List of cassava diseases

This article is a list of diseases of cassava (Manihot esculenta).

Bacterial and Phytoplasma diseases edit

Bacterial and mycoplasma-like diseases
Antholysis Phytoplasma[which?] (Candidatus Phytoplasma spp.)
Witches' broom Phytoplasma[which?] (Candidatus Phytoplasma spp.)
Bacterial blight Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. manihotis
Bacterial angular leaf spot Xanthomonas campestris pv. cassavae
Bacterial stem gall Agrobacterium tumefaciens Biovar 1
Bacterial stem rot Erwinia carotovora subsp. carotovora
Bacterial wilt Erwinia herbicola (syn. Pantoea agglomerans)

Fungal diseases edit

Fungal diseases

Colletotrichum gloeosporioides

= Colletotrichum gloeosporoides f.sp. manihotis

Glomerella cingulata [teleomorph]
Colletotrichum graminicola

Glomerella graminicola [teleomorph]
Armillaria root rot (shoestring root rot)

Armillaria mellea

Rhizomorpha subcorticalis [anaomorph]
Black root and stem rot

Scytalidium sp.[which?]

Hendersonula toruloidea [syanamorph]
Blight leaf spot Cercospora vicosae
Brown leaf spot

Cercosporidium henningsii

Mycosphaerella henningsii [teleomorph]
Cassava ash Oidium manihotis
Concentric ring leaf spot

Phyllosticta manihotae
P. manihoticola

Dematophora root rot (Rosellinia root rot)

Dematophora necatrix

Rosellinia necatrix [teleomorph]
Diplodia root and stem rot Diplodia manihoti
Fusarium root rot

Fusarium oxysporum
F. solani

Nectria haematococca [teleomorph]
Rigidopurus root rot

Rigidoporus microporus

= Rigidoporus lignosus
Rust Uromyces spp.[which?]
Sclerotium root rot (southern blight)

Sclerotium rolfsii

Athelia rolfsii [teleomorph]

Sphaceloma manihoticola

Elsinoë brasiliensis [teleomorph]
Verticillium root and stem rot Verticillium dahliae
White leaf spot Phaeoramularia manihotis

Oomycete diseases edit

Oomycete diseases
Phytophthora root rot

P. cryptogea
P. drechsleri
P. erythroseptica
P. nicotianae var. parasitica

Pythium root rot Pythium spp.[which?]

Miscellaneous diseases and disorders edit

Miscellaneous diseases and disorders
Post-harvest root rot Physiologic and pathogenic deteriorations
Root smallpox disease Microbial rotting after feeding by Cyrtomenus bergi

Viral diseases edit

Viruses are a severe problem in the tropics. Viruses are the primary reason for the complete lack of yield increases in the 25 years up to 2019.[1]

Viral diseases
African cassava mosaic African cassava mosaic virus (ACMV)
Cassava brown streak disease Cassava brown streak virus[2] (CBSV)
Cassava common mosaic Cassava common mosaic virus (CsCMV)
Cassava frogskin Cassava Frogskin-Associated Virus [3] (CsFSaV)
Cassava green mottle Cassava green mottle virus[4] (CGMV)
Cassava symptomless infections Cassava American latent virus (CsAlV)

Cassava Ivorian bacilliform virus[5] (CIBV)

Cassava vein mosaic Cassava vein mosaic virus (CsVMV)
Indian cassava mosaic Indian cassava mosaic virus (ICMV)

References edit

  1. ^ Afedraru, Lominda (2019-01-31). "Uganda to launch innovative gene-edited cassava research". Alliance for Science. Retrieved 2021-08-15.
  2. ^ McGrath, Matt (2011-11-17). "UN warns of staple crop virus 'epidemic'". BBC News. Retrieved Jun 29, 2019.
  3. ^ Di Feo, L.; Zanini, A.; Rodríguez Pardina, P.; Cuervo, M.; Carvajal-Yepes, M.; Cuellar, W. J. (2015). "First Report of Cassava common mosaic virus and Cassava frogskin-associated virus Infecting Cassava in Argentina". Plant Disease. 99 (5). American Phytopathological Society (APS): 733. doi:10.1094/PDIS-10-14-1088-PDN. hdl:10568/66634.
  4. ^ "Cassava green mottle". Retrieved Jun 29, 2019.
  5. ^ Scott SW, MacFarlane SA, McGavin WJ, Fargette D. (May 17, 2014). "Cassava Ivorian bacilliform virus is a member of the genus Anulavirus". Arch. Virol. 159 (10): 2791–3. doi:10.1007/s00705-014-2086-3. PMID 24838850. S2CID 254061653.{{cite journal}}: CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)