Lake Beyşehir

Lake Beyşehir (Turkish: Beyşehir Gölü; anciently, Carallis or Karallis (Ancient Greek: Κάραλλις), or Caralis or Karalis (Κάραλις)[1][2]) is a large freshwater lake in Isparta and Konya provinces in southwestern Turkey. It is located at around 37°47′0″N 31°33′0″E / 37.78333°N 31.55000°E / 37.78333; 31.55000 and is the largest freshwater lake in Turkey. It has an area of 650 km² and is 45 km long and 20 km wide. It carries the same name as the principal urban centre of its region, Beyşehir. Anciently, it was considered part of ancient Isauria.[3]

Lake Beyşehir
Lake Beysehir NASA.jpg
Satellite image of Lake Beyşehir
Lake Beyşehir is located in Turkey
Lake Beyşehir
Lake Beyşehir
Coordinates37°47′0″N 31°33′0″E / 37.78333°N 31.55000°E / 37.78333; 31.55000Coordinates: 37°47′0″N 31°33′0″E / 37.78333°N 31.55000°E / 37.78333; 31.55000
Basin countriesTurkey
Max. length45 km (28 mi)
Max. width20 km (12 mi)
Surface area650.00 km2 (250.97 sq mi)
Surface elevation1,123 m (3,684 ft)

The lake is fed by streams flowing from the Sultan Mountains and the Anamas Mountains. The water level in the lake often fluctuates by year and by season. Lake Beyşehir is used for irrigation and aquaculture, although it is also a national park. There are thirty-two islets in varying sizes in the lake. Lake Beyşehir is also an important site for many bird species.

The maximum depth is 10 metres.

Water in the lake was at its lowest level during the period 1960-1990 in October 1975 at 1121.96 metres, with 64,500 hectares of water surface. The highest water level in the same period was 1125.50 metres in March 1981, with a surface area of 74,600 hectares.[4]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Richard Talbert, ed. (2000). Barrington Atlas of the Greek and Roman World. Princeton University Press. p. 65, and directory notes accompanying.
  2. ^   Smith, William, ed. (1854–1857). "Carallis". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Geography. London: John Murray.
  3. ^ Strabo. Geographica. Vol. p. 568. Page numbers refer to those of Isaac Casaubon's edition.
  4. ^ Dursun, Sukru. "Effect of Global Climate Change on Water Balance of Beyşehir Lake". Selcuk University: 9. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)

External linksEdit

  • Documentary by ADOKBEL (Association Of Anatolian Natural And Cultural Documentaries)