Leptothrix (bacterium)

Leptothrix is a genus of Gram-negative bacteria in the class Betaproteobacteria.[3] The name is from the Greek leptos thrix (literally 'fine hair').[1] They occur in standing or slow-flowing, ferruginous, neutral to slightly acidic fresh waters with only low concentrations of organic matter. The energy metabolism of Leptothrix is strictly aerobic, oxidative, and chemoorganoheterotrophic. Five species are known: L. ochracea, L. discophora, L. cholodnii, L. lopholea, and L. mobilis.

Scientific classification e
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Betaproteobacteria
Order: Burkholderiales
(unranked): incertae sedis
Genus: Leptothrix
Kützing 1843[1]
Type species
Leptothrix ochracea
(Roth 1797) Kützing 1843[1]


  1. ^ a b c Parte, Aidan C.; Euzéby, Jean P. "Genus Leptothrix". List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
  2. ^ "Leptothrix". NCBI taxonomy. Bethesda, MD: National Center for Biotechnology Information. Retrieved 14 December 2017. Other names: synonym: Detoniella Trevisan in de Toni and Trevisan 1889 synonym: Chlamydothrix synonym: "Chlamydothrix" Migula 1900 Lineage( full ) cellular organisms; Bacteria; Proteobacteria; Betaproteobacteria; Burkholderiales; unclassified Burkholderiales; Burkholderiales Genera incertae sedis
  3. ^ Emerson D. Reitner J, Thiel V (eds.). "Encyclopedia of Geobiology - Leptothrix". SpringerReference. Archived from the original on 9 June 2013.