocks, including the 2004 Right Opposition, the 2008 United Opposition, and the 2018 Strength is in Unity. Absorbed by Lelo for Georgia in 2019.
Christian-Democratic Movement Christian democracy
Social conservatism
2008-2018 Opposition party with seats in the 2008-2012 Parliament. Party has never been disbanded but it has not had any activity since the 2018 presidential election.
  Democratic Union for Revival Regionalism
1991-2004 Originally known as the Adjaran Union for the Rebirth of Georgia, one of the largest opposition parties in the 1990s. Held control of the Adjarian Autonomous Republic and led by Aslan Abashidze. Party disbanded when the latter fled Georgia in 2004.
For a New Georgia Social democracy 2003-2008 Created during the 2003 parliamentary election to back Eduard Shevardnadze after the collapse of the Citizens' Union. The party ceased to function after the Rose Revolution but kept 19 MPs until 2008.
  Union of Citizens of Georgia Social democracy
1993-2003 Ruling party from 1993 to 2003. Led by President Eduard Shevardnadze. Abolished in 2003 ahead of the parliamentary election and replaced by For a New Georgia.
Socialist Party Socialism 1995-2003 Formed as an opposition party and integrated into an alliance with the Democratic Union for Revival during the 1999 parliamentary election. Stopped functioning following the Rose Revolution.
Konstantine Gamsakhurdia Society Socialism
Social conservatism
1992-2003 Formed as an opposition party and integrated into an alliance with the Democratic Union for Revival during the 1999 parliamentary election. Stopped functioning following the Rose Revolution.
Georgian Freedom and Unity Movement Conservatism 1992-2003 Formed as an opposition party and integrated into an alliance with the Democratic Union for Revival during the 1999 parliamentary election. Stopped functioning following the Rose Revolution.
Union of Reformers and Agrarians Center-right
1992-1999 Part of the National Accord electoral bloc in 1995 and won one seat in Parliament. It ceased its activities after failing to win reelection in 1999.
Union of Sportsmen of Georgia Centrism 1994-2008 Part of the National Accord electoral bloc in 1995 and won one seat in Parliament. Failed to win reelection in 1999 and ceased its activities after a poor showing in the 2008 parliamentary election. Founded by infamous thief-in-law Otari Kvantrishvili.
Support Center-right 1994-1999 Led by State Minister Otar Patsatsia as a party officially supporting Eduard Shevardnadze, though backing more center-right politics than the Citizens' Union.
Democratic Union of Georgia Center-left 1991-1998 Founded by several former Soviet dissidents, including Avtandil Margiani and Zurab Tsereteli. Part of the ruling coalition in 1992 and won three seats in the 1995 parliamentary election. Ceased its activities following the 1999 parliamentary election.
Lemi Regionalism 1995-1999 Regional party based in Svaneti and chaired by MP Tengiz Gazdeliani, who also served in the ruling coalition since 1992. Gazdeliani was its only elected leader and the party disbanded in 1999.
Bourgeois-Democratic Party Center-right 1992-1996 Founded ahead of the 1992 parliamentary election as the political branch of the civil society organization League of Economic and Social Progress of Georgia and joined the Peace Bloc that endorsed the candidacy of Eduard Shevardnadze, winning two seats in Parliament.
People's Front Center-right
1989-1999 Formed as one of the largest anti-Soviet organizations by Nodar Natadze. Opposed to the presidencies of Zviad Gamsakhurdia and Eduard Shevardnadze. Won 16 seats in the 1992 parliamentary election as part of the "11 October Bloc". Disappeared following the 1999 election.
Christian-Democratic Union Center-right
1989-1999 Opposed to the presidency of Zviad Gamsakhurdia. Won 3 seats in the 1992 parliamentary election as part of the opposition "11 October Bloc" but eventually endorsed Eduard Shevardnadze in 1995. Disappeared following the 1999 election.
Union of Social Justice Socialism
1990-1999 Won 2 seats in the 1992 parliamentary election. Disappeared following the 1999 election.
Liberal-Democratic National Party Classical liberalism
1990-1997 Won 14 seats in the 1992 parliamentary election as part of the Unity Bloc, the only party to win seats from that coalition. Originally in opposition to President Eduard Shevardnadze, it endorsed him in the 1995 presidential election and disappeared shortly thereafter.
Democratic Party Classical liberalism
1991-1998 Won 10 seats in the 1992 parliamentary election and only one in the 1995 elections. Absorbed by the Socialist Party in 1998.
Charter-91 Georgian nationalism 1991-2019 Formed as one of the leading members of the Round Table ruling coalition that backed Zviad Gamsakhurdia and continued activities as an opposition party during the presidency of Eduard Shevardnadze. Won 9 seats in 1992, but failed to win reelection in 1995. The party then became mostly inactive, until its absorption by the Republican Party in 2019.
Merab Kostava Society Right-wing
1990-1999 One of Georgia's earlier political parties, originally part of the Round Table - Free Georgia coalition that backed the presidency of Zviad Gamsakhurdia and joined the opposition to President Eduard Shevardnadze. Won 7 seats in the 1992 elections and one seat in 1995. After failing to win any position in 1999, the party ceased all activities.
National Independence Party Georgian nationalism
1988-2006 One of Georgia's earlier political parties, founded by dissident Irakli Tsereteli and regularly associated with right-wing, monarchist, and conservative parties. While it won seats in the 1990 and 1992 parliamentary elections, its activities were largely discontinued after 1995. Its leader, Irakli Tsereteli, was arrested in 2006 for supporting guerrilla partisans in the Kodori Valley.
Union of Farmers of All Georgia Social democracy
1987-1999 Won two seats in the 1992 parliamentary election. Ceased all activities after 1999.
Helsinki Union of Georgia Georgian nationalism
State capitalism
1976-1993 Oldest political party in post-Soviet Georgia, created as a group of anti-Soviet dissidents by Zviad Gamsakhurdia. Part of the Round Table - Free Georgia electoral alliance that led Georgia to independence in 1991. Lost power as a result of the 1991-1992 coup, after which the party has formally boycotted all electoral activities.

Small, defunct partiesEdit

The defunct following parties have not held nationwide offices but received considerable media coverage.

Logo Name Ideology Years active Leader
The Way of Georgia Social democracy
Social liberalism
2006-2019 Salome Zourabichvili
  Development Movement Pro-Europeanism
2017-2019 Davit Usupashvili
Party of the Future Classical liberalism 2008-2012 Giorgi Maisashvili
Party of Hope Sovereigntism 2006 Igor Giorgadze
Irina Sarishvili

Democratic Republic of GeorgiaEdit

The following parties were active during the 1918-1921 Democratic Republic of Georgia.

Name Ideology Seats in the Constituent Assembly Results in the 1919 election
Social Democratic Labour Party of Georgia Democratic socialism
Left-wing nationalism
109 / 130
409,766 (80.96%)
Georgian Socialist-Federalist Revolutionary Party Federalism
Georgian nationalism
Democratic socialism
8 / 130
33,721 (6.66%)
National Democratic Party Classical liberalism
Georgian nationalism
8 / 130
30,754 (6.08%)
Socialist-Revolutionary Party of Georgia Agrarian socialism
5 / 130
21,453 (4.24%)
Radical-Democratic Party of Georgia Right-wing
0 / 130
3,107 (0.61%)
Armenian Party in Georgia–Dashnaktsitiuni Armenian nationalism
4 / 130
2,353 (0.46%)
Left Socialist-Federalist Party Socialism
0 / 130
1,616 (0.32%)
Georgian National Landowners Party Right-wing
4 / 130
1,532 (0.30%)
Russian Social Democratic Labour Party Democratic socialism
0 / 130
779 (0.15%)
Group of Muslims from Borchalo District Localism
Islamic democracy
0 / 130
77 (0.02%)
National Council of Muslims Islamic democracy
0 / 130
60 (0.01%)
Aesthetic League of Patriots Intelligentsia
Social democracy
0 / 130
53 (0.01%)
Shota Rustaveli Group
0 / 130
51 (0.01%)
Democratic Group of Georgian Hellenes Federalism
0 / 130
14 (0.00%)

Banned partiesEdit

The following parties are currently banned.

See alsoEdit