List of United States Supreme Court cases, volume 25

This is a list of cases reported in volume 25 (12 Wheat.) of United States Reports, decided by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1827.[1]

Supreme Court of the United States
38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444
EstablishedMarch 4, 1789; 234 years ago (1789-03-04)
LocationWashington, D.C.
Coordinates38°53′26″N 77°00′16″W / 38.89056°N 77.00444°W / 38.89056; -77.00444
Composition methodPresidential nomination with Senate confirmation
Authorized byConstitution of the United States, Art. III, § 1
Judge term lengthlife tenure, subject to impeachment and removal
Number of positions9 (by statute)

Nominative report edit

In 1874, the U.S. government created the United States Reports, and retroactively numbered older privately published case reports as part of the new series. As a result, cases appearing in volumes 1–90 of U.S. Reports have dual citation forms; one for the volume number of U.S. Reports, and one for the volume number of the reports named for the relevant reporter of decisions (these are called "nominative reports").

Henry Wheaton edit

Starting with the 14th volume of U.S. Reports, the Reporter of Decisions of the Supreme Court of the United States was Henry Wheaton. Wheaton was Reporter of Decisions from 1816 to 1827, covering volumes 14 through 25 of United States Reports which correspond to volumes 1 through 12 of his Wheaton's Reports. As such, the dual form of citation to, for example, Brown v. Maryland is 25 U.S. (12 Wheat.) 419 (1827).

Justices of the Supreme Court at the time of 25 U.S. (12 Wheat.) edit

The Supreme Court is established by Article III, Section 1 of the Constitution of the United States, which says: "The judicial Power of the United States, shall be vested in one supreme Court . . .". The size of the Court is not specified; the Constitution leaves it to Congress to set the number of justices. Under the Judiciary Act of 1789 Congress originally fixed the number of justices at six (one chief justice and five associate justices).[2] Since 1789 Congress has varied the size of the Court from six to seven, nine, ten, and back to nine justices (always including one chief justice).

When the cases in 25 U.S. (12 Wheat.) were decided, the Court comprised these seven justices:

Portrait Justice Office Home State Succeeded Date confirmed by the Senate
Tenure on Supreme Court
  John Marshall Chief Justice Virginia Oliver Ellsworth January 27, 1801
February 4, 1801

July 6, 1835
  Bushrod Washington Associate Justice Virginia James Wilson December 20, 1798
November 9, 1798
(Recess Appointment)

November 26, 1829
  William Johnson Associate Justice South Carolina Alfred Moore March 24, 1804
May 7, 1804

August 4, 1834
  Gabriel Duvall
Associate Justice Maryland Samuel Chase November 18, 1811
November 23, 1811

January 12, 1835
  Joseph Story
Associate Justice Massachusetts William Cushing November 18, 1811
February 3, 1812

September 10, 1845
  Smith Thompson Associate Justice New York Henry Brockholst Livingston December 9, 1823
September 1, 1823

December 18, 1843
  Robert Trimble Associate Justice Kentucky Thomas Todd May 9, 1826
June 16, 1826

August 25, 1828

Notable Case in 25 U.S. (12 Wheat.) edit

Ogden v. Saunders edit

In Ogden v. Saunders, 25 U.S. (12 Wheat.) 213 (1827), the Supreme Court determined the scope of a bankruptcy law in relation to a clause of the Constitution of the United States. It is notable for its era in producing multiple opinions from the justices, either writing for the Court, concurring, or dissenting.

Citation style edit

Under the Judiciary Act of 1789 the federal court structure at the time comprised District Courts, which had general trial jurisdiction; Circuit Courts, which had mixed trial and appellate (from the US District Courts) jurisdiction; and the United States Supreme Court, which had appellate jurisdiction over the federal District and Circuit courts—and for certain issues over state courts. The Supreme Court also had limited original jurisdiction (i.e., in which cases could be filed directly with the Supreme Court without first having been heard by a lower federal or state court). There were one or more federal District Courts and/or Circuit Courts in each state, territory, or other geographical region.

Bluebook citation style is used for case names, citations, and jurisdictions.

List of cases in 25 U.S. (12 Wheat.) edit

Case Name Page and year Opinion of the Court Concurring opinion(s) Dissenting opinion(s) Lower court Disposition
The Palmyra 1 (1827) Story none none C.C.D.S.C. multiple
Martin v. Mott 19 (1827) Story none none N.Y. reversed
Clark v. City of Washington 40 (1827) Marshall none none C.C.D.C. reversed
Second Bank of the United States v. Dandridge 64 (1827) Story none Marshall C.C.D. Va. reversed
Williams v. Norris 117 (1827) Marshall none none Tenn. dismissed
Montgomery v. Hernandez 129 (1827) Trimble none none La. affirmed
Winn's Heirs v. Jackson 135 (1827) per curiam none none Ky. dismissed
Postmaster General v. Early 136 (1827) Marshall none none C.C.D. Ga. certification
Jackson v. Chew 153 (1827) Thompson none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. affirmed
Armstrong v. Lear 169 (1827) Story none none C.C.D.C. affirmed
Rankin v. Scott 177 (1827) Marshall none none D. Mo. reversed
United States v. Tillotson 180 (1827) Story none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. reversed
Thornton v. Wynn 183 (1827) Washington none none C.C.D.C. reversed
Mallow v. Hinde 193 (1827) Trimble none none C.C.D. Ohio multiple
Connor v. Featherstone 199 (1827) Trimble none none C.C.D.W. Tenn. reversed
Edwards' Lessee v. Darby 206 (1827) Trimble none none C.C.D.W. Tenn. reversed
Devereaux v. Marr 212 (1827) per curiam none none C.C.D.W. Tenn. dismissed
Ogden v. Saunders 213 (1827) Johnson several several D. La. affirmed
Mason v. Haile 370 (1827) Thompson none Washington C.C.D.R.I. certification
Columbian Insurance Company v. Catlett 383 (1827) Story none Johnson C.C.D.C. multiple
General Insurance Insurance Company v. Ruggles 408 (1827) Thompson none none C.C.D. Mass. affirmed
Brown v. Maryland 419 (1827) Marshall none Thompson C.C.D. Md. reversed
United States v. Gooding 460 (1827) Story none none C.C.D. Md. certification
United States v. Marchant 480 (1827) Story none none C.C.D. Mass. certification
United States v. 350 Chests of Tea 486 (1827) Washington none none C.C.S.D.N.Y. affirmed
Potter v. Gardner 498 (1827) Marshall none none C.C.D.R.I. multiple
United States v. Nicholl 505 (1827) Trimble none none not indicated reversed
McGill v. Second Bank of the United States 511 (1827) Johnson none none C.C.D. Conn. affirmed
Drummond v. Prestman's Executors 515 (1827) Johnson none none not indicated reversed
Harcourt v. Gaillard 523 (1827) Johnson none none not indicated affirmed
Henderson v. Poindexter's Lessee 530 (1827) Marshall none none D. Miss. affirmed
The Antelope 546 (1827) Trimble none none C.C.D. Ga. affirmed
McLemore v. Powell 554 (1827) Story none none C.C.D.W. Tenn. affirmed
United States v. Barker 559 (1827) Marshall none none C.C.E.D. Pa. affirmed
Parker v. Judges of the Circuit Court of Maryland 561 (1827) Marshall none none C.C.D. Md. mandamus denied
Thompson v. Peter 565 (1827) Marshall none none C.C.D.C. affirmed
Williams v. Daniel 568 (1827) Marshall none none C.C.D. Ga. affirmed
Newman v. Jackson 570 (1827) Trimble none none C.C.D.C. affirmed
Dunlap v. Dunlap 574 (1827) Marshall none none C.C.D. Ohio affirmed
McConnell v. Town of Lexington 582 (1827) Marshall none none C.C.D. Ky. affirmed
Chotard v. Pope 586 (1827) Johnson none none not indicated affirmed
Mason v. Matilda 590 (1827) Johnson none none C.C.D.C. reversed
Lidderdale's Executors v. Robinson's Executor 594 (1827) Johnson none none C.C.D. Va. certification
De la Croix v. Chamberlain 599 (1827) Trimble none none D. Ala. affirmed
Davidson v. Taylor 604 (1827) Marshall none none not indicated affirmed
Scott v. Shreeve 605 (1827) Thompson none none C.C.D.C. affirmed
Ramsay v. Allegre 611 (1827) Marshall Johnson none C.C.D. Md. affirmed

Notes and references edit

  1. ^ Anne Ashmore, DATES OF SUPREME COURT DECISIONS AND ARGUMENTS, Library, Supreme Court of the United States, 26 December 2018.
  2. ^ "Supreme Court Research Guide". Georgetown Law Library. Retrieved April 7, 2021.

See also edit

External links edit