L16 81mm mortar
The United Kingdom's L16 81mm mortar is the standard mortar used by the British armed forces. It originated as a joint design by the UK and Canada. The version produced and used by Australia is named the F2 81mm Mortar, whilst the version used by the U.S. armed forces is known as the M252.
|L16 81mm mortar|
81mm mortar L16
|Place of origin||United Kingdom|
|Used by||See Users|
|Designer||Royal Armament Research and Development Establishment, Fort Halstead (barrel and bipod)|
|Manufacturer||Royal Ordnance (barrel and bipod)|
|Mass||combat 35.3 kg (78 lb)|
|Barrel length||1,280 millimetres (50 in)|
|Caliber||81 millimetres (3.2 in)|
|Recoil||baseplate and spring buffered mounting clamp|
|Rate of fire||15 rpm, 1–12 rpm sustained, 20 rpm for short periods|
|Muzzle velocity||225 m/s (740 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||HE: 100–5,675 m|
Smoke: 100–5,675 m (109–6,206 yd)
Flare: 400–4,800 m
|Maximum firing range||5,650 m (6,180 yd)|
|Sights||Optical (C2) with Trilux illumination|
In UK armoured/mechanised infantry battalions, the L16 mortar is mounted in an FV 432 AFV (six per battalion mortar platoon). British army light role infantry battalions and the Royal Marines may transport their mortars in BvS 10 vehicles (the replacement for the Bv 206). Otherwise, it is carried disassembled in three loads, (barrel, baseplate and bipod with sights, each approximately 11 kg), normally carried by a vehicle or helicopter and assembled for firing from the ground.
The weapon can be man-packed by the mortar detachment, in which case the ammunition would be carried by other soldiers of the battalion. In addition to their normal equipment, each soldier would carry four bombs in a pair of two-bomb plastic containers (known as greenies in the British Army).
The mortar has been used by many countries' armed forces.
- Australia: known as F2 81mm mortar
- Malta – Armed Forces of Malta
- Nepal
- Netherlands: L16A2
- New Zealand
- Saudi Arabia
- United Arab Emirates
- United Kingdom
- United States: M252 mortar
- Syria
View down the smoothbore barrel of the L16 mortar.
- Rinaldi, Richard A. (August 2002). "Modern British TOE's" (PDF). Orbat.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 December 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2013.
- "Mortar – 81 mm" (PDF). defence.gov.au. Defence unexploded ordnance website: ordnance information sheet. March 2015.
- Berrigan, Frida; Ciarrocca, Michelle (November 2000). "Report: Profiling the Small Arms Industry - World Policy Institute - Research Project". World Policy Institute. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- "Mortieren (60-, 81- en 120mm)". Defensie.nl. Ministerie van Defensie. Archived from the original on 16 March 2018. Retrieved 16 March 2018.
- Rottman, Gordon L. (1993). Armies of the Gulf War. Elite 45. Osprey Publishing. p. 30. ISBN 9781855322776.