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The Basilica Cistern in Constantinople provided water for the Imperial Palace.

The list of Roman cisterns offers an overview over Ancient Roman cisterns. Freshwater reservoir were commonly set up at the termini of aqueducts and their branch lines, supplying urban households, agricultural estates, imperial palaces, thermae or naval bases of the Roman navy.[1]

Contents

CisternsEdit

Cistern Location Country Water supply Width
(m)
Length
(m)
Clear height
(m)
Water depth
(m)
Capacity
(m³)
Volume
(m³)
  Basilica Cistern Constantinople Turkey
  Cistern of Philoxenos Constantinople Turkey
  Theodosius Cistern Constantinople Turkey
  Piscina Mirabilis Misenum Italy Serino Aqueduct 25 166 10.3 7.5 10,700 14,300 [2]
  Roman cisterns Fermo Italy rainwater 30 170 6 0,70 3,000 10,000 [2]
Grotta Dragonara Misenum Italy Rainwater? 70 172 19.5 4.5 17,700 11,900 [2]
Il Cisternone Albano Italy 10,132 [3]
  Aïn Mizeb Thugga Tunisia Aqueduct 19,000
  Aïn El Hammam Thugga Tunisia Aqueduct 16,000
Cripta Romana Cumae Italy Serino Aqueduct 31 138 18.0 3.0 12,100 15,300 [2]
Piscina Cardito,
Southern Reservoir
Puteoli Italy Campanian Aqueduct 16 155 16.0 4.5 [B 1] 14,000 [B 1] 15,300 [2]
Piscina Lusciano Puteoli Italy Serino Aqueduct 25 127 16.5 4.0 [B 1] 12,700 [B 1] 14,400 [2]
Tunnel Cistern [A 1] Baiae Italy Rainwater 13.5 300 13.0 2.0 12,100 12,800 [2][B 1]
Cento Camerelle,
Upper Reservoir
Misenum Italy Rainwater 18 123 17.8 5.5 12,000 12,450 [2]
Cento Camerelle Puteoli Italy Campanian Aqueduct? 17 170 15.2 2.0 11850 12,000 [2]
Cento Camerelle,
Lower Reservoir [A 1]
Misenum Italy Rainwater 12 160 14.0 3.0 11960 11,100 [2][B 1]
Piscina Cardito,
Northern Reservoir
Puteoli Italy Campanian Aqueduct 18 134 1? 1.3 [B 1] 11350 [B 1] 1? [2]
Domitian's Villa [3] Albano Italy 11 123
Villa Jovis Capri Italy

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b Estimated values
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Excavated parts

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Döring 2002, pp. 310–319
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k All data from: Döring 2002, pp. 310–319 (esp. 313)
  3. ^ a b Adam 2004, pp. 250–51

SourcesEdit

  • Adam, Jean-Pierre (2004), Roman Building. Materials and Techniques, Routledge, ISBN 978-0-415-20866-6
  • Döring, Mathias (2002), "Wasser für den 'Sinus Baianus': Römische Ingenieur- und Wasserbauten der Phlegraeischen Felder", Antike Welt, 33 (3), pp. 305–319

External linksEdit

  Media related to Roman cisterns at Wikimedia Commons