List of Princes of Salerno
This page is a list of the rulers of the Principality of Salerno.
When Prince Sicard of Benevento was assassinated by Radelchis in 839, the people of Salerno promptly proclaimed his brother, Siconulf, prince. War raged between Radelchis and Siconulf until Emperor Louis II came down and forced a peace in 851, confirming Siconulf as prince of Salerno. The chronology is very confusing from then on until the assassination of Adhemar, when a new dynasty took the throne.
Salerno was besieged by the Normans of Robert Guiscard and Prince Richard I of Capua until it fell on 13 December 1076. Prince Gisulf II surrendered the next year and the principality, the final Lombard state in Italy, fell. Salerno became the capital of Guiscard's duchy of Apulia, Calabria, and Sicily.
"Prince of Salerno" was also a title created by Charles I of Naples (reigned 1266-1285) for his son, later Charles II of Naples. It was regularly used for the heirs of the Kings of Naples and later the Two Sicilies. In the fourteenth century, most of the province of Salerno became the territory of the Princes of Sanseverino.
- Siconulf (840–851)
- Sico (II) (851–853)[a]
- Peter (853)
- Adhemar (853–861)
- Guaifer (861–880)
- Guaimar I (880–900)
- Guaimar II (900–946)
- Gisulf I (946–978)
- Landulf of Conza (973), usurper
- Pandulf I (978–981)[b]
- Pandulf II (981)[c]
- Manso (981–983)[d] co-ruling with. . .
- John I (981–983)[e]
- John II (983–994/9)
- Guaimar III [or IV] (994/9–1027)[f]
- Guaimar IV [or V] (1027–1052)[g]
- Pandulf (III) (1052), usurper
- Sico II is so numbered to distinguish him from Prince Sico I of Benevento.
- Also ruled Benevento and Capua (from 961) and Spoleto (from 967).
- He had been named Gisulf I's heir in 973.
- Also ruled Amalfi (966–1004).
- Also ruled Amalfi (1004–07).
- In the 19th century, Michelangelo Schipa, relying on an 11th-century charter mis-dated to 917, inserted a fifth prince named Guaimar into the list, suggesting this "Guaimar III" was a son of Guaimar II. This necessitated re-numbering Guaimar III as "Guaimar IV" and the actual Guaimar IV as "Guaimar V".
- Also ruled Amalfi (1039–43), Gaeta (1040–41) and Capua (1038–47) .
- Also ruled Amalfi (1088–89).
- Graham A. Loud (2000), The Age of Robert Guiscard: Southern Italy and the Northern Conquest, Taylor and Francis, p. 61, n. 3.