List of amphibians of Shenandoah National Park

This is a list of the amphibians that occur in the Shenandoah National Park in the Blue Ridge Mountains of western Virginia.

  • Abundant refers to species that may be seen daily in its suitable habitat and season, and counted in relatively large numbers.
  • Common denotes species that may be seen daily in its suitable habitat and season, but not in large numbers.
  • Uncommon means a species is likely to be seen only monthly in its appropriate season and habitat, though it may be locally common.
  • Rare refers to a species that is only seen a few times each year.
  • Unknown is used when abundance has not been assessed.
Mole Salamanders (Ambystomatidae)
Common name Genus and Species Abundance Picture
Jefferson salamander Ambystoma jeffersonianum Uncommon Ambystoma jeffersonianum.jpg
Spotted salamander Ambystoma maculatum Uncommon Spotted salamander on leaf.jpg
True Toads (Bufonidae)
American toad Bufo americanus Common Bufo americanus Toad.JPG
Fowler's toad Bufo fowleri Rare American Toad, Maryland.jpg
Tree Frogs (Hylidae)
Northern cricket frog Acris crepitans Uncommon Acris crepitansPCCA20061001-8206B1.jpg
Gray tree frog Hyla versicolor Uncommon Hyla versicolor.jpg
Spring peeper Pseudacris crucifer Uncommon H crucifer USGS.jpg
Upland chorus frog Pseudacris triseriata feriarum Uncommon Pseudacris feriarum.jpg
Lungless Salamanders (Plethodontidae)
Northern dusky salamander Desmognathus fuscus Abundant DesmognathusFuscusPageVA.jpg
Seal salamander Desmognathus monticola Common Desmognathus mo.jpg
Northern two-lined salamander Eurycea bislineata Abundant Eurycea bisline(1).jpg
Three-lined salamander Eurycea longicauda guttolineata Unknown Eurycea guttoli(1).jpg
Longtail salamander Eurycea longicauda longicauda Rare Eurycea longica(1).jpg
Spring salamander Gyrinophilus porphyriticus Uncommon Gyrinophilus po(1).jpg
Four-toed salamander Hemidactylium scutatum Rare
Red-backed salamander Plethodon cinereus Abundant
White-spotted slimy salamander Plethodon cylindraceus Unknown Plethodon cylin(1).jpg
Shenandoah salamander Plethodon shenandoah Unknown (Endemic) Plethodon shenandoah.jpg
True Frogs (Ranidae)
American bullfrog Rana catesbeiana Uncommon Lithobates catesbeianus Desoto1.jpg
Green frog Rana clamitans Common Green Frog Rana clamitans Facing Left 3008px.jpg
Pickerel frog Rana palustris Common Rana palustrisPCSL04203B.jpg
Wood frog Rana sylvatica Uncommon Lithobates sylvaticus (wood frog).jpg
True Salamanders and Newts (Salamandridae)
Eastern newt Notophthalmus viridescens Uncommon Notophthalmus viridescensPCCA20040816-3983A.jpg


  • Amphibians of the Shenandoah National Park (PDF), National Park Service