A jurist is a person with expert knowledge of law; someone who analyses and comments on law. This person is usually a specialist legal scholar—not necessarily with a formal qualification in law or a legal practitioner, although in the United States the term "jurist" may be applied to a judge. With reference to Roman law, a "jurist" (in English) is a jurisconsult (jurisconsulta).
The English term jurist is to be distinguished from similar terms in other European languages, where it may be synonymous with legal professional, i.e. anyone with a professional law degree that qualifies for legal work.
A person who is a member of a jury is called a juror.
Some notable historical jurists[clarification needed] include:
- Vieto Piergiovanni (2000). Comparative Studies in Continental and Anglo-American Legal History. Germany: Duncker & Humblot. p. 236. ISBN 978-3428097562.
- "One who professes or treats of law; one versed in the science of law; a legal writer": "Jurist". Oxford English Dictionary online. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
- Garner, Bryan A., ed. (2019). "Jurist". Black's Law Dictionary (11 ed.). St. Paul, Minn.: West.
- "Definition of Jurisconsult". www.merriam-webster.com.
- Media related to Jurists at Wikimedia Commons