Lake of the Woods Milling Company

The Lake of the Woods Milling Company Limited operated a mill in Keewatin, Ontario for 79 years. At the height of its production, it was possibly the largest flour mill in the British Commonwealth.


Lake of the Woods Milling Company started May 21, 1887, to take advantage of a new railway and western grain production.

Formed by a team from the board of Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR),[1] including George Stephen, 1st Baron Mount Stephen, William Cornelius Van Horne and James Ross, the headquarters were in Montreal, while the milling operations were based in Keewatin, Ontario. The location provided transportation via the CPR, access to raw product, and water-power from the Winnipeg River.

The first mill was completed in 1888 with vice-president John Mather overseeing construction and funded by an initial corporate capitalization of $300,000.[2] Its peak production turned a daily 62,000 bushels of wheat into 10,000 barrels of flour. The flour was marketed under the name Five Roses, which became a world-famous brand. In 1913, Lake of the Woods released the first edition of the Five Roses Cook Book, which is still in production to this day.

Most of the company's assets were purchased by a competitor, Ogilvie Flour Mills Company, in 1954.[1] The mill closed in 1967.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b "Manitoba Business: Lake of the Woods Milling Company". Manitoba Historical Society. Retrieved September 19, 2018.
  2. ^ Klassen, Henry Cornelius (1977). The Canadian West : social change and economic development. Calgary: University of Calgary Press. p. 154.