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Dom Lambert Beauduin OSB (August 5, 1873–January 11, 1960) was a Belgian monk who founded the monastery now known as Chevetogne Abbey in 1925.[1] He was a leading member of the Belgian Liturgical Movement.

Lambert Beauduin.

Contents

LifeEdit

Born Octavo Beauduin at Rosoux-les-Waremme August 5, 1873, his family was of the landed gentry. He studied at the seminary in Liège, and became a diocesan priest. After ordination, he joined the Société des Aumôniers du Travail, (Society of Labor Chaplains) where he ministered to working class people and worked for the improvement of social conditions for industrial workers.[2]

In 1906, he became a monk of the Benedictine Mont César Abbey in Leuven, and was given the name "Lambert". There he was greatly influenced by the prior, Columba Marmion. He also studied the works of Prosper Guéranger on liturgical prayer, and became deeply involved with the liturgical movement in Belgium. In September 1909, Beauduin delivered an address on the liturgy at a congress in Malines, called by Désiré-Joseph Cardinal Mercier. Beauduin promoted the active participation of people in the Mass by helping them to understand and follow the liturgical rites and texts.[3] While he opposed the use of vernacular language in liturgy, he recommended bi-lingual books for Mass and Vespers for the laity to replace private devotional prayers. Beauluin was supported in his work of promoting the liturgy by prominent Catholic layman Godefroid Kurth.[4] The monks at Mont César began to print inexpensive tracts and guides.

During the war, he was a leader of the Belgian underground movement, under the alias “Oscar Fraipont”.[5] In 1915, he traveled to England and preached at St Michael's Abbey, Farnborough.

From 1921 to 1925, he was professor of liturgy at Sant'Anselmo in Rome, where he came to know the Christian East and he realized the extent to which the Churches are divided. He was an important participant and contributor to the Malines Conversations, hosted by Cardinal Mercier. In 1925, Beauduin presented a paper L'église anglicane unie, mais non absorbée which presented the argument that the Anglican Church should be “reunited” with—not simply “subsumed” by—the Roman Church.

He then started to work on the foundation of the present monastery at Amay sur Meuse (later Chevetogne) devoted to Christian unity. His efforts resulted in his being transferred to En Calcat Abbey in Dourgne, where he remained until 1951.[6] Beauduin died at Amay on January 11, 1960.

In 1957, Angelo Roncalli said that he owed his ecumenical vocation to Beauduin.[5]

WorksEdit

Beauduin wrote over 200 journal articles, but is probably best known for La Piété de l'Eglise (1914)

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ (in French) http://monasterechevetogne.com/index.php?taalkeuze=1%7Cle
  2. ^ Franklin, William R., “Beauduin, Dom Lambert”, Religion Past and Present, 2011 ISBN 9789004146662
  3. ^ Beauduin OSB, Lambert, Liturgy the Life of the Church, (Virgil Michel OSB, trans.)
  4. ^ Ruff OSB, Anthony. Sacred Music and Liturgical Reform, Liturgy Training Publications, 2007, p. 212ISBN 9781595250216
  5. ^ a b Simcox, Carroll A., "Review of Sonya A. Quitsiund's Beauduin A Prophet Vindicated", The New York Times, July 8, 1973
  6. ^ Driscoll, Michael S. "Un pionnier, dom Lambert Beauduin (1873-1960): Liturgie et Unité des chrétiens (review)". The Catholic Historical Review, vol. 94 no. 4, 2008, pp. 841-842. Project MUSE doi:10.1353/cat.0.0178

SourcesEdit

  • Louis BOUYER, Dom Lambert Beauduin. Un homme d' Eglise, Casterman, Tournai - Paris, 1964
  • Sonya A.QUITSLUND, Beauduin. A prophet vindicated, Newman Press, New York - Toronto, 1973
  • Unité des Chrétiens, no. 29, janvier 1978: Dom Lambert Beauduin (1873-1960):le moine de l'Union, ed. Etienne FOUILLOUX & Jacques DESSEAUX