Lambton Quay

  (Redirected from Lambton Quay, Wellington)

Lambton Quay (once known as 'The Beach') is the heart of the central business district of Wellington, the capital city of New Zealand.[1][2]

Lambton Quay
MLC Building 01.jpg
The MLC Building near the south end of Lambton Quay, at Hunter St
Maintained byWellington City Council
LocationWellington, New Zealand
Postal code6011
North endFeatherston Street/Mulgrave Street/Thorndon Quay
South endCustomhouse Quay/Willeston Street/Willis Street

Originally, as the name implies, it was the high-water line of the foreshore, and sometimes the sea would roll across the road and enter the shops on the opposite side.[3] It was the site of the original European settlement in 1840 (following initial settlement on flood-prone land at Petone), which grew into Wellington.[4] In the 19th century Pipitea Pa was situated at the extreme northern end of Lambton Quay - the section of road in this area is now known as Thorndon Quay.[5] Land uplift caused by the 1855 Wairarapa earthquake and further reclamation have left Lambton Quay some 250 metres from the current shoreline.[1][6] Kumototo Stream used to flow from the Terrace, down what is now Woodward Street and across Lambton Quay to the waterfront. This stream was culverted in the late 19th century.[7]

Lambton Quay is named after John Lambton, 1st Earl of Durham, the first chairman of directors of the New Zealand Company.[1]

Lambton Quay, Willis Street and Courtenay Place form what is known locally as the Golden Mile.[8] The city's retail trade has spread further south to include Manners Street and Cuba Street, but Lambton Quay remains a major commercial thoroughfare. In 2020 it was estimated that about 70,000 people travel on Lambton Quay and Willis Street each day, mostly on foot or by bus.[9] It is also of administrative significance, with the New Zealand Parliament Buildings towards the northern end.[10] The Wellington cenotaph is also located at this end, next to Parliament.[11]

The Wellington Cable Car runs from Lambton Quay to the top of the Botanic Garden. James Henry Marriott, who arrived from London in 1843, had a bookshop here.[12]

The length of Lambton Quay is punctuated by several notable sculptures.[13]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Thomson, Rebecca (28 August 2013). "Streetwise History: Lambton Quay". Stuff. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  2. ^ Holmes, William Howard; Taonga, New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage Te Manatu. "Lambton Quay, 1856". teara.govt.nz. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  3. ^ Holmes, William Howard; Taonga, New Zealand Ministry for Culture and Heritage Te Manatu. "Lambton Quay, 1856". teara.govt.nz. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  4. ^ "History of Wellington". www.lonelyplanet.com. 2018. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  5. ^ "Story Map Journal". wcc.maps.arcgis.com. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  6. ^ "Waterfront reclamation". Wellington City Council. 19 February 2015. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  7. ^ "[untitled]". The Dominion. 14 November 1907. Retrieved 21 July 2021 – via Paperspast.
  8. ^ "Golden Mile Improvements". lgwm.nz. 2021. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  9. ^ Stantec (June 2020). "Golden Mile Short List Options Report" (PDF). Let's Get Wellington Moving. p. 1. Retrieved 21 July 2021.
  10. ^ Harris, Catherine (18 September 2015). "Government precinct's makeover begins with Masons Lane revamp". Stuff. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  11. ^ "Wellington Cenotaph". wellingtoncityheritage.org.nz. 25 September 2017. Retrieved 19 January 2021.
  12. ^ Downes, Peter. "James Henry Marriott". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 1 March 2019.
  13. ^ "Wellington sculpture tours - Wellington sculpture tours". www.sculptures.org.nz. Retrieved 15 September 2019.

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 41°16′54″S 174°46′34″E / 41.281615°S 174.776043°E / -41.281615; 174.776043