Lembi Battery

Lembi Battery, also known as Qala Lembi Battery (Maltese: Batterija t'Għar il-Lembi), was an artillery battery in Sliema, Malta. It was built in 1757 by the Order of Saint John, and was considered as an outwork of Fort Manoel. The battery became obsolete with the construction of Fort Tigné in 1795, and it was briefly used as a summer residence before being demolished. In the 1870s, Cambridge Battery was built close to the site of Lembi Battery.[1]

Lembi Battery
Batterija t'Għar il-Lembi
Part of Fort Manoel
Sliema, Malta
Lembi Battery map.png
Map of Lembi Battery
Coordinates35°54′33.3″N 14°30′31.4″E / 35.909250°N 14.508722°E / 35.909250; 14.508722
TypeArtillery battery
Site history
Built1757
Built byOrder of Saint John
In use1757–1795
MaterialsLimestone
FateDemolished

The battery was also referred to as Fort Lembi, Lembi Tower or Lembi Redoubt.

HistoryEdit

Lembi Battery was built in 1757, and was considered to be an outwork of Fort Manoel, since it was intended to prevent an attacking enemy from bombarding the northern flank of the fort. The battery had a triangular gun platform and a small blockhouse attached to one side, and it was surrounded by a ditch.[2] It was armed with six 12-pounder guns.

The battery became obsolete when Fort Tigné was built in 1795,[2] and its artillery was removed. It became a summer residence of the knight Fra Amante de Fargues.[3]

During the French blockade of 1798–1800, Maltese insurgents built a number of batteries close to the former Lembi Battery in order to bombard Fort Tigné, which was then held by the French.[4]

The battery was demolished later on in the 19th century. In 1878, Cambridge Battery began to be built close to its site.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Fort Cambridge Development Brief". MEPA. January 2006. p. 11. Archived from the original on 14 June 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  2. ^ a b Thake, Conrad (25 September 2005). "A Case of mistaken identity". The Malta Independent. Retrieved 14 June 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  3. ^ Spiteri, Stephen C. (2014). "Fort Manoel". ARX Occasional Papers (4). Retrieved 14 June 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ Spiteri, Stephen C. (May 2008). "Maltese 'siege' batteries of the blockade 1798–1800" (PDF). Arx – Online Journal of Military Architecture and Fortification (6): 41–43. Retrieved 14 June 2015. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)