Lipocarpha is a genus of sedges known as halfchaff sedges. There are approximately 35 species and representatives can be found throughout the tropical and warmer temperate areas of Africa, Asia (China, India, Indonesia, etc), Australia, North America, South America and various oceanic islands.[1][2][3] These mostly are erect annual herbs (some perennials are known) growing 1 to 30 centimeters tall. The inflorescence consists of one to few spikes each containing many spirally arranged spikelets. The flower is entangled with two hyalin scales, a spikelet prophyll and a glume. These flower stands in the axil of a spikelet-bract.[4]

Lipocarpha micrantha NRCS-1.jpg
Hairlike Lipocarpha micrantha next to an unrelated leaf for scale
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Monocots
Clade: Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Cyperaceae
Genus: Lipocarpha
  • Hypaelyptum Vahl
  • Hemicarpha Nees
  • Rikliella J.Raynal

Species include:[1]


  1. ^ a b c Kew World Checklist of Selected Plant Families
  2. ^ Flora of North America, Lipocarpha
  3. ^ Flora of China, Vol. 23 Page 249, 湖瓜草属 hu gua cao shu, Lipocarpha R. Brown in Tuckey, Narr. Exped. Zaire. 459. 1818.
  4. ^ Govaerts, R. & Simpson, D.A. (2007). World Checklist of Cyperaceae. Sedges: 1-765. The Board of Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

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