List of battles and other violent events by death toll

This article lists mortalities from battles and individual military operations or acts of violence, sorted by death toll. For wars and events more extensive in scope, see List of wars and anthropogenic disasters by death toll. For natural disasters, see List of natural disasters by death toll.

Battles and siegesEdit

Bombing campaignsEdit

 
Dresden after being bombed

This section lists bombing campaigns in which at least 1,000 individuals may have been killed.

World War IIEdit

Post-World War IIEdit

Individual air raidsEdit

This section lists individual air campaigns in which at least 500 individuals may have been killed.

World War IIEdit

OtherEdit

War-related ship disastersEdit

This section lists the ships which were sunk as well as their fatalities in relations to war, whether against enemy, friendly, or neutral ships.

Prior to World War IEdit

Estimate of death toll Name Country Ship type Principal casualties Where sunk Date
1,300–1,900 Sultana   United States Transport steamboat U.S. POWs formerly held by the Confederate army Mississippi River, near Memphis April 27, 1865[13]
900 HMS Victory   Great Britain 2nd-rate Crew English Channel[14] October 3, 1744
882–949 Soleil Royal   France 1st-rate Crew English Channel June 3, 1692
838 HMS St George   United Kingdom 1st-rate Crew North Sea December 24, 1811
800+ Kronan   Sweden 1st-rate Crew Baltic Sea June 1, 1676
800+ HMS Royal George   Great Britain 1st-rate Crew Spithead August 29, 1782
800 HMS Association   Great Britain 2nd-rate Crew Isles of Scilly October 22, 1707
699 HMS Ramilles   Great Britain 3rd-rate Crew Bolt Head February 15, 1760
673 HMS Queen Charlotte   Great Britain 1st-rate Crew Livorno March 17, 1800
566 General Lyon   United States Transport Discharged U.S. soldiers, Confederate POWs Cape Hatteras March 31, 1865
600 HMS Hero   United Kingdom 3rd-rate Crew Wadden Sea December 28, 1811
555 HMS Defence   United Kingdom 3rd-rate Crew North Sea December 24, 1811
380 Mary Rose   England Carrack Soldiers, crew The Solent July 19, 1545
372 Arniston   United Kingdom East Indiaman Soldiers, crew and their families Cape Agulhas May 30, 1815

World War IEdit

The loss of two British cruisers to a German naval squadron at the Battle of Coronel on 1 November 1914 was followed by the Battle of the Falkland Islands on 8 December where most of the German force was destroyed. The Battle of Jutland on 31 May 1916 was the largest naval battle during World War I and resulted in the loss of three British battlecruisers and three armored cruisers.

Estimate of death toll Name Country Ship type Principal casualties Where sunk Date
1,926 Principe Umberto   Italy Troopship Crew, troops Adriatic Sea June 8, 1916
1,450 HMS Aboukir, Hogue and Cressy   United Kingdom Armored cruisers Crew North Sea, near the Netherlands September 22, 1914
1,255 HMS Queen Mary   United Kingdom Battlecruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
1,198 RMS Lusitania   United Kingdom Ocean liner Crew, weapons and ammunition Celtic Sea May 7, 1915
1,015 HMS Invincible   United Kingdom Battlecruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
1,013 HMS Indefatigable   United Kingdom Battlecruiser Crew North sea May 31, 1916
903 HMS Defence   United Kingdom Armored cruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
919[15] HMS Good Hope   United Kingdom Armored cruiser Crew Off of Coronel, Chile November 1, 1914
843 HMS Vanguard   United Kingdom Battleship Crew Scapa Flow, Scotland July 19, 1917
839 SMS Pommern   Germany Pre-dreadnought battleship Crew North Sea June 1, 1916
782 SMS Blücher   Germany Armored cruiser Crew Dogger Bank January 24, 1915
860[16] SMS Scharnhorst   Germany Armored cruiser Crew Falkland Islands December 8, 1914
737 HMS Hampshire   United Kingdom Armored cruiser Crew, including Secretary of State for War Lord Kitchener Orkney May 28, 1916
735[15] HMS Monmouth   United Kingdom Armored cruiser Crew Off of Coronel, Chile November 1, 1914
738 HMS Bulwark   United Kingdom Battleship Crew Sheerness November 26, 1914
857 HMS Black Prince   United Kingdom Armored cruiser Crew North Sea May 31, 1916
684 Léon Gambetta   France Armored cruiser Crew Cephalonia April 29, 1915
646 SS Mendi   United Kingdom Troopship Troops English Channel Feb 21, 1917
650 Bouvet   France Pre-dreadnought battleship Crew Dardanelles March 18, 1915
501 RMS Leinster   United Kingdom Mail ship Military personnel Irish Sea October 10, 1918
598[16] SMS Gneisenau   Germany Armored cruiser Crew Falkland Islands December 8, 1914
570 HMS Goliath   United Kingdom Battleship Crew Dardanelles May 13, 1915
524 HMS Hawke   United Kingdom Cruiser Crew North Sea October 15, 1914

Interwar periodEdit

Estimate of death toll Name Country Ship type Principal casualties Where sunk Date
3 USS Panay (PR-5)   United States River gunboat Crew Yangtze River December 12, 1937

World War IIEdit

Estimate of death toll Name Country Ship type Principal casualties Where sunk Date
9,000[17] Wilhelm Gustloff   Germany Cruise ship German refugees from German-occupied Poland Baltic Sea January 30, 1945
6,000–6,700[18] Goya   Germany Troopship Wounded, refugees Baltic Sea April 16, 1945
5,000–7,000[19] Armenia   Soviet Union Hospital ship Wounded, refugees Black Sea November 7, 1941
5,000–7,000[20] Cap Arcona   Germany Prison ship Concentration camp prisoners Baltic Sea May 3, 1945
5,620[21] Junyō Maru   Japan Hell ship Japanese laborers and Allied POWs Indian Ocean September 18, 1944
5,400[22] Toyama Maru   Japan Troopship Troops Sea of Japan June 29, 1944
4,998[23] Ryusei Maru   Japan Troopship Troops Bali Sea February 25, 1944
4,755[24] Tamatsu Maru   Japan Troopship Troops Off Luzon August 19, 1944
3,900[25]–5,000[26][self-published source?] Totila   Germany Cargo ship Troops Crimean Peninsula May 10, 1944
4,074[27] Oria   Germany Troopship Italian POWs Cape Sounion February 12, 1944
3,850[28] Orion   Germany Auxiliary cruiser Refugees Baltic Sea May 4, 1945
3,000–5,800[29]
HMT Lancastria   United Kingdom Troopship Troops, refugees Bay of Biscay June 17, 1940
2,000–4,000 Teja   Germany Cargo ship Troops Crimean Peninsula May 10, 1944
2,000–5,400[30] Ural Maru   Japan Troopship Wounded, troops South China Sea September 27, 1944
3,536[31] Mayasan Maru   Japan Troopship Troops East China Sea August 17, 1944
3,000–4,000[32] General von Steuben   Germany Passenger ship Wounded, refugees Baltic Sea February 10, 1945
3,219[33] Nikkin Maru   Japan Troopship Troops Yellow Sea June 30, 1944
3,055[34][35]–3,063[36] Yamato   Japan Battleship Crew Sea of Japan April 7, 1945
3,000[37] Tango Maru   Japan Hell ship Javanese laborers and Allied POWs Bali Sea February 25, 1944
2,765.[38] Lima Maru   Japan Troopship Troops southeast of the Gotō Islands February 8, 1944
2,750[39] Thielbek   Germany Prison ship Concentration camp prisoners Baltic Sea May 3, 1945
2,750[40] Lenin   Soviet Union Passenger ship Passengers, troops Black Sea July 27, 1941
2,700[citation needed] Moero   Germany Hospital ship Soldiers and civilians from Estonia Baltic Sea September 22, 1944
2,670[41] Petrella   Germany Cargo liner Italian POWs Suda Bay, Crete February 8, 1944
2,665[42] Teia Maru   Japan Troopship Troops Off of Luzon August 18, 1944
2,586[25] Yoshida Maru No. 1   Japan Troopship Troops Off of Luzon April 26, 1944
2,571[43] Rigel   Norway Cargo ship Troops, Soviet POWs Off Norway November 27, 1944
2,475[25] Sakito Maru   Japan Troopship Troops 625 miles east of Taiwan March 1, 1944
2,300[44] Akitsu Maru   Japan Escort aircraft carrier Troops Manila Bay November 15, 1944
2,134[45] Hawaii Maru   Japan Troopship Troops East China Sea December 2, 1944
2,114[46] Edogawa Maru   Japan Troopship Troops Yellow sea[47] November 18, 1944
2,100+[48] Bismarck   Germany Battleship Crew Atlantic Ocean May 27, 1941
2,098[49] Sinfra   Germany Cargo ship Italian POWs Suda Bay, Crete October 20, 1943
2,035[50] Kamakura Maru   Japan Troopship Soldiers and civilians Philippines Sea April 28, 1943
2,003[51] Awa Maru   Japan Hospital ship[52] Civilians Taiwan Straits April 1, 1945
2,000[53] Dainichi Maru   Japan Hell ship, troopship Troops Philippines Sea October 8, 1943
2,000[54] Salzburg   Germany Cargo liner Russian POWs Black Sea October 1, 1942
2,000 Iosif Stalin   Soviet Union Passenger ship Troops, crew Baltic Sea December 3, 1941
1,932[55] Scharnhorst   Germany Battleship Crew Arctic Ocean December 26, 1943
1,796[56] Gaetano Donizetti   Germany Cargo ship Italian POWs Aegean Sea September 23, 1943
1,777[57] Arisan Maru   Japan Hell ship U.S. POWs China Sea October 24, 1944
1,747[58] Arabia Maru   Japan Troopship Troops South China Sea October 18, 1944
1,700[59] Takahito Maru   Japan Hospital ship Wounded, civilians Taiwan Strait March 19, 1943
1,658[60] RMS Laconia   United Kingdom Armed merchant cruiser Italian POWs, civilians South Atlantic September 12, 1942
660[61]–1,650[62] Taihō   Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Philippine Sea Mar 7, 1944
1,636[63] Yamashiro   Japan Battleship Crew Surigao Strait October 25, 1944
1,540[64] Koshu Maru   Japan Hell ship Passengers, Allied POWs Indonesia August 4, 1944
1,529[65] Tsushima Maru   Japan Passenger ship Schoolchildren, civilians Sea of Japan August 22, 1944
1,470[66] Chiyoda   Japan Light aircraft carrier Crew Philippines Sea October 25, 1944
1,450[67] Maebashi Maru   Japan Troopship Troops Pacific Ocean September 30, 1943
1,435[68] Shinano   Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Pacific Ocean November 29, 1944
1,430[69] Jinyo Maru   Japan Cargo ship Troops South China Sea December 7, 1944
1,428[70] Shiranesan Maru (I)   Japan Troopship Troops South China Sea October 18, 1944
1,415[71] HMS Hood   United Kingdom Battlecruiser Crew Denmark Strait May 24, 1941
1,400[72] Fusō   Japan Battleship Crew Surigao Strait October 25, 1944
1,400[73] Chikuma   Japan Heavy cruiser Crew Philippine Sea October 25, 1944
1,400[74] Tatsuta Maru   Japan Troopship Troops Sea of Japan February 9, 1943
1,384[75] Fuso Maru   Japan Troopship Troops South China Sea July 31, 1944
1,300[76] Mario Roselli   Germany Cargo ship Italian POWs Corfu Bay October 10, 1943
1,291[77] Conte Rosso   Italy Troopship Troops Mediterranean Sea May 24, 1941
1.288[78] Yasukuni Maru   Japan Troopship Technical personnel Philippines Sea January 31, 1944
1,279[79] Khedive Ismail   Egypt Troopship Troops Indian Ocean February 12, 1944
1,263[80] Shōkaku   Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Philippine Sea June 19, 1944
1,253[81] Roma   Italy Battleship Crew Mediterranean September 8, 1943
1,250[82] Kongō   Japan Battleship Crew Formosa Strait November 21, 1944
1,243[83] Chuyo   Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Izu Islands December 4, 1943
1,240[84] Unryū   Japan Escort aircraft carrier Crew East China Sea December 19, 1944
1,207[85] HMS Glorious   United Kingdom Aircraft carrier Crew Norwegian Sea June 8, 1940
1,177 USS Arizona (BB-39)   United States Battleship Crew Pearl Harbor December 7, 1941
1,159[86] Rakuyo Maru   Japan Hell ship British and Australian POWs South China Sea September 12, 1944
1,138[87] Rohna   United Kingdom Troopship U.S. troops, crew Mediterranean November 26, 1943
1,124[88] Montevideo Maru   Japan Hell ship Australian POWs, civilians Philippine Sea? July 1, 1942
1,121[89] Mutsu   Japan Battleship Crew, flying cadets Hashirajima (Japan) June 8, 1943
1,118[90] Hakozaki Maru   Japan Troopship Troops Yellow Sea March 19, 1945
1,023[91] Musashi   Japan Battleship Crew Leyte Gulf October 24, 1944
1,000[92] Eiwa Maru   Japan Tanker ship Troops South China Sea November 13, 1944
991[93] Galilea   Italy Troopship Italian alpine troops, Italian carabinieri, Greek POWs Mediterranean Sea March 28, 1942
956–1,025[94] Neuwerk   Germany Cargo ship Refugees, railway workers, doctors Baltic Sea April 10, 1945
977[95] Bretagne   France Battleship Crew Mers El Kébir July 3, 1940
850–1,100[96] Shuntien   United Kingdom Defensively equipped merchant ship Italian and German POWs, British soldiers, and crew Mediterranean Sea December 23, 1941
970[97] Karlsruhe   Germany Cargo ship Passengers, crew Baltic sea April 13, 1945
956[98] Taihei Maru   Japan Troopship Troops Sea of Okhotsk July 9, 1944
954[99] Palatia   Germany Passenger ship Crew, Soviet POWs Off Lindesnes October 21, 1942
946[100] Exercise Tiger   United Kingdom Military exercise U.S. troops South Devon April 28, 1944
945[101] Aikoku Maru   Japan Armed merchant cruiser Troops Pacific Ocean February 17, 1944
918[102] Corregidor   United States Ocean liner Passengers, crew South China Sea December 12, 1941
920 Blücher   Germany Heavy cruiser Troops, crew Oslofjord April 9, 1940
903[103] Chitose   Japan Light aircraft carrier Crew Philippines Sea October 25, 1944
800[104]–901[105] Unyō   Japan Escort aircraft carrier Crew South China Sea September 17, 1944
900[106] Haguro   Japan Heavy cruiser Crew Strait of Malacca May 16, 1945
895[107] Tirpitz   Germany Battleship Crew Tromsø November 12, 1944
883[108] USS Indianapolis   United States Heavy cruiser Crew Philippine Sea July 30, 1945
881[109] Nachi   Japan Heavy cruiser Crew Manila Bay November 5, 1944
862[110] HMS Barham   United Kingdom Battleship Crew Mediterranean Sea November 25, 1941
858[111] RMS Nova Scotia   United Kingdom Troopship Passengers, British military and naval personnel, South African guards, Italian civil internees Indian Ocean November 28, 1942
846[112] Lisbon Maru   Japan Hell ship British and Canadian POWs East China Sea October 1, 1942
843[113] Zuikaku   Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Leyte Gulf October 25, 1944
833[114] HMS Royal Oak   United Kingdom Battleship Crew Scapa Flow October 14, 1939
817[115] Taiyo Maru   Japan Passenger ship Passengers, crew East China Sea May 8, 1942
814[116] Kaga   Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Midway June 4, 1942
808[117] Leopoldville   Belgium Troopship U.S. troops English Channel December 24, 1944
791 Struma   Panama Passenger Refugees Black Sea February 24, 1942
718 Sōryū   Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Midway June 4, 1942
693 USS Houston   United States Heavy cruiser Crew Java Sea March 1, 1942
655 Ceramic   United Kingdom Passenger Civilians Atlantic Ocean December 6, 1942
645 HMAS Sydney   Australia Light cruiser Crew Indian Ocean November 19, 1941
631 Shōhō   Japan Aircraft carrier Crew Coral Sea May 7, 1942
549 Ukishima Maru   Japan Transport Korean forced laborers Maizuru, Japan August 24, 1945
518 HMS Courageous   United Kingdom Aircraft carrier Crew Irish coast September 17, 1939
513 HMS Repulse   United Kingdom Battlecruiser Crew South China Sea December 10, 1941
484 Yoma   United Kingdom Troopship Crew, British Army troops, and Free French Navy personnel[118] Mediterranean June 17, 1943
353 HMAS Perth   Australia Light cruiser Crew Sunda Strait March 1, 1942
338 HMS Curacoa   United Kingdom Light cruiser Crew Atlantic Ocean October 2, 1942
327 HMS Prince of Wales   United Kingdom Battleship Crew South China Sea December 10, 1941
271 Ilmarinen   Finland Coastal defence ship Crew Baltic Sea September 13, 1941
159 USS Asheville   United States Gunboat Crew Java Sea March 3, 1942
152 USS Morrison   United States Destroyer Crew East China Sea May 4, 1945
137 Caribou   Newfoundland Ferry Passengers, crew Cabot Strait October 14, 1942

Post-World War IIEdit

Estimate of death toll Name Country Ship type Principal casualties Where sunk Date
2,750 SS Kiangya   China Steamship Refugees Huangpu River, Shanghai December 3, 1948
323 ARA General Belgrano   Argentina Cruiser Crew South Atlantic May 2, 1982
194 INS Khukri   India Frigate Crew Arabian Sea December 8, 1971
34 USS Liberty   United States Spy ship Crew Mediterranean Sea June 8, 1967
20 HMS Sheffield   United Kingdom Guided missile destroyer Crew South Atlantic May 4, 1982
unknown Moskva   Russia Guided missile cruiser Crew Black Sea April 14, 2022

Non-state (terrorist) attacksEdit

This section lists terrorist attacks in which at least 100 individuals were killed.

Estimated death toll Name Motive Country Location Year
2,996
(2,977 + 19 hijackers)
September 11 attacks Islamic extremism, anti-Western and anti-American sentiment   United States New York City, Arlington County, Virginia, and Stonycreek Township (near Shanksville, Pennsylvania) 2001
1,566 Camp Speicher massacre Islamic extremism   Iraq Camp Speicher, Tikrit 2014
1,100 Mai Kadra massacre Disputed; Tigray separatism, Amhara nationalism; Tigray People's Liberation Front or Fano   Ethiopia Mai Kadra 2020
796 2007 Yazidi communities bombings Islamic extremism, Anti-Yazidi sentiment   Iraq Kahtaniya and Adnaniyah 2007
620 2008 Christmas massacres Christian extremism (Lord's Resistance Army)   Democratic Republic of the Congo Haut-Uele District 2008
600–774 1990 massacre of Sri Lankan Police officers Tamil nationalism/separatism   Sri Lanka Eastern Province, Sri Lanka 1990
587 14 October 2017 Mogadishu bombings Islamic extremism   Somalia Mogadishu 2017
449 May 2013 Iraq attacks Anti-Sunnism, Anti-Shi'ism   Iraq Across Iraq 2013
385 Beslan school hostage crisis Islamic extremism/Chechen separatism   Russia Beslan 2004
341 2016 Karrada bombing Islamic extremism   Iraq Baghdad 2016
329 Air India Flight 182 Sikh extremism   Ireland Irish Atlantic airspace 1985
321–345 Makombo massacre Christian extremism (Lord's Resistance Army)   Democratic Republic of the Congo Haut-Uele District 2009
305 2017 Sinai attack Islamic extremism   Egypt Bir al-Abed 2017
300+ 2014 Gamboru Ngala attack Islamic extremism   Nigeria Gamboru Ngala 2014
300 2016 Mosul massacre Islamic extremism   Iraq Mosul 2016
300 Hamam al-Alil massacre Islamic extremism   Iraq Hamam al-Alil 2016
300 Atiak massacre Christian extremism (Lord's Resistance Army)   Uganda Atiak 1995
293 Russian apartment bombings Disputed   Russia Moscow, Volgodonsk, Buynaksk 1999
277 2019 Sri Lanka Easter bombings Islamic extremism   Sri Lanka Colombo, Dehiwala, Negombo and Batticaloa 2019
270 Pan Am Flight 103 Disputed   United Kingdom Lockerbie, Scotland 1988
257 1993 Bombay bombings Islamic extremism   India Bombay 1993
252 2001 Angola train attack Separatism   Angola 2001
245+ Massacre of Trujillo Right-wing terrorism   Colombia Trujillo, Valle del Cauca 1990
244 1979 Grand Mosque seizure Islamic extremism   Saudi Arabia Mecca 1979
238 MV Dara Unknown; possibly Omani separatists Southwest Asia Persian Gulf 1961
258–270 Kobani massacre Islamic extremism   Syria Kobani 2015
224 Metrojet Flight 9268 Islamic extremism   Egypt Sinai Peninsula 2015
224 1998 United States embassy bombings Islamic extremism (see more detailed explanation)   Kenya

  Tanzania

Nairobi,
Dar es Salaam
1998
215 23 November 2006 Sadr City bombings Islamic extremism   Iraq Sadr City 2006
209 2006 Mumbai train bombings Islamic extremism   India Mumbai 2006
202 2002 Bali bombings Retaliation for the War on terror and the Australian intervention in East Timor   Indonesia Bali 2002
200–800 Rais massacre Islamic extremism   Algeria village of Rais, near Sidi Moussa and south of Algiers 1997
200–400 Bentalha massacre Islamic extremism   Algeria village of Bentalha about 15 km south of Algiers 1997
200+ 2022 Zamfara massacres Unknown, possibly a revenge attack   Nigeria Numerous villages in Anka and Bukkuyum, Zamfara 2022
198 18 April 2007 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism   Iraq Baghdad 2007
193 2004 Madrid train bombings Islamic extremism   Spain Madrid 2004
185 20 January 2012 Nigeria attacks Islamic extremism   Nigeria Mubi, Yola, Gombi, Maiduguri and Kano 2012
184+ Jableh and Tartous bombings Islamic extremism   Syria Jableh and Tartous 2016
182+ 2021 Kabul airport attack Islamic extremism   Afghanistan Kabul 2021
180 2007 Karachi bombing Islamic extremism   Pakistan Karachi 2007
178+ 2004 Ashura bombings in Iraq Islamic extremism   Iraq Kerbala and Baghdad 2004
175 2008 Mumbai attacks Islamic extremism   India Mumbai 2008
170 Moscow theater hostage crisis Chechen separatism   Russia Moscow 2002
168 Kizlyar-Pervomayskoye hostage crisis Chechen separatism   Russia Kizlyar, Pervomayskoye [ru], and Sovetskoye 1996
168 Oklahoma City bombing Militia movement   United States Oklahoma City 1995
166+ Palliyagodella massacre Tamil nationalism/separatism   Sri Lanka Palliyagodella 1992
165+ 2000 Walisongo school massacre Christian terrorism   Indonesia Poso 2000
160 March 2019 attacks against Fulani herders Reprisal against Islamic extremism   Mali Ogossagou and Welingara 2019
156 2014 Peshawar school attack Islamic extremism   Pakistan Peshawar 2014
155 October 2009 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism   Iraq Baghdad 2009
154 13 July 2018 Pakistan bombings Islamic extremism   Pakistan Mastung, Bannu 2018
152 2015 Garissa University College attack Islamic extremism   Kenya Garissa 2015
152 2007 Tal Afar bombings and massacre Islamic extremism   Iraq Tal Afar 2007
90–150+ May 2017 Kabul attack Unknown   Afghanistan Kabul 2017
150–2,000 2015 Baga massacre Islamic extremism   Nigeria Baga 2015
150 St Nedelya Church assault   Bulgaria Sofia 1925
148 Gyaneshwari Express train derailment Maoism   India West Midnapore 2010
147 Kattankudy mosque massacre Tamil nationalism/separatism   Sri Lanka Kattankudy 1990
146 Anuradhapura massacre Tamil nationalism/separatism   Sri Lanka Anuradhapura 1996
145 July 2015 Kukawa massacre Islamic extremism   Nigeria Kukawa 2015
145 September 2015 Maiduguri bombing Islamic extremism   Nigeria Maiduguri 2015
142 2015 Sana'a mosque bombings Islamic extremism   Yemen Sana'a 2015
141 2019 Kaduna State massacre Islamic extremism   Nigeria Kaduna State 2019
141 Brak El-Shati airbase raid Islamic extremism   Libya Wadi al Shatii District 2017
140–256 2017 Camp Shaheen attack Islamic extremism   Afghanistan Mazar-e-Sharif 2017
140 Budyonnovsk hospital hostage crisis Chechen separatism   Russia Budyonnovsk 1995
137 November 2015 Paris attacks Islamic extremism   France Paris 2015
135 February 3, 2007 Baghdad market bombing Islamic extremism   Iraq Baghdad 2007
134 February 2016 Sayyidah Zaynab bombings Islamic extremism   Iraq Sayyidah Zaynab 2016
133+ January 2011 Iraq suicide attacks Islamic extremism   Iraq 2011
132 January 2016 Iraq attacks Islamic extremism   Iraq Baghdad Miqdadiyah 2016
130 2015 Khan Bani Saad bombing Islamic extremism   Iraq Khan Bani Saad 2015
130 Rafiganj train disaster Maoism   India Rafiganj 2002
127 Peshawar church attack Islamic extremism   Pakistan Peshawar 2013
127 December 2009 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism   Iraq Baghdad 2009
127 2005 Al Hillah bombing Unknown   Iraq Al Hillah 2005
127 Aluth Oya massacre Tamil nationalism/separatism   Sri Lanka Aluth Oya 1987
126 2017 Aleppo suicide car bombing Unknown   Syria Aleppo 2017
125 November 2016 Hillah suicide truck bombing Islamic extremism   Iraq Hillah 2016
125 Ethiopian Airlines Flight 961 Unknown Indian Ocean 1996
120+ 5 January 2006 Iraq bombings Islamic extremism   Iraq Karbala, Ramadi 2006
120 October 1995 Eastern Sri Lanka massacres Tamil nationalism/separatism   Sri Lanka Eastern Province 1995
120 2007 Al Hillah bombings Islamic extremism   Iraq Al Hillah 2007
120 2012 Sana'a bombing Islamic extremism   Yemen Sana'a 2012
120 Palace of Justice siege 19th of April Movement   Colombia Bogotá 1985
119 Bojayá massacre Far-left FARC paramilitary forces fighting far-right AUC paramilitary forces   Colombia Choco 2002
117 28 October 2009 Peshawar bombing Islamic extremism   Pakistan Peshawar 2009
117 2004 Irbil bombings Islamic extremism   Iraq Irbil 2004
116 2004 SuperFerry 14 bombing Islamic extremism   Philippines 2004
115 2006 São Paulo violence outbreak Penitentiary riots   Brazil São Paulo 2006
114+ 10 May 2010 Iraq attacks Islamic extremism   Iraq Baghdad 2010
114 March 2017 Damascus bombings Islamic extremism   Syria Damascus 2017
113+ 2 November 2010 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism   Iraq Baghdad 2010
113 Colombo Central Bus Station bombing Tamil nationalism/separatism   Sri Lanka Colombo 1987
112 September 14, 2005 Baghdad bombing Islamic extremism   Iraq Baghdad 2005
112 Avianca Flight 203 Narcoterrorism   Colombia 1989
112 Gulf Air Flight 771 Palestinian nationalism   United Arab Emirates Dubai 1983
110 10 October 2008 Orakzai bombing Islamic extremism   Pakistan Orakzai 2008
109 2015 Ankara bombings Islamic extremism   Turkey Ankara 2015
105 2010 Lakki Marwat suicide bombing Islamic extremism   Pakistan Lakki Marwat 2010
104 Mohmand Agency attack Islamic extremism   Pakistan Mohmand Agency 2010
103 2018 Kabul ambulance bombing Islamic extremism   Afghanistan Kabul 2018
102+ December 2016 Aden suicide bombings Islamic extremism   Yemen Aden 2016
102 First Tyre truck bombing attack Islamic extremism   Lebanon Tyre 1982
101 May 2016 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism   Iraq Baghdad 2016
101 19 August 2009 Baghdad bombings Islamic extremism   Iraq Baghdad 2009
100+ March 2017 Kabul attack Islamic extremism   Afghanistan Kabul 2017
100+ 2022 Seytenga massacre Islamic extremism   Burkina Faso Seytenga Department 2022
100+ 2011 Damaturu attacks Islamic extremism   Nigeria 2011
100 2011 Mogadishu bombing Islamic extremism   Somalia Mogadishu 2011
100 2008 Kandahar bombing Islamic extremism   Afghanistan Kandahar 2008
100 Musayyib fuel tanker bombing Islamic extremism   Iraq Musayyib 2005
100 Malaysian Airline System Flight 653 hijacking Unknown, likely left-wing terrorism   Malaysia Tanjung Kupang 1977
100 Bolgrad palace bombing Soviet-sponsored Ukrainian separatism[citation needed]   Romania Bolgrad 1921

Mass unrest, riots and pogromsEdit

This section lists events in which at least 100 individuals were killed from riots or mass unrest.

Estimate of death toll Name Country Location(s) Date
200,000–2,000,000 Partition of India   British India (modern-day   India,   Pakistan, and   Bangladesh) Nationwide 1947
200,000–300,000 La Violencia   Colombia Nationwide 1948–1960
85,000–87,000 1959 Tibetan uprising   Tibet (annexed by   China) Lhasa 1959
60,000–80,000 Massacre of the Latins Byzantium (modern-day   Turkey) Constantinople 1182
10,000–40,000 1932 Salvadoran peasant uprising   El Salvador 1932
30,000 Adana massacre   Ottoman Empire (modern-day   Turkey) Adana 1909
30,000 Nika riots Byzantium Constantinople 532
10,000–30,000 February 28 Incident   China (present-day   Taiwan) 1947
5,000–30,000 St. Bartholomew's Day massacre   France Paris 1572
10,000–20,000 Romanian Peasants' Revolt   Romania 1907
6,667–20,000 La semaine sanglante   France Paris 1871
13,000–15,500 August Uprising   Soviet Union (modern-day   Georgia) Georgia 1924
14,028 Jeju Uprising   Southern Korea (present-day   South Korea) Jeju island 1948
13,266 Iași pogrom   Romania Iaşi 1941
300–10,454 Tiananmen Square protests of 1989   China Beijing 1989
3,000–10,000 8888 Uprising   Myanmar 1987–1993
2,800–8,000 1984 anti-Sikh riots   India New Delhi 1984
7,500 March 1st Movement   Japanese Korea (present-day   South Korea) Keijo (present-day Seoul) 1919
4,179–4,354 Second Intifada   Israel
  Palestinian territories
2000–2005
4,000 1066 Granada massacre   Granada (modern-day   Spain) Granada 1066
132–4,000 1905 Bloody Sunday   Russia Saint Petersburg 1905
3,800 Pitchfork Uprising   Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (modern-day   Russian Federation) 1920
2,781 Iranian Revolution[119]   Iran 1979
2,300 Santa María School massacre   Chile Iquique 1907
2,204 First Intifada   Israel
  Palestinian territories
1987-1993
2,000 Gwangju Uprising   South Korea Gwangju 1980
100–2,000 Banana Massacre   Colombia Ciénaga 1928
1,900 Lisbon massacre   Portugal Lisbon 1506
1,652[120] 1994 South African transitional violence   South Africa 1994
1,526 Jallianwala Bagh (Amritsar) massacre   British India (modern-day   India) Amritsar 1919
187-1,500 Andijan massacre   Uzbekistan Andijan 2005
1,000–1,200 May 1998 riots of Indonesia   Indonesia Jakarta, Medan, Surakarta 1998
1,104 Romanian Revolution of 1989   Romania Bucharest and major cities 1989
1,000 Kronstadt rebellion   Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic (modern-day   Russian Federation) Kronstadt 1921
1,000[121][122] 2008 Kenyan election protests   Kenya 2008
500–1,000[123][124] 2005 Togolese democracy protests   Togo 2005
893 2010 South Kyrgyzstan ethnic clashes   Kyrgyzstan 2010
855+ Assam Movement   India 1979–1985
121–797 Euromaidan   Ukraine Kyiv 2014
175-780 Farhud   Iraq Baghdad 1941
700 Kengir uprising   Soviet Union (modern-day   Kazakhstan) 1954
510[125] Mangalmé riots   Chad Guéra Prefecture 1965
100–600 Soweto uprising   South Africa Soweto 1976
322–420 Lwów pogrom (1918)   Poland Lwów 1918
400 Iranian pilgrim riot   Saudi Arabia Mecca 1987
360+ Telangana movement (Hyderabad)   India Hyderabad 1969
338 Tunisian Revolution   Tunisia 2010–2011
317[126] 2018–2020 Nicaraguan protests   Nicaragua Nationwide 2018
75–300 Tulsa Race Massacre   United States Tulsa, Oklahoma 1921
285 Gordon Riots   Great Britain 1780
249 1929 Palestine riots   Mandatory Palestine (modern-day   Israel and   Palestinian territories) 1929
105–242 Elaine massacre   United States Elaine, Arkansas 1919
215 Military Police of Espírito Santo strike   Brazil Espírito Santo 2017
32–200+ Sumgait pogrom   Soviet Union (modern-day   Azerbaijan) Sumgait, Azerbaijan 1988
196 13 May incident   Malaysia Kuala Lumpur 1969
165 2017 Venezuelan protests   Venezuela Nationwide 2017
155 Bucharest pogrom   Romania Bucharest 1941
142 Durban riots   South Africa Durban 1949
140+ 2017 Brazil prison riots   Brazil 2017
139[127] Muhammad cartoon riots   Nigeria
  Libya
  Pakistan
  Afghanistan
2006
119–120 New York City draft riots   United States New York City 1863
111 Carandiru massacre   Brazil São Paulo 1992
110 Baku pogrom   Soviet Union (modern-day   Azerbaijan) Baku, Azerbaijan 1990
100 Georgian de-Stalinization riots   Soviet Union (modern-day   Georgia) Georgia 1956
100 Napoleon's "whiff of grapeshot"   France Paris 1795
100 Kiev Pogrom (1905)   Russia (modern-day   Ukraine) Kiev 1905

Human sacrifice and mass suicideEdit

This section lists notable individual episodes of mass suicide or human sacrifice. For tolls arising from the systematic practice of suicide or sacrifice, see Human sacrifice and ritual suicide.

Estimate of death toll Type Event Perpetrator(s) Location Date
< 40,000 – 80,400 Mass suicide, murder Battle of Okinawa Japanese civilians   Okinawa, Japan 1945
8,000 Mass suicide Battle of Saipan Japanese civilians   Mariana Islands, South Pacific Mandate

(modern-day   Northern Mariana Islands)

1944
3,00080,400 Mass human sacrifice Re-consecration of the Great Pyramid of Tenochtitlan Aztecs Templo Mayor, Tenochtitlan, Aztec Empire

(modern-day   Mexico)

1487
969 Mass suicide Siege of Masada Jewish zealots   Masada, Judea, Roman Empire

(modern-day   Israel)

73 AD
913 Mass suicide, murder Jonestown massacre Peoples Temple   Jonestown, Guyana 1978
7001,200 Mass suicide Mass suicide in Demmin German civilians   Germany 1 May 1945
3001,000 Mass suicide Movement for the Restoration of the Ten Commandments of God   Uganda March 2000
217[128] Murder-suicide Crashing of EgyptAir Flight 990[128] Airline pilot[128] Atlantic Ocean[128] October 31, 1999[128]
150 Murder-suicide Crashing of Germanwings Flight 9525 Airline pilot   Prads-Haute-Bléone, Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur, France March 24, 2015
104 Murder-suicide Crashing of SilkAir Flight 185 Airline pilot   Palembang, Indonesia December 19, 1997
53 Mass suicide Order of the Solar Temple   Switzerland and   Canada 1994
44 Murder-suicide Crashing of Royal Air Maroc Flight 630 Airline pilot   Morocco August 21, 1994
39 Mass suicide Heaven's Gate   Rancho Santa Fe, California, United States 1997
33 Murder-suicide Crashing of LAM Mozambique Airlines Flight 470 Airline pilot   Bwabwata National Park, Namibia November 29, 2013
24 Murder-suicide Crashing of Japan Airlines Flight 350 Airline pilot   Haneda Airport, Tokyo, Japan February 9, 1982
16 Mass suicide Order of the Solar Temple   France December 23, 1995

See alsoEdit

Other lists organized by death tollEdit

Other lists with similar topicsEdit

Topics dealing with similar themesEdit

NotesEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit