Open main menu

Lignerolles Airfield is an abandoned World War II military airfield near the commune of Lignerolles in the Normandy region of northern France.

Lignerolles Airfield
Advanced Landing Ground (ALG) A-12
Basse-Normandie Region, France
362d Fighter Group P-47D 44-33287.jpg
Colonel J.L. Laughlin, of the 362nd Fighter Group, smokes a cigar with his dog mascot "Prince" inside the cockpit of his P-47D serial 44-33287 "Five By Five" (coded B8-A)
Lignerolles Airfield is located in France
Lignerolles Airfield
Lignerolles Airfield
Coordinates49°10′32″N 000°47′24″W / 49.17556°N 0.79000°W / 49.17556; -0.79000 (A-12 Lignerolles)Coordinates: 49°10′32″N 000°47′24″W / 49.17556°N 0.79000°W / 49.17556; -0.79000 (A-12 Lignerolles)
TypeMilitary Airfield
Site information
Controlled byUS Army Air Corps Hap Arnold Wings.svg  United States Army Air Forces
Site history
Built byIX Engineering Command
In useJuly–November 1944
MaterialsPrefabricated Hessian Surfacing (PHS)
Battles/warsEuropean-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Streamer.jpg
World War II - EAME Theater
  • Northern France Campaign
Garrison information
GarrisonPatch9thusaaf.png  Ninth Air Force
Occupants
  • 362d Fighter Group
  • 365th Fighter Group
Airfield information
Runways
Direction Length and surface
07/25 5,000 feet (1,520 m) SMT/PSP
One runway, 4 alert pads, 50 hardstands[1]
A two-seat P-47 Thunderbolt nicknamed "Astra" of the 365th Fighter Group.

Located to the south and east of Lignerolles, the United States Army Air Force established a temporary airfield on 6 July 1944, shortly after the Allied landings in France The airfield was constructed by the IX Engineering Command, 820th Engineer Aviation Battalion.

HistoryEdit

Known as Advanced Landing Ground "A-12", the airfield consisted of a single Prefabricated Hessian Surfacing runway. In addition, tents were used for billeting and also for support facilities; an access road was built to the existing road infrastructure; a dump for supplies, ammunition, and gasoline drums, along with a drinkable water and minimal electrical grid for communications and station lighting.[2]

The fighter planes from Lignerolles flew support missions during the Allied invasion of Normandy, patrolling roads in front of the beachhead; strafing German military vehicles and dropping bombs on gun emplacements, anti-aircraft artillery and concentrations of German troops in Normandy and Brittany when spotted.

In the beginning of September 1944, 34 Wing (RAF) was moved from RAF Northolt to Lignerolles. The wing operated two photographic reconnaissance squadrons from the airfield in support of the Canadian Army.

After the Americans and British moved east into Central France with the advancing Allied Armies, the airfield was left un-garrisoned and used for resupply and casualty evacuation. It was closed on 4 November 1944 and the land returned to agricultural use.[3]

Major units assignedEdit

377th (E4), 378th (G8), 379th (B6) Fighter Squadrons (P-47)[4]
386th (D5), 387th (B4), 388th (C4) Fighter Squadrons (P-47D)[4]
  • 34 Wing (Royal Air Force), September 1944
69 Squadron (MJ) (Spitfires XI), 140 Squadron (ZW) (Mosquito XVI)

Current useEdit

Today there is little or no physical evidence of the airfield's existence. A memorial to the men and units that were stationed at Lignerolles was placed at the site of the former airfield. It is located along a path that starts from the D13 at the place called The Hodam.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  1. ^ Lignerolles Airfield
  2. ^ IX Engineer Command ETO Airfields, Airfield Layout
  3. ^ Johnson, David C. (1988), U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO), D-Day to V-E Day; Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center, Maxwell AFB, Alabama.
  4. ^ a b Maurer, Maurer. Air Force Combat Units of World War II. Maxwell AFB, Alabama: Office of Air Force History, 1983. ISBN 0-89201-092-4.

External linksEdit