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List of highest railways

A train pulled by an NJ2 locomotive travels on the Qinghai–Tibet Railway.

This article lists the highest railways in the world.[1] Before the opening of the Qinghai–Tibet Railway in 2006, a line passing through Tanggula Mountains and Tanggula Pass, the highest three railways were located in the Andean countries of Peru and Bolivia. The list only includes non-cable railways whose culminating point is over 2,000 metres above sea level.

For a list by country, see List of highest railways by country.

ListEdit

CompletedEdit

Rank Railway line Highest point Highest elevation Country Opened Notes
1 Xining–Golmud–Lhasa Tanggula 5,068 m (16,627 ft)   China 2006
2 Lima–Huancayo Ticlio 4,829 m (15,843 ft)[3][4]   Peru 1893 Highest railway in the Americas
3 Rio Mulatos–Potosí Cóndor 4,786 m (15,702 ft)   Bolivia  
4 Cuzco-Lake Titicaca La Raya 4,313 m (14,150 ft)   Peru  
5 Salta–Antofagasta La Polvorilla 4,220 m (13,845 ft)   Argentina
  Chile
1948 "Tren a las Nubes" tourist service between Salta and La Polvorilla
6 Quito-Guayaquil Urbina 3,609 m (11,841 ft)   Ecuador 1908 Reopened 2011
7 Lanzhou–Xinjiang High-Speed Railway Qilianshan No.2 Tunnel 3,608 m (11,837 ft)   China 2014 Highest high-speed railway
8 Jungfraubahn Jungfraujoch 3,454 m (11,332 ft)[5]    Switzerland 1912 Highest railway in Europe, underground above 2,350 m.[5][6]
9 Leadville, Colorado and Southern Railroad Leadville 3,414 m (11,201 ft)   USA Highest Adhesion railway in North America
10 Gornergratbahn Gornergrat 3,090 m (10,138 ft)    Switzerland 1898 Highest open-air railway in Europe
11 Cumbres and Toltec Scenic Railroad Cumbres Pass 3,054 m (10,020 ft)   USA 1881 Highest narrow gauge railroad in North America
12 Yuergou–Yanqi Railway Kuixian Tunnel 2,980 m (9,777 ft)   China 1978 Main line of Southern Xinjiang Railway before 2014
13 Durango and Silverton Narrow Gauge Railroad Silverton 2,837 m (9,308 ft)   USA 1881
14 Union Pacific Railroad, Moffat Tunnel Subdivision Moffat Tunnel 2,816 m (9,239 ft)   USA 1928 Apex in tunnel; highest point in Amtrak network, used by California Zephyr
15 Uganda Railway Baringo County, Kenya 2,785 m (9,137 ft)   Kenya 1930 Highest railway in Africa
16 Lanzhou–Xinjiang Railway Wushaoling Tunnel 2,663 m (8,737 ft)   China 2006
17 Bavarian Zugspitze Railway Schneefernerhaus 2,650 m (8,694 ft)   Germany 1930 Underground above 1,640 m
18 Lanzhou–Chongqing Railway Muzhailing Tunnel 2,549 m (8,363 ft)[7]   China 2017
19 Alishan Forest Railway Chushan 2,451 m (8,041 ft)   Taiwan 1986 Highest railway in Taiwan
20 Massawa–Asmara Railway Asmara 2,394 m (7,854 ft)   Eritrea 1911 Highest railway in Eritrea
21 Tramway du Mont-Blanc[8] Nid d'aigle de Bionnassay 2,380 m (7,808 ft)   France 1909
22 BNSF Raton Pass Line Raton Pass 2,312 m (7,585 ft)   USA 1879 Highest point on the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway; continues to be used by Amtrak's Southwest Chief.
23 Addis Ababa–Djibouti Railway Addis Ababa 2,293 m (7,523 ft)   Ethiopia 2018 Highest railway in Ethiopia
24 Darjeeling Himalayan Railway Ghum 2,257 m (7,405 ft)   India 1891 Highest railway in India
25 Bernina Railway Ospizio Bernina 2,253 m (7,392 ft)    Switzerland 1909 Highest rail crossing in Europe[9]
26 Chengdu–Kunming Railway Shamalada Tunnel 2,244 m (7,362 ft)[10]   China 1969
27 Nilgiri Mountain Railway Ooty 2,210 m (7,251 ft)[11]   India 1908 Highest railway in south India
28 Overland Route Donner Pass 2,151 m (7,057 ft)   USA 1869 Part of First Transcontinental Railroad
29 Kalka–Shimla Railway Shimla 2,086 m (6,844 ft)[12]   India 1898
30 Pilatus Railway Pilatus 2,073 m (6,801 ft)    Switzerland 1889 Steepest non-cable railway in the world[13]
31 Matterhorn Gotthard Bahn Oberalp Pass 2,043 m (6,703 ft)    Switzerland 1926

Closed railwaysEdit

Rank Railway line Highest point Highest elevation Country Opened / closed Notes
1 Manitou and Pike's Peak Railway Pikes Peak Summit 4,301 m (14,111 ft)[14]   USA 1891 / 2017 Highest railway in North America. Might reopen in 2020 [15]
2 Denver South Park & Pacific Alpine Tunnel 3,512 m (11,522 ft)   USA 1882 / 1910
3 Mendoza–Los Andes Los Caracoles 3,176 m (10,420 ft)   Argentina
  Chile
1910 / 1984
4 DRG&W Tennessee Pass Route Tennessee Pass 3,116 m (10,223 ft)   USA 1881 / 1997 Out of service. Can be reactivated if traffic permits.
5 Dumaresq–Glen Innes Ben Lomond 1,363 m (4,472 ft)   Australia August 19, 1884 /
December 10, 1985
Formerly the highest station in Australia

GalleryEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Infos at mikes.railhistory.railfan.net
  2. ^ "World's highest railway station enters key construction period". Canada Tibet Committee. July 28, 2005. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
  3. ^ Bennett, Suzy (October 2003). "A train journey through the Peruvian Andes". Wanderlust. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
  4. ^ "Our Train - The Highest in the World". Incas del Peru. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
  5. ^ a b Jungfraubahnen. "Jungfraujoch - Top of Europe". Jungfrau Ski Region. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
  6. ^ Switzerland Tourism. "Highest railway in Europe". My Switzerland. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
  7. ^ https://wk.baidu.com/view/2ed2676d0066f5335a812149?pcf=2#1. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  8. ^ http://www.compagniedumontblanc.fr/fr/presentation-des-sites/tramway-du-mont-blanc
  9. ^ Nicola Williams, Damien Simonis, Kerry Walker. Switzerland (ebook Edition). Lonely Planet
  10. ^ "发现金口河大峡谷".
  11. ^ "Ooty Railway Station". indiarailinfo.com.
  12. ^ "Shimla Railway Station". indiarailinfo.com.
  13. ^ Engineering Magazine, Volume 14, p. 81
  14. ^ Manitou & Pike's Peak Cog Railway. "Along The Route". Pikes Peak Cog Railway. Retrieved December 6, 2012.
  15. ^ "Plan To Rebuild Cog Railway Chugs Ahead". CBS Denver. CBS Denver. Retrieved 14 June 2018.