List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 76

This is a list of cases reported in volume 76 (9 Wall.) of United States Reports, decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1870.[1]

Supreme Court of the United States
Seal of the United States Supreme Court.svg
EstablishedMarch 4, 1789; 233 years ago (1789-03-04)
LocationWashington, D.C.
Coordinates38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444Coordinates: 38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444
Composition methodPresidential nomination with Senate confirmation
Authorized byConstitution of the United States, Art. III, § 1
Judge term lengthlife tenure, subject to impeachment and removal
Number of positions9 (by statute)
Websitesupremecourt.gov

Nominative reportsEdit

In 1874, the U.S. government created the United States Reports, and retroactively numbered older privately-published case reports as part of the new series. As a result, cases appearing in volumes 1–90 of U.S. Reports have dual citation forms; one for the volume number of U.S. Reports, and one for the volume number of the reports named for the relevant reporter of decisions (these are called "nominative reports").

John William WallaceEdit

Starting with the 66th volume of U.S. Reports, the Reporter of Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States was John William Wallace. Wallace was Reporter of Decisions from 1863 to 1874, covering volumes 68 through 90 of United States Reports which correspond to volumes 1 through 23 of his Wallace's Reports. As such, the dual form of citation to, for example, Michigan Bank v. Eldred is 76 U.S. (9 Wall.) 544 (1870).

Wallace's Reports were the final nominative reports for the US Supreme Court; starting with volume 91, cases were identified simply as "(volume #) U.S. (page #) (year)".

Justices of the Supreme Court at the time of 76 U.S. (9 Wall.)Edit

The Supreme Court is established by Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution of the United States, which says: "The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court . . .". The size of the Court is not specified; the Constitution leaves it to Congress to set the number of justices. Under the Judiciary Act of 1789 Congress originally fixed the number of justices at six (one chief justice and five associate justices).[2] Since 1789 Congress has varied the size of the Court from six to seven, nine, ten, and back to nine justices (always including one chief justice).

To prevent President Andrew Johnson from appointing any justices, a hostile Congress passed the Judicial Circuits Act of 1866, eliminating three of the 10 seats from the Supreme Court as they became vacant, and so potentially reducing the size of the court to seven justices. The vacancy caused by the death of Justice John Catron in 1865 had not been filled, so after Justice James Moore Wayne died in July 1867 there were eight justices left on the court at the start of the term when the cases in 76 U.S. (9 Wall.) were decided; however Justice Robert Cooper Grier resigned at the end of January 1870, temporarily reducing the Court to seven justices. Newly-confirmed justices William Strong and Joseph P. Bradley joined the Court in March 1870, in the final weeks of the session. This brought the Court back to nine justices, the number set by the Judiciary Act of 1869.

Fluctuations in Supreme Court membership, 1864-1870Edit

Justice Departure from the Court Arrival on the Court Number of active justices after his arrival or departure
Chase - 15 December 1864 10 (the then-current statutory number)
Catron 30 May 1865 - 9 (one less than the then-current statutory number of 10)
Wayne 5 July 1867 - 8 (one more than the then-current statutory number of 7)
Grier 31 January 1870 - 7 (two less than the then-current statutory number of 9)
Strong - 14 March 1870 8 (one less than the then-current statutory number of 9)
Bradley - 23 March 1870 9 (the then-current statutory number)

Justices during at least part of the Court session reported in 76 U.S. (9 Wall.)Edit

Portrait Justice Office Home State Succeeded Date confirmed by the Senate
(Vote)
Tenure on Supreme Court
  Salmon P. Chase Chief Justice Ohio Roger B. Taney December 6, 1864
(Acclamation)
December 15, 1864

May 7, 1873
(Died)
  Samuel Nelson Associate Justice New York Smith Thompson February 14, 1845
(Acclamation)
February 27, 1845

November 28, 1872
(Retired)
  Robert Cooper Grier Associate Justice Pennsylvania Henry Baldwin August 4, 1846
(Acclamation)
August 10, 1846

January 31, 1870
(Retired)
  Nathan Clifford Associate Justice Maine Benjamin Robbins Curtis January 12, 1858
(26–23)
January 21, 1858

July 25, 1881
(Died)
  Noah Haynes Swayne Associate Justice Ohio John McLean January 24, 1862
(38–1)
January 27, 1862

January 24, 1881
(Retired)
  Samuel Freeman Miller Associate Justice Iowa Peter Vivian Daniel July 16, 1862
(Acclamation)
July 21, 1862

October 13, 1890
(Died)
  David Davis Associate Justice Illinois John Archibald Campbell December 8, 1862
(Acclamation)
December 10, 1862

March 4, 1877
(Resigned)
  Stephen Johnson Field Associate Justice California newly-created seat March 10, 1863
(Acclamation)
May 10, 1863

December 1, 1897
(Retired)
  William Strong Associate Justice Pennsylvania Robert Cooper Grier February 18, 1870
(No vote recorded)
March 14, 1870

December 14, 1880
(Retired)
  Joseph P. Bradley Associate Justice New Jersey newly-created seat March 21, 1870
(46–9)
March 23, 1870

January 22, 1892
(Died)

Citation styleEdit

Under the Judiciary Act of 1789 the federal court structure at the time comprised District Courts, which had general trial jurisdiction; Circuit Courts, which had mixed trial and appellate (from the US District Courts) jurisdiction; and the United States Supreme Court, which had appellate jurisdiction over the federal District and Circuit courts—and for certain issues over state courts. The Supreme Court also had limited original jurisdiction (i.e., in which cases could be filed directly with the Supreme Court without first having been heard by a lower federal or state court). There were one or more federal District Courts and/or Circuit Courts in each state, territory, or other geographical region.

Bluebook citation style is used for case names, citations, and jurisdictions.

List of cases in 76 U.S. (9 Wall.)Edit

Case Name Page & year Opinion of the Court Concurring opinion(s) Dissenting opinion(s) Lower Court Disposition
Neale v. Neale 1 (1870) Davis none none Sup. Ct. D.C. affirmed
Reese v. United States 13 (1870) Field none none C.C.D. Cal. reversed
McGoon v. Scales 23 (1870) Miller none none C.C.D. Wis. affirmed
Haver v. Yaker 32 (1870) Davis none none Ky. affirmed
Gut v. Minnesota 35 (1870) Field none none Minn. affirmed
Basset v. United States 38 (1870) Miller none none C.C.N.D. Ohio affirmed
United States v. Dewitt 41 (1870) Chase none none C.C.E.D. Mich. certification
Filor v. United States 45 (1870) Field none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
City of Chicago v. Sheldon 50 (1870) Nelson none none C.C.N.D. Ill. affirmed
United States v. Anderson 56 (1870) Davis none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
United States v. Grossmayer 72 (1870) Davis none none Ct. Cl. reversed
Smith v. Morse 76 (1870) Field none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. affirmed
United States v. Keehler 83 (1870) Miller none none C.C.D.N.C. certification
Burlington et al. R.R. Co. v. Fremont Cnty. 89 (1870) Nelson none none Iowa affirmed
Hannibal et al. R.R. Co. v. Smith 95 (1870) Miller none Clifford Mo. affirmed
Pelham v. Rose 103 (1870) Field none none C.C.D. Ind. certification
Cheever v. Wilson 108 (1870) Swayne none none Sup. Ct. D.C. reversed
Norris v. Jackson 125 (1870) Miller none none C.C.N.D. Ill. affirmed
The Grapeshot 129 (1870) Chase none none C.C.D. La. reversed
Latham's Appeal 145 (1870) Chase none none Ct. Cl. dismissed
The Johnson 146 (1870) Clifford none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. affirmed
Bonner v. United States 156 (1870) Davis none none Ct. Cl. reversed
The Harriman 161 (1870) Swayne none none C.C.D. Cal. affirmed
In re Howard 175 (1870) Field none none C.C.D. Iowa mandamus denied
Frisbie v. Whitney 187 (1870) Miller none none Sup. Ct. D.C. reversed
Hickman v. Jones 197 (1870) Swayne none none N.D. Ala. reversed
The Star of Hope 203 (1870) Clifford none none C.C.D. Cal. reversed
The Steamboat Burns 237 (1870) Miller none none Mo. dismissed
Linthicum v. Ray 241 (1870) Field none none Sup. Ct. D.C. affirmed
Ex parte Zellner 244 (1870) Nelson none none original mandamus denied
Barney v. Schmeider 248 (1870) Miller none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. reversed
Swain v. Seamens 254 (1870) Clifford none none C.C.D. Wis. affirmed
Justices v. Murray 274 (1870) Nelson none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. reversed
St. Louis Pub. Schools v. Walker 282 (1870) Miller none none Mo. affirmed
Burnett v. Caldwell 290 (1870) Swayne none none N.D. Ga. affirmed
Lobrano v. Nelligan 295 (1870) Davis none none La. affirmed
Secretary of Interior v. McGarrahan 298 (1870) Clifford Miller none Sup. Ct. D.C. reversed
Lynch v. Bernal 315 (1870) Field none none Cal. affirmed
Bennett v. Hunter 326 (1870) Chase none none Va. affirmed
Bigelow v. Forrest 339 (1870) Strong none none Va. affirmed
First Nat'l Bank v. Kentucky 353 (1870) Miller none none Ky. affirmed
Jones v. Bolles 364 (1870) Bradley none none C.C.D. Wis. affirmed
Mephams v. Biessel 370 (1870) Swayne none none C.C.D. Mo. affirmed
Bank of Wash. v. Nock 373 (1870) Clifford none none Sup. Ct. D.C. affirmed
Bushnell v. Kennedy 387 (1870) Chase none none C.C.D. La. reversed
Noonan v. Bradley 394 (1870) Field none Clifford C.C.D. Wis. reversed
City of Davenport v. Lord 409 (1870) Swayne none none C.C.D. Iowa affirmed
Washington Cnty. v. Durant 415 (1870) Strong none none C.C.D. Iowa affirmed
The Fairbanks 420 (1870) Clifford none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. reversed
Flanders v. Tweed 425 (1870) Nelson none none C.C.D. La. reversed
United States v. Hosmer 432 (1870) Swayne none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
The Maggie Hammond 435 (1870) Clifford none none C.C.D. Md. affirmed
Copelin v. Phoenix Ins. Co. 461 (1870) Strong none none C.C.D. Mo. affirmed
Lionberger v. Rouse 468 (1870) Davis none none Mo. affirmed
City of Kenosha v. Lamson 477 (1870) Nelson none none C.C.D. Wis. affirmed
Ingle v. Jones 486 (1870) Swayne none none Sup. Ct. D.C. affirmed
Hoe v. Wilson 501(1870) Swayne none none Sup. Ct. D.C. reversed
The Nonesuch 504 (1870) Chase none none N.D. Fla. dismissed
The Gray Eagle 505 (1870) Bradley none none C.C.D. Wis. affirmed
The Gregory 513 (1870) Field none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. affirmed
The Keokuk 517 (1870) Davis none none C.C.D. Wis. reversed
The Alleghany 522 (1870) Strong none none C.C.D. Wis. affirmed
The Northern Belle 526 (1870) Miller none none C.C.D. Wis. affirmed
United States v. Padelford 531 (1870) Chase none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
Michigan Ins. Bank v. Eldred 544 (1870) Clifford none none C.C.D. Wis. reversed
United States v. Adams I 554 (1870) Nelson none none Ct. Cl. reformation denied
Hornthall v. Keary 560 (1870) Clifford none none C.C.S.D. Miss. reversed
Gates v. Osbornes 567 (1870) Clifford none none C.C.N.D.N.Y. reversed
Litchfield v. Richards 575 (1870) Miller none none C.C.D. Iowa affirmed
Thomson v. Union P.R.R. 579 (1870) Chase none none C.C.D. Kan. certification
Merryman v. Bourne 592 (1870) Swayne none none C.C.D. Cal. affirmed
Public Schools v. Walker 603 (1870) Chase none none N.D. Ga. reargument denied
Ex parte Morris 605 (1870) Swayne none none M.D. Ala. mandamus granted
United States v. Ayres 608 (1870) Nelson none none Ct. Cl. dismissed
Worthy v. Moore Cnty. 611 (1870) Chase none none N.C. dismissed
United States v. Merrill 614 (1870) Clifford none none Ct. Cl. reversed
Irvine v. Irvine 617 (1870) Strong none none C.C.D. Minn. affirmed
The Corsica 630 (1870) Bradley none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. affirmed
The City of Paris 634 (1870) Swayne none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. affirmed
United States v. Rocha 639 (1870) Nelson none Clifford S.D. Cal. affirmed
The Suffolk County 651 (1870) Miller none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. affirmed
Green v. United States 655 (1870) Bradley none none C.C.S.D. Ohio reversed
Downham v. City of Alexandria 659 (1870) Chase none none Va. Cnty. Ct. dismissal denied
United States v. Adams II 661 (1870) Bradley none none Ct. Cl. remanded
Herndon v. Howard 664 (1870) Chase none none C.C.W.D. Tex. procedural ruling
The Quickstep 665 (1870) Davis none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. affirmed
The Syracuse 672 (1870) Swayne none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. affirmed
Aetna Ins. Co. v. Weide 677 (1870) Nelson none none C.C.D. Minn. affirmed
The Portsmouth 682 (1870) Strong none none C.C.N.D. Ill. affirmed
The Protector 687 (1870) Bradley none none C.C.S.D. Ala. dismissal denied
Meade v. United States 691 (1870) Clifford none none Ct. Cl. affirmed
City of Chicago v. Greer 726 (1870) Strong none none C.C.N.D. Ill. affirmed
Poweshiek Cnty. v. Durant 736 (1870) Nelson none none C.C.D. Iowa affirmed
Wise v. Allis 737 (1870) Miller none none C.C.D. Wis. certification
Wilkins v. Ellett's Adm'r 740 (1870) Nelson none none C.C.W.D. Tenn. reversed
Walker v. Walker's Ex'r 743 (1870) Davis none none C.C.D. Mass. various orders
The Guy 758 (1870) Chase none none C.C.E.D.N.Y. affirmed
Watkins v. United States 759 (1870) Clifford none none C.C.D. Md. affirmed
Butler v. Maples 766 (1870) Strong none none C.C.W.D. Tenn. affirmed
Gleason v. Florida 779 (1870) Chase none none Fla. dismissed
Carpenter v. Williams 785 (1870) Miller none none Mo. dismissed
Pierce v. Cox 786 (1870) Chase none none Sup. Ct. D.C. dismissed
Providence R. Co. v. Goodyear I 788 (1870) Swayne none none C.C.D.R.I. affirmed
Providence R. Co. v. Goodyear II 805 (1870) Swayne none none C.C.D.R.I. filing denied
Providence R. Co. v. Goodyear III 807 (1870) per curiam none none C.C.D.R.I. affirmed
Bourne v. Goodyear 811 (1870) Chase none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. affirmed
Bischoff v. Wethered 812 (1870) Bradley none none C.C.D. Md. affirmed

Notes and referencesEdit

  1. ^ Anne Ashmore, DATES OF SUPREME COURT DECISIONS AND ARGUMENTS, Library, Supreme Court of the United States, 26 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Supreme Court Research Guide". Georgetown Law Library. Retrieved April 7, 2021.

See alsoEdit

certificate of division

External linksEdit