Lake Amvrakia

Lake Amvrakia or Ambracia (Greek: Αμβρακία) is a freshwater lake in Aetolia-Acarnania, in western Greece. It lies between the towns of Agrinio and Amphilochia, and is 13.8 kilometres (8.6 mi) long, 3.8 kilometres (2.4 mi) wide and has a maximum depth of 40 metres (130 ft). It is a Natura 2000 protected habitat.

Lake Amvrakia
Ambracia
Amvrakia5705.jpg
Lake Amvrakia
Location of Lake Amvrakia in Greece.
Location of Lake Amvrakia in Greece.
Lake Amvrakia
LocationAetolia-Acarnania, Greece
Coordinates38°45′07″N 21°10′41″E / 38.752°N 21.178°E / 38.752; 21.178Coordinates: 38°45′07″N 21°10′41″E / 38.752°N 21.178°E / 38.752; 21.178
Typelake
Native nameΑμβρακία  (Greek)
Max. length13.8 kilometres (8.6 mi)
Max. width3.8 kilometres (2.4 mi)
Max. depth40 metres (130 ft)

OriginEdit

Lake Amvrakia was a result of tectonic movement. It is karstic and semipolje type. The lake formed from deposits of Mesozoic limestone.[1]

Location and GeologyEdit

Lake Amvrakia lies along a depression northwest of Lake Ozeros and west of Mount Thyamos or Petalas. Its total surface area used to be 13.6 km2., but that area has shrunk drastically in recent years. One of the reasons for this reduction in size was a long drought and the other was the draining of the shallow northern section of the basin. This drainage had a severe impact on the lake's size, owing to the small size of the basin (112 km2.).[1]

Important speciesEdit

Pseudobithynia ambrakis, a species of bithynidae (snails) that has only been found in lake Amvrakia.[2][3]

ThreatsEdit

Hydraulic activity with the karstic aquifers, evaporation during summer, and use of water for irrigation result in fluctuating water levels with each passing year. The lake is unique from other nearby lakes in its high sulphuric anions concentration. The lake's waters are polluted, although not alarmingly, by the runoff from the tobacco plantations lying to eastern and southern regions of the drainage basin. The lake's east coast is cultivated heavily, the fields reaching almost to the shore. The uncultivated areas on the lake's shore are used as pastures for cattle.[1]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c Danielidis, D.B.; et al. (1996). "Limnological Survey of Lake Amvrakia, Western Greece". Hydrobiologia. 318 (3): 207–218. doi:10.1007/BF00016682. S2CID 26721960.
  2. ^ http://www.malaco.de/Sonderdrucke/Bithyniidae-Greece.pdf
  3. ^ "IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Pseudobithynia ambrakis". 20 February 2011.