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Las Patronas (English: The Bosses) is a group of volunteer women of La Patrona community, from the town of Guadalupe in the municipality of Amatlán de los Reyes, Veracruz. Since 1995 the group has provided food and assistance to migrants on their way north through Veracruz. Their work towards the defense of the migrant rights has earned them several awards, such as the National Human Rights Award in 2013. The group was nominated for the Princess of Asturias Award in 2015, after a campaign from Change.org that collected more than 50,000 signatures in support.
The group began in La Patrona, Veracruz, on February 14, 1995. On that day, group founders say they purchased food from a store, and saw a train known as La Bestia ("The Beast") which was carrying migrants, who asked for food. The women gave the migrants food, and returned home, where they spoke about the experience. They then decided to continue the work.
Support work migrantsEdit
The group prepares between fifteen and twenty kilograms of rice and beans per day. They deliver about 300 lunches daily. When passing the Beast, they have approximately 15 minutes to throw the bags with food, as well as bottles of water, for migrants to catch them on the train.
Norma, Bernarda, Rosa, Nila, Tere, Toña, Karla, Karina, Doña Tere, Julia, Pepe, Virginia, Uriel y Anahí Las Patronas.
|2013||National Human Rights Award||National Human Rights Commission|
|2013||National Award for Voluntary Action and Solidarity||Federal government of Mexico|
|2013||Premio Nacional de Derechos Humanos “Don Sergio Méndez Arceo”||Don Sergio Mendez Arceo Foundation|
Solidarity with other organizationsEdit
On November 26, 2011 in Xalapa, Veracruz a day of artistic and cultural solidarity called Go by The Bosses was organized. During this action the population donated non-perishable food and clothing in good condition. The group that organized the event was supported by figures such as Elena Poniatowska, Damian Alcazar and Jesusa Rodriguez. During the day six tons of food were collected. On June 2, 2012 a second day also in Xalapa, Veracruz organized this year by the jazz community where he brought together a load of approximately half ton of food and clothing donations from organized.
In September 2012 a campaign of support in Puebla also began with a series of photographic exhibitions, roundtable discussions and screenings of documentaries where besides food, medicines and money were collected, in order to ensure the work of the patrons by at least one year.
The Bosses and other groupsEdit
On March 8, 2016 participated in Santiago de Compostela, Spain in the lecture series "No one is illegal" organized by the Party Sain.
In the beginning, they faced negative criticism in their own community, prompting the departure of some people who supported the group in their daily work: "We were 20 at first, but misinformation, fear that maybe we did something wrong, made some will leave" Bernarda.
Religious social activists linked to migrant advocacy movement have denounced hostilities against La Patrona by the local ecclesiastical institution:
"they have disavowed them, and that I heard personally, because they have not unionized with the hierarchy of Córdoba, they do not work for the bishopric of Córdoba, and although they are Catholic faithful, They are not a docile parishioner, and that is why they are unknown to them, despite the fact that they are a prophetic and service symbol, that hurts the hierarchy of Córdoba"
"it must be said publicly: our Patroness sisters are being harassed by our Church, that Church to which we belong, and like them, there are countless more defenders of migrants victims of harassment."— Fray Tomás González
|De Nadie||2005||Mexico||Tin Dirdamal||82 min.|
|La Patrona (short)||2009||Mexico||Lizette Argüello||5 min.|
|El tren de las moscas (short)||2010||Spain||Nieves Prieto and Fernando Lopez Castillo Tassie||14 min.|
|Llévate mis amores||2014||Mexico||Arturo González Villaseñor||90 min.|
|Como el viento||2015||Mexico||Santiago Dávial y Julián Álvarez||7 min.|
- ^ "The Bosses' that feed migrants, Human Rights Award 2013". CNN. Archived from the original on 19 February 2015. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
- ^ "They, The Bosses". Country. Retrieved 12 May 2016.
- ^ "laspatronas" (in Spanish). December 17, 2015. Archived from the original on February 20, 2016. Retrieved May 13, 2016.
- ^ "La activista Norma Romero obtiene el Premio Nacional de Derechos Humanos 2013". Revista Proceso (in Spanish). March 14, 2015. Retrieved May 21, 2016.
- ^ "La Patrona, an oasis in the way of migrants". Desinformémonos. September 1, 2011. Retrieved 14 March 2015.
- ^ "Church harasses The Bosses and priests who defend migrants". Desinformémonos. 20 August 2013. Retrieved 14 March 2015.