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List of Scotland international footballers born outside Scotland

This is a list of players who have played international football for the Scotland national football team and who were born outside Scotland. For the purposes of international football the football world governing body, FIFA, considers Scotland, England, Wales and Northern Ireland to be distinct and individual countries.[1][2] This has happened since the early days of international football, as Arthur Kinnaird, 11th Lord Kinnaird (born in England) and Henry Renny-Tailyour represented Scotland in the 1870s.[3] The first black international football player, Andrew Watson, was born in British Guiana and represented Scotland during the 1880s.[4]

The majority of these players were born in England. In a friendly match against Cyprus in November 2011, five of the sixteen players used by Scotland were born in England.[citation needed] The rules of selection were quite strict until 1971, when national teams were allowed to pick players if one of their parents were born in that country.[citation needed] This was later relaxed to allowing selection for one grandparent being born in Scotland, although it was temporarily tightened again, which prevented Nigel Spackman from playing for Scotland.[3] The Home Nations have since made an agreement that also allows players who have been educated for at least five years in the relevant country to be selected by its national team.[5] Jordan Rhodes was selected on this basis.[5]


British GuianaEdit




  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac Never played club football in Scotland.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q Played club football in Scotland and England.
  3. ^ a b Played club football solely in Scotland.

Only played in EnglandEdit

A large number of Scottish internationals born in Scotland never played senior club football in that country, either due to the circumstances of their upbringing (for example Tommy Lawrence, Scot Gemmill, Dominic Matteo and Ikechi Anya – who also played in the Spanish leagues, [11] or being scouted by clubs in England at a young age and remaining in the English football league system throughout their career (this includes several who reached the landmark of 25 caps such as Billy Liddell, Denis Law, Billy Bremner, Willie Donachie, Asa Hartford, Frank Gray, John Robertson, John Wark, Darren Fletcher and Grant Hanley).[19]

Conversely, Joe Baker had only played in the Scottish football league system when he was capped by his birthplace England in 1959 – he was the first player to be in that situation. His elder brother Gerry Baker was also raised in Scotland but had been born in the United States and later appeared for their national team.[20]



Isle of ManEdit

The Isle of Man does not have an internationally recognised national team; the Isle of Man Football Association is affiliated to the English Football Association as a County Football Association.


South AfricaEdit


United StatesEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "FIFA vote threat to Scotland team". Scottish National Party. Archived from the original on 20 December 2008. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
  2. ^ Robert Wagman. "FIFA needs to tighten nationality loopholes". Soccer Times. Retrieved 13 January 2008.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i Reynolds, Jim (19 January 1990). "Bruce wants to join the foreign legion". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 18 October 2013.
  4. ^ a b McGowan, Tom (23 February 2012). "Football pioneer: Andrew Watson - the first black international". CNN. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  5. ^ a b "Jordan Rhodes' honour at first senior Scotland call-up". BBC Sport. BBC. 2 November 2011. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
  6. ^ Mitchell, Andy (30 May 2012). "Eadie Fraser - identifying a famous name". Scottish Sport History. Retrieved 4 December 2013. Malcolm John Eadie Fraser was born in Goderich, Ontario, on 4 March 1860
  7. ^ "Graham Alexander dismisses Scotland retirement reports". 24 February 2010. Retrieved 14 October 2010.[permanent dead link]
  8. ^ Burton, Chris (13 October 2010). "Bardsley has no regrets". Sky Sports. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  9. ^ a b "Richard Gough voices disapproval at George Boyd Scotland call-up". Daily Record. Trinity Mirror. 6 May 2009. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  10. ^ "Brighton: Liam Bridcutt delighted at first Scotland call-up". BBC Sport. BBC. 19 March 2013. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  11. ^ a b c d e f Andy McDougall (24 March 2016). "English-born Scots and the question of nationality in football". Back Page Football. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  12. ^ Keevins, Hugh (27 February 2004). "I knew dad shouldn't be Wales boss when he got pelters from the Manic Street Preachers; Jon blasts FIFA over cap ruling". Daily Record. Retrieved 17 October 2018 – via The Free Library.
  13. ^ "Kilmarnock player Liam Kelly's father dies after cup final". BBC News. BBC. 19 March 2012. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  14. ^ Wilson, Richard (30 September 2010). "QPR's Jamie Mackie ticks the right boxes for Craig Levein". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 14 October 2010.
  15. ^ Fisher, Stewart (24 May 2014). "Easterhouse roots served Martin well along rocky road . ." The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  16. ^ Williams, Martin (18 March 2015). "Matt Ritchie: I've never set foot in Scotland". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  17. ^ Miller, David (6 April 2001). "Sullivan keeps Spurs' tradition going". Daily Telegraph. Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  18. ^ "Jimmy Wardhaugh". London Hearts Supporters' Club. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  19. ^ Stuart Spencer (11 August 2017). "All the Scottish Internationalists that Have Played for Each English Premier League Club". Scottish Football Museum. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  20. ^ "Siblings who went their separate ways". FIFA. 27 September 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2018.
  21. ^ Smith, Andrew (10 October 2011). "Interview: Paul Wilson on Stein, Celtic and racial abuse in the 1970s". The Scotsman. Retrieved 31 July 2014.
  22. ^ "Shaun Maloney aims for recall to Scotland squad". BBC Sport. BBC. 24 September 2010. Retrieved 29 May 2014.
  23. ^ "Jimmy Walker". London Hearts Supporters' Club. Retrieved 10 September 2012.