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Current ranking classification (2019–present)Edit

As of February 8, 2019, a new ranking classification for the Philippine National Police was adopted, eliminating confusion of old ranks. [1][2] The enabling law for the ranking is Republic Act 11200 which was signed by President Rodrigo Duterte, amending the section of the Department of the Interior and Local Government Act of 1990 that refers to the ranking classification of the Philippine National Police.[3]

However, the usage of this classification internally by the PNP was put on hold in March 2019 during the creation of rules and regulations (IRR) of the rank classification, which determined how each rank would be officially abbreviated.[4] The new rank abbreviations and the IRR of the new rank system officially took effect on March 25, 2019.[5][6]

Full set of ranksEdit

Per the current (2019) rank system, the National Police has no rank holders of Second Lieutenant, Technical Sergeant, Sergeant and Patrolman First Class.

Insignia Rank[6]
  Police General (PGEN)
  Police Lieutenant General (PLTGEN)
  Police Major General (PMGEN)
  Police Brigadier General (PBGEN)
  Police Colonel (PCOL)
  Police Lieutenant Colonel (PLTCOL)
  Police Major (PMAJ)
  Police Captain (PCPT)
  Police Lieutenant (PLT)
  Police Executive Master Sergeant (PEMS)
  Police Chief Master Sergeant (PCMS)
  Police Senior Master Sergeant (PSMS)
  Police Master Sergeant (PMSg)
  Police Staff Sergeant (PSSg)
  Police Corporal (PCpl)
  Patrolman / Patrolwoman (Pat)

Historical classificationsEdit

1991–2019 PNP classificationEdit

The Department of the Interior and Local Government Act of 1990 or Republic Act No. 6975 established the Philippine National Police under the Department of the Interior and Local Government[7], and later orders of the Department formed the basis for the creation of a common rank system for the public security forces of the republic, which the National Police used for over two decades.

Insignia Rank Equivalent rank (2019)
  Director General Police General
  Deputy Director General Police Lieutenant General
  Director Police Major General
  Chief Superintendent Police Brigadier General
  Senior Superintendent Police Colonel
  Superintendent Police Lieutenant Colonel
  Chief Inspector Police Major
  Senior Inspector Police Captain
  Inspector Police Lieutenant
  Senior Police Officer IV (SPO4) Police Executive Master Sergeant
  Senior Police Officer III (SPO3) Police Chief Master Sergeant
  Senior Police Officer II (SPO2) Police Senior Master Sergeant
  Senior Police Officer I (SPO1) Police Master Sergeant
  Police Officer III (PO3) Police Staff Sergeant
  Police Officer II (PO2) Police Corporal
  Police Officer I (PO1) Patrolman / Patrolwoman

Ranks of the Philippine ConstabularyEdit

Originally the PC used the ranks and insignia of the United States Army upon its foundation and in its latter years it was more modelled on Philippine Army but with branch-specific shoulder board and sleeve insignia.[citation needed]


Philippine Constabulary Rank (1977-1991)
Lieutenant General
Major General
Brigadier General
Lieutenant Colonel
First Lieutenant
Second Lieutenant

Enlisted constables and NCOsEdit

  • Master Sergeant
  • Technical Sergeant
  • Staff Sergeant
  • Sergeant
  • Constable 1st Class
  • Constable 2nd Class
  • Constable

Integrated National PoliceEdit

The defunct Integrated National Police adopted a paramilitary-styled ranking classification based on Presidential Decree No. 1184 (the Integrated National Police Personnel Professionalization Law of 1977) issued by then-President Ferdinand Marcos[8]as part of the joint command it shared with the PC, which began in 1975.

Police Brigadier General
Police Colonel
Police Lieutenant Colonel
Police Major
Police Captain
Police Lieutenant
Police Sergeant
Police Corporal
Patrolman First Class / Patrolwoman First Class
Patrolman / Patrolwoman

Informal ranksEdit

Prior to the adoption of the 2019 classification, the police has informally used military ranks to address to each other; such as tiniente or lieutenant for officers who had recently graduated from the Philippine National Police Academy while Chief Superintendents up to the Director General were colloquially referred to as Generals.[9]


  1. ^ Cervantes, Filane Mikee (21 February 2019). "New PNP rank classification removes confusion in calling cops". Republic of the Philippines News Agency. Retrieved 12 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Republic Act No. 11200". Official Gazette. 21 February 2019. Retrieved 21 February 2019.
  3. ^ Ranada, Pia. "From SPO1 to sergeant: New law gives military rank names to police". Rappler. Retrieved 23 February 2019.
  4. ^ Narra, Roy (9 March 2019). "PNP reverts to old ranking classification". Manila Times. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  5. ^ Tupas, Emmanuel (27 March 2019). "PNP resumes use of new ranks". The Philippine Star. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  6. ^ a b Sadongdong, Martin (26 March 2019). "Modified PNP rank classification takes effect". Manila Bulletin. Retrieved 28 March 2019.
  7. ^ "Republic Act No. 6975". Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. 13 December 1990. Retrieved 26 March 2019.
  8. ^ "PRESIDENTIAL DECREE No. 1184". Chan Robles Virtual Law Library. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  9. ^ Tamblong, Rambo (17 May 2019). "House OKs bill adopting military rank names for PNP". Rappler. Retrieved 9 March 2019.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit