List of overruled United States Supreme Court decisions

This is a list of decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States that have been explicitly overruled, in part or in whole, by a subsequent decision of the Court. It does not include decisions that have been abrogated by subsequent constitutional amendment or by subsequent amending statutes.

As of 2018, the Supreme Court had overruled more than 300 of its own cases.[1] The longest period between the original decision and the overulling decision is 136 years, for the common law Admiralty cases Minturn v. Maynard, 58 U.S. (17 How.) 476 decision in 1855, overruled by the Exxon Corp. v. Central Gulf Lines Inc., 500 U.S. 603 decision in 1991. The shortest period is 11 months, for the constitutional law Fourth Amendment (re: search and seizure) cases Robbins v. California, 453 U.S. 420 decision in July 1981, overruled by the United States v. Ross, 456 U.S. 798 decision in June 1982. There have been 16 decisions which have simultaneously overruled more than one earlier decision; of these, three have simultaneously overruled four decisions each: the statutory law regarding habeas corpus decision Hensley v. Municipal Court, 411 U.S. 345 (1973), the constitutional law Eleventh Amendment (re: sovereign immunity) decision Edelman v. Jordan, 415 U.S. 651 (1974) and the constitutional law Fifth Amendment (re: double jeopardy) decision Burks v. United States, 437 U.S. 1 (1978).

ConstitutionalEdit

Article OneEdit

Commerce Clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Hammer v. Dagenhart, 247 U.S. 251 (1918) United States v. Darby Lumber Co., 312 U.S. 100 (1941)
Puget Sound Stevedoring Co. v. State Tax Commission, 302 U.S. 90 (1937) Department of Revenue v. Washington Stevedoring Cos., 435 U.S. 734 (1978)
Joseph v. Carter & Weekes Stevedoring Co., 330 U.S. 422 (1947) Department of Revenue v. Washington Stevedoring Cos., 435 U.S. 734 (1978)
Spector Motor Service v. O’Connor, 340 U.S. 602 (1951) Complete Auto Transit v. Brady, 430 U.S. 274 (1977)
Joseph E. Seagram & Sons v. Hostetter, 384 U.S. 35 (1966) Healy v. Beer Institute, 491 U.S. 324 (1989)
National League of Cities v. Usery, 426 U.S. 833 (1976) Garcia v. San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority, 469 U.S. 528 (1985)
Quill Corp. v. North Dakota, 504 U.S. 298 (1992) South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc., 585 U.S. ___ (2018)
National Bellas Hess, Inc. v. Department of Revenue of Ill., 386 U.S. 753 (1967) South Dakota v. Wayfair, Inc., 585 U.S. ___ (2018)
Ex post facto
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Kring v. Missouri, 107 U.S. 221 (1883) Collins v. Youngblood, 497 U.S. 37 (1990)
Thompson v. Utah, 170 U.S. 343 (1898) Collins v. Youngblood, 497 U.S. 37 (1990)
Federal tax
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Pollock v. Farmers' Loan & Trust Co., 157 U.S. 429 (1895) (in part) South Carolina v. Baker, 485 U.S. 505 (1988)
State import/export tax
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Low v. Austin, 80 U.S. (13 Wall.) 29 (1872) Michelin Tire Corp. v. Wages, 423 U.S. 276 (1976)
Hooven & Allison Co. v. Evatt, 324 U.S. 652 (1945) Limbach v. Hooven & Allison Co., 466 U.S. 353 (1984)
Article One courts
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Ex parte Bakelite Corp., 279 U.S. 438 (1929) Glidden Co. v. Zdanok, 370 U.S. 530 (1962)
Williams v. United States, 289 U.S. 553 (1933) Glidden Co. v. Zdanok, 370 U.S. 530 (1962)
O'Callahan v. Parker, 395 U.S. 258 (1969) Solorio v. United States, 483 U.S. 435 (1987)

Article ThreeEdit

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Swift v. Tyson, 41 U.S. (16 Pet.) 1 (1842) Erie Railroad Co. v. Tompkins, 304 U.S. 64 (1938)
Durham v. United States, 401 U.S. 481 (1971) Dove v. United States, 423 U.S. 325 (1976) (per curiam)
Compensation Clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Evans v. Gore, 253 U.S. 245 (1920) United States v. Hatter, 532 U.S. 557 (2001)
Miles v. Graham, 268 U.S. 501 (1925) O'Malley v. Woodrough, 307 U.S. 277 (1939)

Article FourEdit

Extradition Clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Kentucky v. Dennison, 65 U.S. (24 How.) 66 (1861) Puerto Rico v. Branstad, 483 U.S. 219 (1987)
Equal footing doctrine
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Bonelli Cattle Co. v. Arizona, 414 U.S. 313 (1973) Oregon ex rel. State Land Board v. Corvallis Sand & Gravel Co., 429 U.S. 363 (1977)
Full Faith and Credit
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Nevada v. Hall, 440 U.S. 410 (1979) Franchise Tax Board of California v. Hyatt, 139 S. Ct. 1485 (2019)

Article SixEdit

Supremacy Clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Reitz v. Mealey, 314 U.S. 33 (1941) Perez v. Campbell, 402 U.S. 637 (1971)
Kesler v. Department of Public Safety, 369 U.S. 153 (1962) Perez v. Campbell, 402 U.S. 637 (1971)

First AmendmentEdit

Establishment Clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Meek v. Pittinger, 421 U.S. 349 (1975) Mitchell v. Helms, 530 U.S. 793 (2000)
Wolman v. Walter, 433 U.S. 229 (1977) Mitchell v. Helms, 530 U.S. 793 (2000)
School District of City of Grand Rapids v. Ball, 473 U.S. 373 (1985) Agostini v. Felton, 521 U.S. 203 (1997)
Aguilar v. Felton, 473 U.S. 402 (1985) Agostini v. Felton, 521 U.S. 203 (1997)
Free speech clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Whitney v. California, 274 U.S. 357 (1927) Brandenburg v. Ohio, 395 U.S. 444 (1969)
Minersville School District v. Gobitis, 310 U.S. 586 (1940) West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnette, 319 U.S. 624 (1943)
Valentine v. Chrestensen, 316 U.S. 52 (1942) Virginia State Pharmacy Board v. Virginia Citizens Consumer Council, 425 U.S. 748 (1976)
Roth v. United States, 354 U.S. 476 (1957) Miller v. California, 413 U.S. 15 (1973)
Amalgamated Food Employees Union Local 590 v. Logan Valley Plaza, 391 U.S. 308 (1968) Hudgens v. National Labor Relations Board, 424 U.S. 507 (1976)
Austin v. Michigan Chamber of Commerce, 494 U.S. 652 (1990) Citizens United v. FEC, 558 U.S. 310 (2010)
McConnell v. Federal Election Commission, 540 U.S. 93 (2003) (in part) Citizens United v. FEC, 558 U.S. 310 (2010)
Abood v. Detroit Board of Education, 431 U.S. 209 (1977) Janus v. AFSCME, 585 U.S. (2018)

Fourth AmendmentEdit

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Olmstead v. United States, 277 U.S. 438 (1928) Katz v. United States, 389 U.S. 347 (1967)
Harris v. United States, 331 U.S. 145 (1947) Chimel v. California, 395 U.S. 752 (1969)
Wolf v. Colorado, 338 U.S. 25 (1949) Mapp v. Ohio, 367 U.S. 643 (1961)
Lustig v. United States, 338 U.S. 74 (1949) Elkins v. United States, 364 U.S. 206 (1960)
United States v. Rabinowitz, 339 U.S. 56 (1950) Chimel v. California, 395 U.S. 752 (1969)
Jones v. United States, 362 U.S. 257 (1960) United States v. Salvucci, 448 U.S. 83 (1980)
Aguilar v. Texas, 378 U.S. 108 (1964) Illinois v. Gates, 462 U.S. 213 (1983)
Spinelli v. United States, 393 U.S. 410 (1969) Illinois v. Gates, 462 U.S. 213 (1983)
Arkansas v. Sanders, 442 U.S. 753 (1979) California v. Acevedo, 500 U.S. 565 (1991)
Robbins v. California, 453 U.S. 420 (1981) United States v. Ross, 456 U.S. 798 (1982)

Fifth AmendmentEdit

Grand jury
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Ex parte Bain, 121 U.S. 1 (1887) United States v. Miller (1985), 471 U.S. 130 (1985)
Double jeopardy
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Coffey v. United States, 116 U.S. 436 (1886) United States v. One Assortment of 89 Firearms, 465 U.S. 354 (1984)
Brantley v. Georgia, 217 U.S. 284 (1910) (per curiam) Price v. Georgia, 398 U.S. 323 (1970)
Palko v. Connecticut, 302 U.S. 319 (1937) Benton v. Maryland, 395 U.S. 784 (1969)
Bryan v. United States, 338 U.S. 552 (1950) Burks v. United States, 437 U.S. 1 (1978)
Sapir v. United States, 348 U.S. 373 (1955) Burks v. United States, 437 U.S. 1 (1978)
Yates v. United States, 354 U.S. 298 (1957) (in part) Burks v. United States, 437 U.S. 1 (1978)
Hoag v. New Jersey, 356 U.S. 464 (1958) Ashe v. Swenson, 397 U.S. 436 (1970)
Forman v. United States, 361 U.S. 416 (1960) Burks v. United States, 437 U.S. 1 (1978)
United States v. Jenkins, 420 U.S. 358 (1975) United States v. Scott, 437 U.S. 82 (1978)
United States v. Halper, 490 U.S. 435 (1989) Hudson v. United States, 522 U.S. 93 (1997)
Grady v. Corbin, 495 U.S. 508 (1990) United States v. Dixon, 509 U.S. 688 (1993)
Self-incrimination
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Twining v. New Jersey, 211 U.S. 78 (1908) Malloy v. Hogan, 378 U.S. 1 (1964)
Cohen v. Hurley, 366 U.S. 117 (1961) Spevack v. Klein, 385 U.S. 511 (1967)
Due process
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Adkins v. Children's Hospital, 261 U.S. 525 (1923) West Coast Hotel Co. v. Parrish, 300 U.S. 379 (1937)
Takings Clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Agins v. City of Tiburon, 447 U.S. 255, (1980) Lingle v. Chevron U.S.A. Inc., 544 U.S. 528 (2005)
Williamson County Regional Planning Comm'n v. Hamilton Bank of Johnson City, 473 U.S. 172 (1985) Knick v. Township of Scott, Pennsylvania, 139 S. Ct. 2162 (2019)

Sixth AmendmentEdit

Jury right
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Sinclair v. United States, 279 U.S. 263 (1929) United States v. Gaudin, 515 U.S. 506 (1995)
Walton v. Arizona, 497 U.S. 639 (1990) Ring v. Arizona, 536 U.S. 584 (2002)
Harris v. United States, 536 U.S. 545 (2002) Alleyne v. United States, 570 U.S. 99 (2013)
Confrontation Clause
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Delli Paoli v. United States, 352 U.S. 232 (1957) Bruton v. United States, 391 U.S. 123 (1968)
Ohio v. Roberts, 448 U.S. 56 (1980) Crawford v. Washington, 541 U.S. 36 (2004)
Right to counsel
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Betts v. Brady, 316 U.S. 455 (1942) Gideon v. Wainwright, 372 U.S. 335 (1963)
Baldasar v. Illinois, 446 U.S. 222 (1980) Nichols v. United States, 511 U.S. 738 (1994)
Michigan v. Jackson, 475 U.S. 625 (1986) Montejo v. Louisiana, 129 S. Ct. 2079 (2009)

Eighth AmendmentEdit

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Booth v. Maryland, 482 U.S. 496 (1987); Payne v. Tennessee, 501 U.S. 808 (1991)
South Carolina v. Gathers, 490 U.S. 805 (1989) Payne v. Tennessee, 501 U.S. 808 (1991)
Penry v. Lynaugh, 492 U.S. 302 (1989) Atkins v. Virginia, 536 U.S. 304 (2002)
Stanford v. Kentucky, 492 U.S. 361 (1989) Roper v. Simmons, 543 U.S. 551 (2005)

Eleventh AmendmentEdit

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Ford Motor Co. v. Department of Treasury, 323 U.S. 459 (1945) Lapides v. Board of Regents of University System of Georgia, 535 U.S. 613 (2002)
Parden v. Terminal Railroad Co. of Alabama Docks Department, 377 U.S. 184 (1964) Welch v. Texas Department of Highways & Transportation, 483 U.S. 468 (1987)
Parden v. Terminal Railroad Co. of Alabama Docks Department, 377 U.S. 184 (1964) College Savings Bank v. Florida Prepaid Postsecondary Education Expense Board, 527 U.S. 666 (1999)
Shapiro v. Thompson, 394 U.S. 618 (1969) Edelman v. Jordan, 415 U.S. 651 (1974)
State Department of Health & Rehabilitation Services. v. Zarate, 407 U.S. 918 (1972) Edelman v. Jordan, 415 U.S. 651 (1974)
Sterrett v. Mothers’ & Children’s Rights Organization, 409 U.S. 809 (1973) Edelman v. Jordan, 415 U.S. 651 (1974)
Wyman v. Bowens, 397 U.S. 49 (1970) Edelman v. Jordan, 415 U.S. 651 (1974)
Pennsylvania v. Union Gas Co., 491 U.S. 1 (1989) Seminole Tribe of Florida v. Florida, 517 U.S. 44 (1997)

Fourteenth AmendmentEdit

Procedural due process
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Simpson v. Rice, 395 U.S. 711 (1969) Alabama v. Smith, 490 U.S. 794 (1989)
Parratt v. Taylor, 451 U.S. 527 (1981) Daniels v. Williams, 474 U.S. 327 (1986)
Substantive due process
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Liggett Co. v. Baldridge, 278 U.S. 105 (1928) North Dakota Pharmacy Board v. Snyder’s Drug Stores, 414 U.S. 156 (1973)
City of Akron v. Akron Center for Reproductive Health, 462 U.S. 416 (1983) Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 (1992)
Thornburgh v. American College of Obstetricians & Gynecologists, 476 U.S. 747 (1986) Planned Parenthood v. Casey, 505 U.S. 833 (1992)
Bowers v. Hardwick, 478 U.S. 186 (1986) Lawrence v. Texas, 539 U.S. 558 (2003)
Equal protection
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Pace v. Alabama, 106 U.S. (16 Otto) 583 (1883) McLaughlin v. Florida, 379 U.S. 184 (1964)
Plessy v. Ferguson, 163 U.S. 537 (1896) Brown v. Board of Education, 347 US 483 (1954)
Quaker City Cab Co. v. Pennsylvania, 277 U.S. 389 (1928) Lehnhausen v. Lake Shore Auto Parts Co., 410 U.S. 356 (1973)
Breedlove v. Suttles, 302 U.S. 277 (1937) Harper v. Virginia State Board of Elections, 383 U.S. 663 (1966)
Goesaert v. Cleary, 335 U.S. 464 (1948) Craig v. Boren, 429 U.S. 190 (1976)
Morey v. Doud, 354 U.S. 457 (1957) City of New Orleans v. Dukes, 427 U.S. 297 (1976) (per curiam)
Hoyt v. Florida, 368 U.S. 57 (1961) Taylor v. Louisiana, 419 U.S. 522 (1975)
Swain v. Alabama, 380 U.S. 202 (1965) Batson v. Kentucky, 476 U.S. 79 (1986)
Baker v. Nelson, 409 U.S. 810 (1972) Obergefell v. Hodges, 576 U.S. ___ (2015)
Metro Broadcasting, Inc. v. FCC, 497 U.S. 547 (1990) Adarand Constructors, Inc. v. Peña, 515 U.S. 200 (1995)
Citizenship
Overruled decision Overruling decision
Perez v. Brownell, 356 U.S. 44 (1958) Afroyim v. Rusk, 387 U.S. 253 (1967)

StatutoryEdit

42 U.S.C. § 1983Edit

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Collins v. Hardyman, 341 U.S. 651 (1951) Griffin v. Breckenridge, 403 U.S. 88 (1971)
Monroe v. Pape, 365 U.S. 167 (1961) (in part) Monell v. Department of Social Services of the City of New York, 436 U.S. 658 (1978)

AntitrustEdit

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Dr. Miles Medical Co. v. John D. Park & Sons Co., 220 U.S. 373 (1911) Leegin Creative Leather Products, Inc. v. PSKS, Inc., 551 U.S. 877 (2007)
United States v. Yellow Cab Co., 332 U.S. 218 (1947) Copperweld Corp. v. Independence Tube Corp., 467 U.S. 752 (1984)
Kiefer-Stewart Co. v. Jos. E. Seagram & Sons, 340 U.S. 211 (1951) Copperweld Corp. v. Independence Tube Corp., 467 U.S. 752 (1984)
United States v. Arnold, Schwinn & Co., 388 U.S. 365 (1967) Continental Television, Inc. v. GTE Sylvania, Inc., 433 U.S. 36 (1977)
Albrecht v. Herald Co., 390 U.S. 145 (1968) State Oil Co. v. Khan, 522 U.S. 3 (1997)

ArbitrationEdit

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Wilko v. Swan, 346 U.S. 427 (1953) Rodriguez de Quijas v. Shearson/American Express Inc., 490 U.S. 477 (1989)

Federal crimeEdit

Overruled decision Overruling decision
United States v. Bramblett, 348 U.S. 503 (1955) Hubbard v. United States, 514 U.S. 695 (1995)
Ward v. Race Horse, 163 U.S. 504 (1896) Herrera v. Wyoming, 139 S. Ct. 1686 (2019)

HabeasEdit

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Wales v. Whitney (1885) Hensley v. Municipal Court, 411 U.S. 345 (1973)
Baker v. Grice, 169 U.S. 284 (1898) Hensley v. Municipal Court, 411 U.S. 345 (1973)
Johnson v. Hoy, 227 U.S. 245 (1913) Hensley v. Municipal Court, 411 U.S. 345 (1973)
Stallings v. Splain, 253 U.S. 339 (1920) Hensley v. Municipal Court, 411 U.S. 345 (1973)
McNally v. Hill, 293 U.S. 131 (1934) Peyton v. Rowe, 391 U.S. 54 (1968)
Ahrens v. Clark, 335 U.S. 188 (1948) (in part) Braden v. 30th Judicial Circuit Court of Kentucky, 410 U.S. 484 (1973)
Parker v. Ellis, 362 U.S. 574 (1960) (per curiam) Carafas v. LaVallee, 391 U.S. 234 (1968)
Fay v. Noia, 372 U.S. 391 (1963) Coleman v. Thompson, 501 U.S. 722 (1991)

LaborEdit

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Moore v. Illinois Central Railroad, 312 U.S. 630 (1941) Andrews v. Louisville & Nashville Railroad, 406 U.S. 320 (1972)
United Auto Workers v. Wisconsin Employment Relations Board, 336 U.S. 245 (1949) International Ass'n of Machinists & Aerospace Workers v. Wisconsin Employment Relations Commission, 427 U.S. 132 (1976)
Sinclair Refining Co. v. Atkinson, 370 U.S. 195 (1962) Boys Markets, Inc. v. Retail Clerks Union, 398 U.S. 235 (1970)

Common lawEdit

Absolute and qualified immunityEdit

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Saucier v. Katz, 533 U.S. 194 (2001) Pearson v. Callahan, 555 U.S. 223 (2009)

AdmiraltyEdit

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Rose v. Himley, 8 U.S. (4 Cranch) 241 (1808) Hudson v. Guestier, 10 U.S. (6 Cranch) 281 (1810)
The Thomas Jefferson v. District Court of Kentucky, 23 U.S. (10 Wheat.) 428 (1825) The Genesee Chief v. Fitzhugh, 53 U.S. (12 How.) 443 (1851)
The Schooner Catherine v. Dickinson, 58 U.S. (17 How.) 170 (1854) United States v. Reliable Transfer Co., 421 U.S. 397 (1975)
Minturn v. Maynard, 58 U.S. (17 How.) 476 (1855) Exxon Corp. v. Central Gulf Lines Inc. 500 U.S. 603 (1991)
The Harrisburg, 119 U.S. 199 (1886) Moragne v. States Marine Lines, 398 U.S. 375 (1970)

ContractEdit

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Sheehy v. Mandeville, 10 U.S. (6 Cranch) 253 (1810) Mason v. Eldred, 73 U.S. (6 Wall.) 231 (1868)

Res judicataEdit

Overruled decision Overruling decision
Triplett v. Lowell, 297 U.S. 638 (1936) Blonder-Tongue Labs v. University of Illinois Foundation, 402 U.S. 313 (1971)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Struyk, Ryan (September 6, 2018). "The Supreme Court has overturned more than 300 rulings. Is Roe next?". CNN. Retrieved 2020-01-17.

Further readingEdit

External linksEdit