Lee Smith (born November 1, 1944) is an American fiction author who typically incorporates much of her background from the Southeastern United States in her works. She has received writing awards, such as the O. Henry Award, the American Academy of Arts and Letters Award for Fiction, the North Carolina Award for Literature, and, in April 2013, was the first recipient of Mercer University's Sidney Lanier Prize for Southern Literature. Her novel The Last Girls was listed on the New York Times bestseller's list and won the Southern Book Critics Circle Award. Mrs Darcy and the Blue-Eyed Stranger, a collection of new and selected stories, was published in 2010.
Early life and educationEdit
Smith was born in 1944 in Grundy, Virginia, a small coal-mining town in the Appalachian Mountains, less than 10 miles from the Kentucky border. The Smith home sat on Main Street, and the Levisa Fork River ran just behind it. Her mother, Gig, was a college graduate who had come to Grundy to teach school. Her father, Ernest, was the owner and operator of a Ben Franklin store in Grundy.
Growing up in the Appalachian Mountains of southwestern Virginia, nine-year-old Lee Smith was already writing—and selling, for a nickel apiece—stories about her neighbors in the coal boomtown of Grundy and the nearby isolated "hollers." After spending her last two years of high school at St. Catherine's School in Richmond, Virginia, Smith enrolled at Hollins College in Roanoke. She and fellow student Annie Dillard (the well-known essayist and novelist) became go-go dancers for an all-girl rock band, the Virginia Woolfs. In 1966, her senior year at Hollins, Smith submitted an early draft of a coming-of-age novel to a Book-of-the-Month Club contest and was awarded one of twelve fellowships. Two years later, that novel, The Last Day the Dog Bushes Bloomed (Harper & Row, 1968), became Smith's first published work of fiction.
Since 1968, she has published fifteen novels, as well as four collections of short stories, and has received eight major writing awards including the Sidney Lanier Prize for Southern Literature in 2013. Her memoir Dimestore: A Writer’s Life published in 2016 is the story of her life in Grundy and beyond.
Following her graduation from Hollins, Smith married James Seay, a poet and teacher, whom she accompanied from university to university as his teaching assignments changed. They had two sons. In 1971 she had completed her second novel, Something in the Wind, which garnered generally favorable reviews. Her next novel was Fancy Strut (1973).
In 1974 Smith and her family moved to Chapel Hill, North Carolina, where she finished Black Mountain Breakdown (1981), a much darker work than her readers had come to expect. Next she turned her attention to short stories, for which she won O. Henry Awards in 1978 and 1980. Smith published her first collection of short stories Cakewalk in 1981. It was also about this time that her marriage broke up, and she accepted a teaching job at North Carolina State University in Raleigh, where she taught for many years. In 1983 her fifth novel, Oral History, became a Book-of-the-Month Club featured selection, exposing Smith for the first time to a wide national audience.
In 1985 she published Family Linen. That same year Smith - who was by then divorced from Seay - married journalist Hal Crowther, to whom she dedicated the new book.
Since then, Smith has published Fair and Tender Ladies (1988) and Me and My Baby View the Eclipse (1990), her second book of short stories. In 1992 she published The Devil's Dream, a generational saga about a family of country musicians. In 1995 her ninth novel, Saving Grace, was published, and in 1996 the novella The Christmas Letters, her eleventh work of fiction, was published. News of the Spirit, a collection of stories and novellas, was published in 1997, and she published New York Times Bestseller The Last Girls in 2002.
On Agate Hill (2006), is set in the piedmont South during Reconstruction. The New York Times found the young narrator's voice to be occasionally unconvincing, but praised "Smith's inventive storytelling".
Guests on Earth (2013) is based on the life of Zelda Fitzgerald. It is narrated by Evalina Toussaint, a former piano prodigy living in a mental hospital where she meets Zelda. The Washington Post called it "a carefully researched, utterly charming novel".
In April 2020, Smith published Blue Marlin, a novella that follows Jenny, an adventurous thirteen-year-old, down to Key West for a patched-up family vacation following the discovery of her father’s illicit affair. The book was published by Blair.
- The Last Day the Dogbushes Bloomed (1968)
- Something in the Wind (1971)
- Fancy Strut (1973)
- Black Mountain Breakdown (1980)
- Oral History (1983)
- Family Linen (1985)
- Fair and Tender Ladies (1988)
- The Devil's Dream (1992)
- Saving Grace (1995)
- The Christmas Letters (1996)
- The Last Girls (2003)
- On Agate Hill (2006)
- Guests on Earth (2013)
- Blue Marlin (2020)
Short story collectionsEdit
- Cakewalk (1981)
- Me and My Baby View the Eclipse (1990)
- News of the Spirit (1997)
- Mrs. Darcy and the Blue-Eyed Stranger (2010)
- Dimestore: A Writer's Life (2016)
- "The Awards of Lee Smith". North Carolina State Universities website. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
- Weeks, Isaac (October 12, 2013). "Bookstores celebrate Southern writer Lee Smith's 45 years of publishing". Raleigh News and Observer. Archived from the original on January 16, 2014. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
- Webb, Gina. "Lee Smith writes what she knows in memoir 'Dimestore'". ajc. Atlanta Courier-Journal. Retrieved January 29, 2017.
- Hoffman, Roy (October 8, 2006). "History's Child". New York Times. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
- Wolfe Boynton, Cindy (October 19, 2013). "REVIEW: 'Guests on Earth,' by Lee Smith". Minneapolis Star Tribune. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
- See, Carolyn (November 15, 2013). "GUESTS ON EARTH, by Lee Smith (review)". Washington Post. Retrieved January 15, 2014.
- Smith, Lee (2006). On Agate Hill : a novel (1st ed.). Chapel Hill: Algonquin. ISBN 1-56512-452-9.
- Lee Smith – the official author website
- Audio: Lee Smith at the Key West Literary Seminar, 2008: Keynote Address
- Audio: Lee Smith at the Key West Literary Seminar, 2005: "Humor"
- Lee Smith reading on November 15, 2006: Blackbird: An Online Journal of Literature and the Arts, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, Volume 5, No. 2 (Fall 2006)
- Guide to the Lee Marshall Smith Papers 1956-2019
- Guide to the Ben Jennings Papers about Lee Smith 1982-2007