Lake Sagami (相模湖 Sagami-ko) is an artificial lake located in Midori-ku, Sagamihara, Kanagawa in Japan's Kantō region. Created in 1947 after the Sagami River was dammed, it serves as use for recreational and hydroelectric purposes. The lake also served as venue for canoeing events at the 1964 Summer Olympics held in Tokyo, located 60 kilometres (37 mi) from the lake.
|Primary inflows||Sagami River|
|Primary outflows||Sagami River|
|Catchment area||1.064 km2 (0.411 sq mi)|
|Surface area||3 km2 (1.2 sq mi)|
|Average depth||19 m (62 ft)|
|Max. depth||32 m (105 ft)|
|Water volume||63,200,000 m3 (1.67×1010 US gal)|
|Residence time||0.05 year|
|Shore length1||34.4 km (21.4 mi)|
|Surface elevation||167 m (548 ft)|
|1 Shore length is not a well-defined measure.|
Water and land usage surrounding the lakeEdit
Typical lake flows (in m3/s) are 85 hydroelectric, 10.34 domestic, 4.16 irrigation, and 2.15 industrial. Land usage is 87.5% natural, 4.6% agricultural, and 7.9% other. Eutrophication issues have been a serious issue of the lake that was first observed in 1967. The main issue was microcystis algae bloom and reached its highest cell count of 2,500,000 cells/mL in July–October 1979 (data from 1985). Most vegetation grown around the lake are grassland and weeds while most crops grown are rice and vegetables. Fertilizer application for crops near the lake is moderate.
Because of the lake's creation in 1947, it displaced the careers of many local fishermen in the area. In return for their livelihood being taken away, many of these families were offered rental boats in the new lake. No private boats are allowed on the lake as a result. To compensate for the loss of the smelt, black bass from the United States was imported to the lake as was Prussian carp. Because of the bass, the lake is a popular recreational fishing area. The lake is also used for couples dating for boat rides and families. Row boat standard daily rental rates are ¥3000 for one person, ¥4500 for two people, and ¥6000 for three people.
- International Lake Environment Committee (ILEC) of Japan detail information on Lake Sagami Archived 2007-07-15 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed September 9, 2008.
- ILEC basic information on Lake Sagami Archived 2008-05-26 at the Wayback Machine. Accessed September 9, 2008.
- JNTO information on Lake Sagami. Accessed September 9, 2008.
- 1964 Summer Olympics official report Volume 1, Part 1. Archived 2010-07-07 at the Wayback Machine p. 131. (in English) & (in French) Accessed September 11, 2008.
- Green Gables information on Lake Sagami Archived 2012-09-19 at Archive.today. Accessed September 9, 2008.
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