Letter to an Anti-Zionist Friend
"Letter to an Anti-Zionist Friend" is an open letter falsely attributed to Martin Luther King Jr. that expressed support for Zionism and declared that "anti-Zionist is inherently anti-Semitic, and ever will be so." The letter has been widely quoted on the internet and in a speech of the politician Ariel Sharon. The proclaimed sources of the letter, such as an appearance in the Saturday Review from August 1967, do not exist. The first known reference to the text appeared 1999, over thirty years after King's death.
The letter may have been based on a statement made by King at a dinner event in Cambridge, Massachusetts. According to Seymour Martin Lipset, who was present at that dinner, an African American student made a statement sharply critical of Zionists at the dinner that Lipset recalled as having taken place "shortly before he was assassinated" , and King replied: "Don't talk like that. When people criticize Zionists, they mean Jews. You're talking anti-Semitism."
According to Eric Sundquist, a professor at UCLA, "eventually, through channels that are difficult to pin down", this quotation was transformed into a text purportedly by King titled 'Letter to an Anti-Zionist Friend,' which supposedly appeared in an August 1967 issue of Saturday Review and was purportedly reprinted in a book This I Believe: Selections from the Writings of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. However, no such letter was published in any of the four Saturday Review issues released that month, and no book by that name has been located. The letter was not found in the King archives at Boston University.
There appear to be no references to the letter before 1999. Tim Wise suggests that it originated with Marc Schneier, who published portions of it in Shared Dreams: Martin Luther King Jr. and the Jewish Community that year.
Fadi Kiblawi and Will Youmans have questioned the authenticity of Lipset's account. According to a Harvard Crimson article published days after King's death, King had not been to Cambridge since April 23, 1967. Kiblawi and Youmans did not find any 1968 speeches by King in the Stanford University archives. However, Martin Kramer found that King had been in Boston on October 27, 1967, where he spoke at the Cambridge home of Marty Peretz, then an instructor of Social Studies at Harvard, and rebuked an anti-Zionist student in Lipset's presence.
The letter was quoted by Ariel Sharon before the Knesset on January 26, 2005. It was also cited by the Anti-Defamation League in testimony before the United States House of Representatives. Other prominent individuals quoting the letter include Natan Sharansky and Mortimer Zuckerman.
Correspondence with King's viewsEdit
According to Sundquist, King "paid frequent tribute to Jewish support for black rights, defended Israel's right to exist, supported the Jewish state during the Six-Day War (while calling for a negotiated settlement in keeping with his advocacy of nonviolence), and on more than one occasion opposed the anti-Zionism then taking increasing hold in the Black Power movement." According to Sundquist, while the letter is a hoax, the sentiments it expresses are those of King. Sundquist states that the positions expressed in the forged letter "are in no way at odds with King's views."
Wise asserts that King "appears never to have made any public comment about Zionism per se." According to Wise, the Lipset quote does not support the claim that opposition to Zionism was inherently anti-Semitic, and the comment in question may have been limited to the specific circumstances: "As for what King would say today about Israel, Zionism, and the Palestinian struggle, one can only speculate." Kiblawi and Youmans suggest that a reliance on King's views in this matter constitutes a fallacious argument from authority, since Middle East issues were not among King's areas of expertise. They also assert that the Lipset quote was a reply to explicitly anti-white and anti-Semitic militancy of the time, and that most modern-day renditions omit this "crucial context".
- The alleged text of the document is available on a number of different websites; see  and  for examples.
- Sundquist, Eric J. (2005). Strangers in the Land: Blacks, Jews, Post-Holocaust America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. 109. ISBN 0-674-01942-3.
- Lipset, Seymour Martin (1969). "The Socialism of Fools": The Left, the Jews, and Israel. New York, NY: Anti-Defamation League. p. 7.
- Wise, Tim (January 21, 2003). "Fraud fit for a King: Israel, Zionism, and the misuse of MLK". Z Magazine. Retrieved December 22, 2017.
- Green, Lee (January 22, 2002). "CAMERA ALERT: Letter by Martin Luther King a Hoax". Committee for Accuracy in Middle East Reporting in America. Retrieved August 26, 2009.
- Burchill, Julie (December 27, 2003). "Corrections and Clarifications". The Guardian. London. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- Kiblawi, Fadi; Youmans, Will (January 17, 2004). "The Use and Abuse of Martin Luther King Jr. by Israel's Apologists". CounterPunch. Retrieved November 4, 2017.
- "While You Were Away". The Harvard Crimson. April 8, 1968. Retrieved September 10, 2009.
- Kramer, Martin (March 12, 2012). "In the words of Martin Luther King..." Martin Kramer on the Middle East. Retrieved August 18, 2016.
- PM Sharon's Knesset Speech Marking the Struggle Against Anti-Semitism (January 26, 2005) Archived May 19, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- A Discussion on the U.N. World Conference Against Racism; Hearing before the Subcommittee on International Operations and Human Rights U.S. House of Representatives, July 31, 2001.
- Sharansky, Natan (November 2003). "On Hating the Jews". Commentary. Retrieved November 5, 2017.
- Zuckerman, Mortimer (September 17, 2001). "Running the Asylum". U.S. News & World Report. ProQuest 274719788.
- Sundquist, Eric J. (2005). Strangers in the Land: Blacks, Jews, Post-Holocaust America. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. p. 110. ISBN 0-674-01942-3.
- Alexander, Michelle (January 19, 2019). "Time to Break the Silence on Palestine". The New York Times. (includes analysis of King's views on Israel)
- Kramer, Martin (2016). "In the Words of Martin Luther King" (PDF). The War on Error: Israel, Islam, and the Middle East. New Brunswick, N.J.: Transaction. pp. 253–267. ISBN 978-1-4128-6499-2.