Leonurus japonicus, commonly called oriental motherwort[3] or Chinese motherwort, is a herbaceous flowering plant native to Asia, including Korea and Japan, and China to Cambodia.

Leonurus japonicus
Leonurus japonicus[1]
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Lamiaceae
Genus: Leonurus
L. japonicus
Binomial name
Leonurus japonicus
  • Leonurus artemisia (Lour.) S.Y.Hu
  • Leonurus heterophyllus Sweet
  • Leonurus sibiricus auct. pl.
  • Stachys artemisia Lour.

Description Edit

Plants are annual or biennial, growing from taproots. The stems are upright growing to a height of 30 to 120 cm (12 to 47 in). The flowers are sessile and produced in verticillasters. The calyx is tubular-campanulate shaped and 6 to 8 mm (0.24 to 0.31 in) long with broad triangle shaped teeth. The corolla is white or reddish to purplish red in color. Plants bloom from June to September.[4]

It has escaped cultivation and become naturalized in other parts of the world including South and North America, Europe and Africa.

Uses Edit

Leonurus japonicus is one of the 50 fundamental herbs used in traditional Chinese medicine, where it is called yìmǔcǎo (Chinese: 益母草), literally "beneficial herb for mothers". It is used in cases of menstrual and delivery disorders caused by blood stasis such as dysmenorrhea and amenorrhea.[5]

Chemical constituents Edit

Chemical compounds found in Leonurus japonicus include guanosine, rutin, syringic acid, and stigmasterol.[6]

Gallery Edit

References Edit

  1. ^ Flora de Filipinas, Gran edicion, [Atlas II].[1], by Francisco Manuel Blanco circa 1880
  2. ^ a b "Leonurus japonicus". Germplasm Resources Information Network. Agricultural Research Service, United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 2008-02-11.
  3. ^ English Names for Korean Native Plants (PDF). Pocheon: Korea National Arboretum. 2015. p. 513. ISBN 978-89-97450-98-5. Archived from the original (PDF) on 25 May 2017. Retrieved 4 January 2017 – via Korea Forest Service.
  4. ^ Flora of China
  5. ^ Miao, Lu-Lin; Zhou, Qin-Mei; Peng, Cheng; Liu, Zhao-Hua; Xiong, Liang (2019-09-01). "Leonurus japonicus (Chinese motherwort), an excellent traditional medicine for obstetrical and gynecological diseases: A comprehensive overview". Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy. 117: 109060. doi:10.1016/j.biopha.2019.109060. ISSN 0753-3322. PMID 31195353. S2CID 189815900.
  6. ^ "Natural Products isolated from Leonurus japonicus - BioCrick".

External links Edit