Les Misérables (1958 film)
Les Misérables is a 1958 film adaptation of the 1862 Victor Hugo novel. Written by Michel Audiard and René Barjavel, the film was directed by Jean-Paul Le Chanois and stars Jean Gabin as Jean Valjean.
|Directed by||Jean-Paul Le Chanois|
|Based on||Les Misérables|
by Victor Hugo
|Music by||Georges Van Parys|
Deutsche Film (DEFA)
|Box office||9,968,993 admissions (France)|
The bishop's background is briefly sketched rather than detailed as in the novel. Javert is a young boy, the son of a guard in the Toulon prison, when he sees Valjean as a convict. Javert comes to arrest Jean Valjean when he is in the house of Thénardier intending to take Cosette with him. Sister Simplice admits Valjean and Cosette to the convent instead of Father Fauchevent. Thénardier, in disguise, meets Marius and proves to him with the help of newspaper clippings that he is completely mistaken about Valjean's criminal past.
- Jean Gabin as Jean Valjean/Champmathieu
- Bernard Blier as Javert (father and son)
- Danièle Delorme as Fantine
- Bourvil as Thénardier
- Elfriede Florin as La Thénardier
- Giani Esposito as Marius Pontmercy
- Béatrice Altariba as Cosette
- Martine Havet as young Cosette
- Silvia Monfort as Éponine
- Mireille Daix as young Éponine
- Jimmy Urbain as Gavroche
- Serge Reggiani as Enjolras
- Fernand Ledoux as Monseigneur Myriel
- Isabelle Lobbé as Azelma
- Jean d'Yd as Mabeuf
- Jean Murat as Colonel Georges Pontmercy
- Lucien Baroux as Monsieur Gillenormand
- Suzanne Nivette as Mademoiselle Gillenormand
- Jacques Harden as Courfeyrac
- Marc Eyraud as Grantaire
- Werner Dissel as Brevet
- Beyert as Bahorel
- Hans-Ulrich Laufer as Combeferre
- Gérard Darrieu as Feuilly
- Pierre Tabard as Prouvaire
- Henri Guégan as Laigle
- Julienne Paroli as Madame Magloire
- Laure Paillette as Toussaint
- Madeleine Barbulée as Soeur Simplice
- Christian Fourcade as Petit Gervais
- Bernard Musson as Bamatabois
- René Fleur as The cardinal
- Ardisson as A gendarme
- Jean Ozenne as The prefect of Montreuil
- Gerhard Bienert as The president of the court
- Harry Hindemith as Un bagnard
Called "the most memorable film version", it was filmed in East Germany and was overtly political. Of the many film adaptations of the novel, this has been called "the one most popular with audiences in postwar France". One noteworthy plot change was made to accommodate the fact that the actors playing the roles of Valjean and Javert were far apart in age, rather than near contemporaries as in the novel. Instead of Javert recognizing Valjean as a convict he had often guarded years earlier, he remembers how, when he was just a boy, his prison guard father had pointed out this man as "the worst kind of prisoner, who tried to escape four times".
The movie was a massive hit in France, the second most popular of 1958.
The New York Times described it as one of the first French "blockbusters" that appeared in response to such lengthy feature films as Around the World in 80 Days and The Ten Commandments. It said it was "a ponderous four-hour retelling of Victor Hugo's oft-filmed epic. ... Not a page is skipped ... Too literary, it has the saving grace of Jean Gabin's truly heroic depiction of Jean Valjean plus some stirring scenes on the barricades." It was a "quintessential Gabin role ... that of a loner, an outsider, usually a member of the lower orders who may flirt with love and happiness but knows they are not for him".
- "Most Admissions 1958". Box Office Story. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
- Les Misérables (1958 film) at IMDb retrieved 30 March 2008
- Behr, Edward (1989). The Complete Book of Les Misérables. NY: Arcade. pp. 152–3.
- Van Gelder, Lawrence (7 July 1989). "Jean Gabin In 'Les Miz,' In French". New York Times. Retrieved 27 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Moskowitz, Gene (20 April 1958). "Films along the Seine" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved 27 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
- Hess, John L. (16 November 1976). "Jean Gabin, 72, French Film Star who Played Hero-Victim, is Dead" (PDF). New York Times. Retrieved 27 January 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)