LaSalle Street Station
LaSalle Street Station is a commuter rail terminal at 414 South LaSalle Street in downtown Chicago. It was a major intercity rail terminal for the New York Central Railroad until 1968, and for the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad until 1978, but now serves only Metra's Rock Island District. The present structure became the fifth station on the site when its predecessor was demolished in 1981 and replaced by the new station and the One Financial Place (now FOUR40) tower for the Chicago Stock Exchange. The Chicago Board of Trade Building, Willis Tower and Harold Washington Library are nearby.
Platform of LaSalle Street Station
|Location||414 South LaSalle Street,|
Chicago, Illinois 60605
|Coordinates||(400 S/140 W)|
|Platforms||2 side platforms, 3 island platforms|
|Opened||May 22, 1852|
|Rebuilt||1903, 1981–1985, 2011|
The first station on the site opened on May 22, 1852, with the completion of the Northern Indiana and Chicago Railroad. On October 1, 1852, the Chicago and Rock Island Railroad began using the station. The two railroads later became the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway (New York Central Railroad) and Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad. North of a junction at Englewood Station, both companies' lines ran parallel to the terminal.
In December 1866 a new station opened. The Great Chicago Fire of October 1871 destroyed the station, which was rebuilt shortly afterwards. The post-fire station was demolished to make way for a new station designed by the architectural firm Frost & Granger which opened July 1, 1903 and stood until 1981. This station was a set for Alfred Hitchcock's 1959 North by Northwest, starring Cary Grant and Eva Marie Saint, and in the 1973 movie The Sting starring Paul Newman and Robert Redford.
From its completion in 1882, the New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad (Nickel Plate Road) ran over the Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway from a junction at Grand Crossing neighborhood north to downtown Chicago, where it had its own terminal south of LaSalle. The LS&MS quickly gained control of the Nickel Plate, and later allowed it into its LaSalle Street Station as a tenant. In July 1916 the by then New York Central sold the Nickel Plate to the Van Sweringens, but it continued to operate into LaSalle until the end of Nickel Plate passenger service.
From July 31, 1904, to August 1, 1913, trains of the Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad also used LaSalle Street Station, which reached it via trackage rights on the Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific from Ashburn.
On January 18, 1957, trains of the Michigan Central Railroad began serving LaSalle, operating on the New York Central Railroad's Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Railway from its former crossing at Porter, Indiana to Chicago. LS&MS and Michigan Central trains (both part of the New York Central system) last used LaSalle on October 26, 1968, (soon after the merger into Penn Central); the next day it began operation into Union Station via a connection in Whiting, Indiana and the Pittsburgh, Fort Wayne and Chicago Railway.
Most intercity rail service at La Salle ended on May 1, 1971, when Amtrak consolidated long-distance services at Union Station. Rock Island opted-out of Amtrak and continued to operate intercity service from LaSalle until 1978, with the Quad Cities Rocket and Peoria Rocket operating to Rock Island and Peoria, respectively.
A connection at Englewood Station was completed October 15, 1971, to allow the Rock Island to also operate over the PFW&C to Union Station, but the failing Rock Island decided to continue using LaSalle. The Rock Island ended intercity passenger service in 1978, but continued operating its commuter trains until handing them to the Chicago and North Western Railway in 1980. Only a year later, C&NW handed the former Rock Island commuter lines to the RTA's newly formed operating arm, the Northeast Illinois Regional Commuter Railroad Corporation. It became part of the RTA Commuter Rail Division, now Metra, in 1984.
From 1972–75 the Rock Island operated a restaurant called Track One using two former railroad cars parked on track 1 at the station. The two cars, the dining car Golden Harvest and the club-lounge Pacific Shore, had previously served on the Golden State Limited.
Although only Metra's Rock Island District trains now use LaSalle, additional service is planned. Metra's proposed SouthEast Service would terminate at LaSalle, and the Chicago Region Environmental and Transportation Efficiency Program (CREATE) infrastructure improvement program would allow trains from Metra's SouthWest Service to use the terminal.
In June 2011, The Chicago Department of Transportation opened the LaSalle/Congress Intermodal Transfer Center alongside the station as a bus terminal to serve people transferring to CTA buses as well as Blue Line trains at LaSalle.
On father's day weekend in June 2017, Nickel Plate 765 became the first steam locomotive to enter LaSalle Street Station since Southern Railway 4501 visited the station in 1973. The 765 pulled trips to Joliet, Illinois over Metra's Rock Island District dubbed the Joliet Rocket. One of the cars in this excursion train was the former New York Central observation car Hickory Creek, a car built for the 20th Century Limited which hadn't been to the station since 1968. Of note, the Hickory Creek was the last car on the final run of the 20th Century Limited to leave LaSalle in December 1967.
LaSalle was a terminal for the following lines and intercity trains:
- Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific Railroad (until 1978)
- New York Central Railroad (up to October 26, 1968)
- New York, Chicago and St. Louis Railroad (Nickel Plate)
- Chicago and Eastern Illinois Railroad (July 31, 1904 to August 1, 1913)
- Michigan Central Railroad (part of the New York Central) (January 18, 1957 to October 26, 1968)
Among the most famous name trains that terminated at LaSalle were the New York Central's 20th Century Limited from 1902 until 1967 and the Rock Island-Southern Pacific Golden State Limited from 1902 until 1968.
Additionally, the proposed Metra SouthEast Service would terminate at LaSalle if built.
- 1 Bronzeville/Union Station
- 7 Harrison
- 22 Clark (Owl Service)
- 24 Wentworth
- 36 Broadway
- 126 Jackson
- 130 Museum Campus (Summer Service Only)
- 151 Sheridan
- 156 LaSalle
- Shuttle service between Downtown Chicago and Valparaiso (Rush Hour Only)
- "New Chicago Terminal for Lake Shore & Michigan Southern and Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific". Railroad Gazette. XXXIV (11): 184. 1902-01-01.
- Official Guide of the Railways. National Railway Publication Co. September 1904. p. 700.
- Goss, William Freeman Myrick; Chicago Association of Commerce and Industry; Committee of Investigation on Smoke Abatement and Electrification of Railway Terminals (1915). Smoke Abatement and Electrification of Railway Terminals in Chicago. Report of the Chicago Association of Commerce, Committee of Investigation on Smoke Abatement and Electrification of Railway Terminals. Chicago: Rand McNally. p. 505.
- Davis, Robert (17 July 1975). "Track One diner hits end of line". Chicago Tribune. Archived from the original on 7 February 2015. Retrieved 6 February 2015.
- Randall, W. David (1974). Railway Passenger Car Annual, Volume I, 1973-1974. Park Forest, IL: RPC Publications. p. 73.
- "P2, P3, EW2, GS19 75th Street Corridor Improvement Project" (PDF). CREATE. November 2015. Retrieved January 10, 2018.
- Swartz, Tracy (17 June 2011). "Officials unveil new LaSalle intermodal station". RedEye. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
- Jurkowski, Vickie Snow (8 June 2017). "All aboard: Joliet Rocket steamin' into town". Post-Tribune. Merrillville, Indiana. Retrieved 3 August 2018.
- Lynch, Kelly (27 April 2017). "Headwaters Junction charters historic car for summer steam excursions". Fort Wayne Railroad Historical Society.
- On the Bi-Level, October 2007.
- Metra Rock Island District – Chicago LaSalle Station
- Vintage Depots – LaSalle Street Station in Chicago
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