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List of Ministers-President of Austria

The Minister-President of Austria was the head of government of the Austrian Empire from 1848, when the office was created in the course of the March Revolution. Previously, executive power rested with an Austrian State Council, headed by the Emperor himself, from 1821 under the chairmanship of State Chancellor Prince Klemens von Metternich. The offices of Minister-President was not refilled from 1852, when Emperor Franz Joseph resumed control of the government affairs, and was replaced by a coordinating Chairman of the Austrian Minister's Conference.

Minister-President of Austrian Empire
Imperial Coat of Arms of the Empire of Austria.svg
Lammasch.jpg
Heinrich Lammasch
Precursor State Chancellor
Formation 20 March 1848
First holder Franz Anton
Final holder Heinrich Lammasch
Abolished 11 November 1918
Succession Chancellor of Austria

According to the Austro-Hungarian Compromise of 1867, executive powers were divided between the Emperor and King, the Minister of the Imperial and Royal House and of Foreign Affairs as chairman of the k. u. k. Ministers' Council for Common Affairs, and the Ministers-President of the Cisleithanian (Austrian) and Hungarian halves of the Empire. After the dissolution of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy in November 1918, the head of government in the Austrian Republic since 1920 has been the Federal Chancellor.

Contents

Austrian Empire (1848–1867)Edit

Minister-PresidentsEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Ethnicity Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
Emperor
(Reign)
  Count Franz Anton von Kolowrat-Liebsteinsky
(1778–1861)
Bohemian 20 March 1848 19 April 1848 Nonpartisan None Ferdinand I
 
(1835–1848)
  Charles-Louis,
Count of Ficquelmont

(1777–1857)
French 19 April 1848 4 May 1848 Nonpartisan
  Baron Franz von Pillersdorf
(1786–1862)
German 4 May 1848 8 July 1848 Nonpartisan I
(1848)
  Baron Anton von Doblhoff-Dier
(1800–1872)
German 8 July 1848 18 July 1848 Nonpartisan
  Baron Johann von Wessenberg-Ampringen
(1773–1858)
German 18 July 1848 21 November 1848 Nonpartisan
  Prince Felix of Schwarzenberg
(1800–1852)
Bohemian 21 November 1848 5 April 1852 Nonpartisan None Francis Joseph I
 
(1848–1916)

Presidents of the Conference of MinistersEdit

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Ethnicity Term of office Political Party Emperor
(Reign)
  Count Karl Ferdinand von Buol
(1797–1865)
German 11 April 1852 21 August 1859 Nonpartisan Francis Joseph I
 
(1848–1916)
  Count Bernhard von Rechberg
(1806–1899)
German 21 August 1859 4 February 1861 Nonpartisan
  Archduke Rainer Ferdinand of Austria
(1827–1913)
German 4 February 1861 26 June 1865 Nonpartisan
  Count Alexander de Mensdorff-Pouilly
(1813–1871)
French 26 June 1865 27 July 1865 Nonpartisan
  Count Richard Belcredi
(1823–1902)
Italian 27 July 1865 7 February 1867 Nonpartisan
  Count Friedrich Ferdinand von Beust
(1809–1886)
German 7 February 1867 30 December 1867 Nonpartisan

Austria–Hungary (1867–1918)Edit

Minister-Presidents of CisleithaniaEdit

  Constitutional (7)   Federalist (7)   Christian Social Party (4)

Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political Party Legislature
(Election)
Emperor
(Reign)
  Prince Karl von Auersperg
(1814–1890)
30 December 1867 24 September 1868 Constitutional Party I
(1867)
Francis Joseph I
 
(1848–1916)
  Eduard Taaffe,
11th Viscount Taaffe

(1833–1895)
1 24 September 1868 15 January 1870 Constitutional Party
  Baron Ignaz von Plener
(1810–1908)
15 January 1870 1 February 1870 Constitutional Party
  Leopold Hasner von Artha
(1818–1891)
1 February 1870 12 April 1870 Constitutional Party
  Count Alfred Józef Potocki
(1817–1889)
12 April 1870 6 February 1871 Federalist Party
  Count Karl Sigmund von Hohenwart
(1824–1899)
6 February 1871 30 October 1871 Federalist Party
  Baron Ludwig Holzgethan
(1800–1876)
30 October 1871 25 November 1871 Nonpartisan
  Prince Adolf von Auersperg
(1821–1885)
25 November 1871 15 February 1879 Constitutional Party II
(1871–72)
III
(1873)
  Ritter Karl von Stremayr
(1823–1904)
15 February 1879 12 August 1879 Constitutional Party
  Eduard Taaffe,
11th Viscount Taaffe

(1833–1895)
2 12 August 1879 11 November 1893 Constitutional Party IV
(1879)
Federalist Party V
(1885)
VI
(1891)
  Alfred III,
Prince of Windisch-Grätz

(1851–1927)
11 November 1893 19 June 1895 Federalist Party
  Count Erich von Kielmansegg
(1847–1923)
19 June 1895 30 September 1895 Federalist Party
  Count Count Kasimir Felix Badeni
(1846–1909)
30 September 1895 30 November 1897 Federalist Party
  Baron Paul Gautsch von Frankenthurn
(1851–1918)
1 30 November 1897 5 March 1898 Christian Social Party VII
(1897)
  Prince Franz von Thun
(1847–1916)
5 March 1898 2 October 1899 Federalist Party
  Count Manfred von Clary-Aldringen
(1852–1928)
5 March 1898 2 October 1899 Nonpartisan
  Ritter Heinrich von Wittek
(1844–1930)
2 October 1899 18 January 1900 Christian Social Party
  Ernest von Koerber
(1850–1919)
1 18 January 1900 31 December 1904 (Old) Constitutional Party VIII
(1900–01)
  Baron Paul Gautsch von Frankenthurn
(1851–1918)
2 1 January 1904 2 May 1906 Christian Social Party
  Prince Konrad Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst
(1863–1918)
2 May 1906 2 June 1906 Nonpartisan
  Baron Max Wladimir von Beck
(1854–1943)
2 June 1906 15 November 1908 Nonpartisan IX
(1907)
  Count Richard von Bienerth-Schmerling
(1863–1918)
15 November 1908 28 June 1911 Nonpartisan
  Baron Paul Gautsch von Frankenthurn
(1851–1918)
3 28 June 1911 3 November 1911 Christian Social Party X
(1911)
  Karl von Stürgkh
(1859–1916)
3 November 1911 21 October 1916 Nonpartisan
(German National Association)
  Ernest von Koerber
(1850–1919)
2 21 October 1916 20 December 1916 (Old) Constitutional Party
(German National Association)
  Count Heinrich Clam-Martinic
(1863–1932)
20 December 1916 23 June 1917 Nonpartisan
(German National Association)
Charles I
 
(1916–1918)
  Ernst Seidler von Feuchtenegg
(1862–1931)
23 June 1917 27 July 1918 Nonpartisan
  Baron Max Hussarek von Heinlein
(1865–1935)
27 July 1918 27 October 1918 Christian Social Party
  Heinrich Lammasch
(1853–1920)
27 October 1918 11 November 1918 Christian Social Party

See alsoEdit