Lila May Banks Cockrell (January 19, 1922 – August 29, 2019) was an American politician, who served twice as mayor of San Antonio, Texas. During World War II, she served in the WAVES branch of the United States Navy. She served as President of the Dallas and San Antonio chapters of the League of Women Voters during the 1950s.
|Mayor of San Antonio|
June 1, 1989 – June 1, 1991
|Preceded by||Henry Cisneros|
|Succeeded by||Nelson Wolff|
May 1, 1975 – May 1, 1981
|Preceded by||Charles L. Becker|
|Succeeded by||Henry Cisneros|
|San Antonio City Councilwoman|
Lila May Banks
January 19, 1922
Fort Worth, Texas, U.S.
|Died||August 29, 2019 (aged 97)|
San Antonio, Texas
|Resting place||Mission Burial Park North |
San Antonio, Texas
Sidney Earl Cockrell Jr.
(m. 1941; died 1986)
|Alma mater||Southern Methodist University|
|Branch/service|| United States Navy |
|Battles/wars||World War II|
San Antonio city mayorEdit
After serving for a decade on the city council, including her 1969 service as the city's first woman mayor Pro Tem, Cockrell was elected in 1975 to the first of four two-year terms as Mayor of San Antonio. At the time of her inauguration, San Antonio's population gave her the status of the mayor over the largest American city being governed by a woman. She is often listed as the first woman in the United States to be elected mayor of a major metropolis. However, Bertha Knight Landes was mayor of Seattle 1926–1928. Cockrell's first three terms ran consecutively 1975–1981. At the end of her third term, she chose not to run because of the illness of her husband Sidney Earl Cockrell Jr. She was succeeded by Henry Cisneros. Widowed in 1986, she was elected to her fourth term as mayor in 1989 when Cisneros left office.
After retiring from political office, Cockrell served on many municipal commissions and civic boards. In 2013, she retired as president of the San Antonio Parks Foundation, a position she had held since 1998.
Cockrell was a member of the Hot Wells Conservancy Board, which is working with the Bexar County Commissioners Court to restore the former Hot Wells hotel, spa, and bathhouses, which flourished in the first two decades of the 20th century. It is located along the San Antonio River in the southside of the city.
- The Lila Cockrell Theatre, named in her honor, is part of the Henry B. González Convention Center in Downtown San Antonio. Also, a meeting room at the Convention Center directly below the Theatre is named the Mayor Cockrell Room in her honor.
- She was inducted into the Texas Women's Hall of Fame in 1984.
- She received an honorary doctorate from St. Mary's University in May 2017 during the commencement ceremony for the class of 2017.
- "Lila Cockrell Records" (PDF). Municipal Archives and Records. City of San Antonio. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- Judith A. Leavitt (1985). American Women Managers and Administrators: A Selective Biographical Dictionary of Twentieth-century Leaders in Business, Education, and Government. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 47. ISBN 9780313237485.
- Stein, Alan J (March 1, 2000). "Bertha Landes is elected mayor of Seattle on March 9, 1926". HistoryLink.org. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- Ivins, Molly (2010). Molly Ivins Can't Say That, Can She?. New York: Vintage eBooks. pp. 203, 204. ISBN 978-0-3074-3441-8.
- Petty, Kathleen (March 29, 2013). "Lila Cockrell Interview". San Antonio Magazine. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- "Lila Cockrell" (PDF). San Antonio Parks Foundation. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 24, 2010. Retrieved August 12, 2013. Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Petty, Kathleen (April 2013). "Lila Cockrell The 91-year-old former mayor retires to write, not slow down". San Antonio Magazine. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- John W. Gonzalez (October 10, 2015). "Hot Wells poised to spring alive again: County OKs first phase of improvements for new park". San Antonio Express-News. pp. 1, A12.
- "Lila Cockrell Theatre". Henry B. Gonzalez Convention Center. Retrieved August 12, 2013.
- "Lila May Banks Cockrell". Texas Women's Hall of Fame. Texas Woman's University. Retrieved November 9, 2016.
- Delta Delta Delta Biography
- City of San Antonio's Lila Cockrell Theatre Website
- Interviews with Lila Cockrell, July 25, 1984, July 15, 1994, April 9, 1997, University of Texas at San Antonio: Institute of Texan Cultures: Oral History Collections, UA 15.01, University of Texas at San Antonio Libraries Special Collections.
| Mayor of San Antonio
Charles L. Becker
| Mayor of San Antonio
Henry G. Cisneros