List of ocean circulation models

This is a list of ocean circulation models, as used in physical oceanography. Ocean circulation models can also be used to study chemical oceanography, biological oceanography, geological oceanography, and climate science.

Acronym Full name
ADCIRC ADvanced CIRCulation model
COCO CCSR (Center for Climate System Research) Ocean Component Model
COHERENS COupled Hydrodynamical Ecological model for REgioNal Shelf seas
FVCOM Finite Volume Community Ocean Model
FESOM AWI Finite-Element/volumE Sea ice-Ocean Model
FRAM Fine Resolution Antarctic Ocean Model
HOPE The Hamburg Ocean Primitive Equation General Circulation Model [1]
HYCOM HYbrid Coordinate Ocean Model
LSG The Hamburg Large Scale Geostrophic Ocean General Circulation Model [2]
MICOM Miami Isopycnic Coordinate Ocean Model
MITgcm M.I.T. General Circulation Model
MOHID MOdelo HIDrodinâmico
MOM GFDL Modular Ocean Model
MOMA MOM for Array Processors
OCCAM Ocean Circulation and Climate Advanced Ocean Model
NEMO Nucleus for European Modelling of the Ocean
OPYC The Ocean IsoPYCnal General Circulation Model [3][4]
POM Princeton Ocean Model
POP The Parallel Ocean Program
ROMS The Regional Ocean Modeling System

Integrated ocean modeling systems[further explanation needed]Edit

Integrated ocean modeling systems use multiple coupled models. This coupling allows researchers to understand processes that happen among multiple systems that are usually modeled independently, such as the ocean, atmosphere, waves, and sediments. Integrated ocean modeling systems is helpful for specific regions: for example, the ESPreSSO model is used to study the Mid-Atlantic Bight region. Integrated ocean modeling systems often use data from buoys and weather stations for atmospheric forcing and boundary conditions. Two examples of integrated ocean modeling systems are:

  • COAWST: Coupled Ocean Atmosphere Wave Sediment Transport Modeling System [5] (uses ROMS as its ocean circulation component).[6]
  • ESPreSSO: Experimental System for Predicting Shelf and Slope Optics (uses ROMS as its ocean circulation component).[7][8]


  1. ^ Wolff J-O, Maier-Reimer E, Legutke S (1997) The Hamburg Ocean Primitive Equation Model HOPE. DKRZ report 13, Hamburg, Germany, doi:10.2312/WDCC/DKRZ_Report_No13.
  2. ^ Maier-Reimer E, Mikolajewicz U (1992) The Hamburg Large Scale Geostrophic Ocean General Circulation Model (Cycle 1). DKRZ report 2, Hamburg, Germany, doi:10.2312/WDCC/DKRZ_Report_No02.
  3. ^ Oberhuber JM (1993) Simulation of the Atlantic circulation with a coupled sea ice-mixed layer-isopycnal general circulation model, part I: model description. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 23, 808–829 doi:10.1175/1520-0485(1993)023<0808:SOTACW>2.0.CO;2.
  4. ^ Oberhuber JM (1993) The OPYC Ocean General Circulation Model. DKRZ report 7, Hamburg, Germany, doi:10.2312/WDCC/DKRZ_Report_No07.
  5. ^ Warner, John C.; Armstrong, Brandy; He, Ruoying; Zambon, Joseph B. (2010). "Development of a Coupled Ocean–Atmosphere–Wave–Sediment Transport (COAWST) Modeling System". Ocean Modelling. 35 (3): 230–244. Bibcode:2010OcMod..35..230W. doi:10.1016/j.ocemod.2010.07.010. hdl:1912/4099. ISSN 1463-5003.
  6. ^ "COAWST". Retrieved 2019-02-08.
  7. ^ Wilkin, John; Zavala-Garay, Javier; Levin, Julia. "Integrating modeling and data assimilation using ROMS with a Coastal Ocean Observing System for the US Middle Atlantic Bight" (PDF). Workshop Report: The Australian Coastal and Oceans Modelling and Observations Workshop (ACOMO 2012). p. 3. Retrieved 2016-10-25.
  8. ^ "ESPRESSO ocean modeling from Rutgers ROMS group". Retrieved 2019-02-08.