Lezgi Gazet (Lezgian: Лезги газет, Russian: Лезгинская газета) is a Lezgin-language newspaper published in Dagestan, Russia, first established in the early days of the Soviet Union.

Лезги газет (Lezgi Gazet)
Lezgi Gazet.jpg
Typeweekly newspaper
FormatA3 (Tabloid)
Founder(s)Hajibey Hajibeyov
Editor-in-chiefАгариза Саидов (Aragiza Saidov)
Deputy editorШихмурад Шихмурадов (Shikhmurad Shikhmuradov)
Founded21 July 1928
LanguageLezgin
Ceased publication1931
Relaunched1943
HeadquartersMakhachkala
Country
Circulation~10,000 (2010)
Websitewww.lezgigazet.ru

HistoryEdit

The newspaper was established in 1928 with the name The New World (ЦIийи дуьнья) by Hajibey Hajibeyov (Lezgian: Гьажибег Гьажибегов, Russian: Гаджибек Гаджибеков), who that same year created the first official alphabet for Lezgin. (Previously Lezgin was written in Arabic script.) "The New World" was the first Lezgin-language publication using its own alphabet.[1]

The newspaper changed names several times. The paper ceased publication in 1931, but in 1943 returned under the name Banner of Socialism (Социализмдин пайдах).[2][3]

In 1951, the Soviet Union required all non-Russian newspapers to rely on the Communist Party of the Soviet Union's newspaper, Pravda, for their content. The Lezgi newspaper was renamed Dagestani Truth (Дагъустандин гьакъикъат), and almost all of its content consisted of translated articles published in the Russian-language Dagestani Truth (Дагестанская правда).[4]

Agariza Saidov, editor of the Lezgi Gazet since 1994, said, "This decision was ill-conceived and erroneous, since it hindered the development of the culture, language and literature in native languages." In 1957, the Communist Party reversed its decision and the newspaper resumed publication of its own content under the name, Kommunist (Коммунист).[4]

In 1978, the paper received the Order of the Badge of Honour from the Soviet government.[4]

By 1973, it was published three times per week and had a circulation of 20,000.[5]

For many years, the newspaper published the works of Shah Amir Muradov [ru] (1913—1996), called "the national poet of Dagestan," who also translated the works of Russian poets like Alexander Pushkin into the Lezgin language.[6]

After the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991, the newspaper changed its name to Lezgi Gazet.[7] Its circulation was approximately 4,000 in 1994.

Current statusEdit

The newspaper reports focus on politics, economics, society, culture and sport. It also regularly features interviews and profiles related to Lezgin culture and history.[7]

Lezgi Gazet is currently one of a few Lezgin-language publications serving the approximately 380,000 ethnic Lezgins in Dagestan.[8][7] In 2010, the newspaper had 36 employees and a circulation of approximately 10,000.[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dzhonrid Akhmedov. "Гаджибек Гаджибеков" [Hajibey Hajibeyov] (in Russian).
  2. ^ "Лезгинские издания" [Lezgin Editions] (in Russian). Lezgi Yar. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  3. ^ "Халкьдин милли газет" (in Lezghian). Suleyman-Stalsky District. 10 January 2010n. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d Agariza Saidov. "История "Лезги газет"" [History of Lezgi Gazet]. Lezgi Gazet (in Russian). Archived from the original on November 4, 2013. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  5. ^ Great Soviet Encyclopedia: «Коммунист» (газета Дагестанской АССР)
  6. ^ "Шах-Эмир Мурадов" (in Russian). Lezgi Yar. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  7. ^ a b c "Республиканская газета "Лезги газет" на лезгинском языке" [Republic newspaper "Lezgi Gazet" in Lezgin]. Republic of Dagestan Ministry of Press and Information. Archived from the original on 16 June 2015. Retrieved 25 January 2015.
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.