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The Type 103 Lütjens class was the last class of destroyers in service with the German Navy. The ships were US Charles F. Adams-class guided missile destroyers but with some modifications to meet German requirements.
|Name:||Type 103 Lütjens|
|Builders:||Bath Iron Works, USA|
|Succeeded by:||Sachsen-class frigate|
|Class and type:||Missile destroyer|
|Length:||133.2 m (437 ft 0 in)|
|Beam:||14.3 m (46 ft 11 in)|
|Draft:||6.1 m (20 ft 0 in)|
|Speed:||33 knots (61 km/h)|
|Range:||4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km) at 20 kn (37 km/h)|
|Sensors and |
|Electronic warfare |
The three Lütjens destroyers were purchased from the US to provide air defence.
For German use, they received the following modifications:
- Communication systems according to German standards. The Lütjens class had more aerials and a second mast mounted on the aft funnel. The large air surveillance radar was positioned further aft (above the funnel).
In turn, the new antennas and radar location meant that the funnels had to be modified. On the Lütjens the exhaust gases were emitted sideways with two pipes on the port and starboard side of each funnel.
- New location of the sonar array. The Lütjens had their sonar dome located in a bulge directed forward in the bow and not under the bow to reduce the ship's draft.
- Better crew accommodation.
The Lütjens class was upgraded to Type 103A in the 1970s with new digital fire-control computers and better missiles for the old Tartar SM1 missile system. The boilers were also converted to burn lighter oil for logistical reasons instead of the heavy fuel oil that needs to be preheated.
A second major refit was undertaken in the 1980s when the ships were upgraded to Type 103B. Missiles were upgraded with a single Modified Mark 13 missile launcher fitted able to fire the SM-1MR surface-to-air missile and Harpoon anti-ship missile. A typical balance was 32 of the former and 8 of the latter. Fire control was improved with upgraded computers and a new AN/SPG-60 radar which also provided illumination for the missiles.
Speeds over 30 knots (56 km/h) could only sustained for a limited time due to the enormous fuel consumption. With two active boilers the ship could achieve speeds up to 27 knots (50 km/h). Three boilers made 30 knots (56 km/h) achievable. For any speed beyond 30 knots (56 km/h) all four boilers were needed.
List of shipsEdit
|D185||Lütjens||Admiral Günther Lütjens||DRAE||Bath Iron Works||1 March 1966||11 August 1967||22 March 1969||18 December 2003||2012 scrapped in Aliağa, (Turkey)|
|D186||Mölders||Oberst Werner Mölders||DRAF||Bath Iron Works||12 April 1966||13 April 1967||23 February 1969||28 May 2003||Museum ship in Marinearsenal Wilhelmshaven (Germany)|||
|D187||Rommel||Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel||DRAG||Bath Iron Works||22 August 1967||1 February 1969||2 May 1970||30 September 1998||cannibalized, 2004 scrapped in Aliağa (Turkey)|||
All three ships were built by Bath Iron Works in the United States. They were named after famous German officers who died in World War II; Lütjens who had commanded the battleship Bismarck task group, the fighter ace Mölders of the Luftwaffe, and Field Marshal Rommel.
- Miller, David (1992). The World's Navies: An Illustrated Review of the Navies of the World. London: Salamander. p. 82. ISBN 9780861016426.
- Sharpe, Richard (1995). Jane's Fighting Ships. London: Janes Information Group. p. 238. ISBN 9780710611611.
- "Technische Daten". Zerstörer Mölders - D186 (in German). Retrieved 21 June 2018.
- "Das Schiff". D187 Zerstörer Rommel (in German). Retrieved 21 June 2018.