Lee Cheuk-yan

Lee Cheuk-yan (Chinese: 李卓人; born 12 February 1957 in Shanghai[1]) is a Hong Kong politician and social activist.[2] He was a member of the Legislative Council of Hong Kong from 1995 to 2016, when he lost his seat. He represented the Kowloon West and the Manufacturing constituencies briefly in 1995 and had been representing the New Territories West constituency from 1998 to 2016. He is a trade union leader and General Secretary of the Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions, as well as former chairman of the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China.

Lee Cheuk-yan
李卓人
Democrats-fail-to-regain-veto-power-3 (cropped).jpg
Lee in 2018
Chairman of the Labour Party
In office
18 December 2011 – 13 December 2015
Succeeded bySuzanne Wu
Chairman of the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China
In office
2 January 2011 – 15 December 2014
DeputyRichard Tsoi
Mak Hoi-wah
Preceded bySzeto Wah
Succeeded byAlbert Ho
In office
8 December 2019 – 25 September 2021
DeputyChow Hang-tung
Preceded byAlbert Ho
Succeeded byOrganization dissolved
General Secretary of the Hong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions
In office
1990 – 3 October 2021
Member of the Legislative Council
In office
1 July 1998 – 30 September 2016
Preceded byNew parliament
Succeeded byCheng Chung-tai
ConstituencyNew Territories West
In office
11 October 1995 – 30 June 1997
Preceded byNew constituency
Succeeded byReplaced by Provisional Legislative Council
ConstituencyManufacturing
In office
10 February 1995 – 31 July 1995
Preceded byLau Chin-shek
Succeeded byLau Chin-shek
ConstituencyKowloon Central
Personal details
Born (1957-02-12) 12 February 1957 (age 64)
Shanghai, China
NationalityChinese
Political partyHong Kong Confederation of Trade Unions
Labour Party
Other political
affiliations
Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China
Spouse(s)Elizabeth Tang
Alma materUniversity of Hong Kong
OccupationLegislative Councillor
Trade unionists
Lee Cheuk-yan
Chinese李卓人

BackgroundEdit

Lee's ancestral home is at Chaoyang, Guangdong. Lee emigrated from Mainland China to Hong Kong in 1959. He graduated from the University of Hong Kong with a bachelor's degree in civil engineering in 1978.[3] Since his university days, he has been a labour and pro-democracy activist.

During the student-led Tiananmen Square protests of 1989, he collected donations from the Concert for Democracy in China in Hong Kong and travelled to Beijing to hand over the funds to student protesters in Tiananmen Square. He was detained by the authorities there and made to sign a confession letter before being allowed to return to Hong Kong. Since the events of 1989, Lee has remained a standing committee member of the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China which promotes democratic reform in China.

Legislative CouncillorEdit

In 1995, Lee was elected unopposed in a by-election of the Legislative Council, replacing Lau Chin-shek, who had resigned. He has since been re-elected four times, continuously serving as a lawmaker, except for a brief period during 1997 and 1998, when the sovereignty of Hong Kong was transferred to the People's Republic of China, and the Legislative Council temporarily became a Provisional Legislative Council, composed of Beijing nominees.

Labour PartyEdit

In December 2011, he and three other Legislative Councillors Fernando Cheung, Cyd Ho and Cheung Kwok-che co-founded the Labour Party, which became the third largest pan-democratic party in the legislature. He served as chairman until December 2015 when he stepped down to give way to the younger party members and took the vice-chairmanship.[4]

He received an unexpected loss in the 2016 Legislative Council election, departing the legislature after more than 20 years of service.

FamilyEdit

He is married to Elizabeth Tang, the chairperson of the Hong Kong People's Alliance on WTO. They have one daughter.[3]

ArrestsEdit

On 28 February 2020, Lee was arrested for his involvement in a pro-democracy march on 31 August 2019, which was part of the protests sparked by the extradition bill and had been classified by police as illegal assembly. A few hours later, he was released on bail, as were the other arrestees Jimmy Lai and Yeung Sum. The cases were scheduled to be heard at Eastern Law Court on 5 May 2020.[5][6]

On 18 April, Lee was one of the 15 Hong Kong high-profile democracy figures arrested on suspicion of organizing, publicizing or taking part in several unauthorized assemblies between August and October 2019 during the anti-extradition bill protests.[7][8] On 1 April 2021, Lee was convicted, along with six other pro-democracy advocates, for his role in a rally on 18 August 2019.[9][10] On 16 April, Lee was sentenced to 14 months in jail for his role in this and another August 2019 rally.[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 隔牆有耳:李卓人原來係富三代. Apple Daily. 23 March 2011.
  2. ^ Lo, Sonny Shiu-hing (2006). "The Politics of Policing the Anti-WTO Protests in Hong Kong". Asian Journal of Political Science. 14 (2): 140–162. doi:10.1080/02185370601063175.
  3. ^ a b "Hon LEE Cheuk-yan". Archived from the original on 30 September 2007. Retrieved 26 October 2008.
  4. ^ "工黨換班 女將胡穗珊任主席". Ming Pao (in Chinese). 13 December 2015.
  5. ^ Zhang, Karen; Lum, Alvin (28 February 2020). "Hong Kong tycoon Jimmy Lai charged over August 31 march, intimidation case". South China Morning Post. Retrieved 16 March 2020.
  6. ^ Wong, Rachel; Grundy, Tom (28 February 2020). "Hong Kong police arrest pro-democracy newspaper tycoon Jimmy Lai and Labour Party vice-chair Lee Cheuk-yan". HKFP. Retrieved 3 April 2020.
  7. ^ Yu, Elaine; Ramzy, Austin (18 April 2020). "Amid Pandemic, Hong Kong Arrests Major Pro-Democracy Figures". The New York Times. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  8. ^ Wong, Rachel (18 April 2020). "15 Hong Kong pro-democracy figures arrested in latest police round up". Hong Kong Free Press. Retrieved 18 April 2020.
  9. ^ "Hong Kong Democracy Leaders Given Jail Terms Amid Crackdown". courthousenews.com. 16 April 2020. Retrieved 11 July 2021.
  10. ^ Neuman, Scott (1 April 2021). "Hong Kong's Jimmy Lai, 6 Others, Found Guilty For Roles In Pro-Democracy Protests". NPR. Retrieved 5 July 2021.
  11. ^ Davidson, Helen (16 April 2021). "Hong Kong pro-democracy figures given jail terms of up to 18 months". The Guardian. Retrieved 5 July 2021.

External linksEdit

Legislative Council of Hong Kong
Preceded by Member of Legislative Council
Representative for Kowloon Central
March 1995 – September 1995
Served alongside: Lam Kui-shing
Succeeded byas Representative for Kowloon South
New seat Member of Legislative Council
Representative for Manufacturing
1995–1997
Replaced by Provisional Legislative Council
New parliament Member of Legislative Council
Representative for New Territories West
1998–2016
Succeeded by
Party political offices
New political party Chairman of Labour Party
2011–2015
Succeeded by
Non-profit organization positions
Preceded by Chairman of Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China
2011–2014
Succeeded by
Preceded by Chairman of Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China
2019–2021
Succeeded by
Organization dissolved
Order of precedence
Preceded by
Albert Ho
Member of the Legislative Council
Hong Kong order of precedence
Member of the Legislative Council
Succeeded by
James To
Member of the Legislative Council