Lütjens-class destroyer

The Type 103 Lütjens class was the last class of destroyers in service with the German Navy. The ships were US Charles F. Adams-class guided missile destroyers but with some modifications to meet German requirements.

D185 Lütjens.jpg
Class overview
Name: Type 103 Lütjens
Builders: Bath Iron Works, USA
Operators:  German Navy
Succeeded by: Sachsen-class frigate
Built: 1966–1970
In commission: 1969–2003
Completed: 3
Retired: 3
Preserved: 1
General characteristics
Class and type: Missile destroyer
Displacement: 4,720 t
Length: 133.2 m (437 ft 0 in)
Beam: 14.3 m (46 ft 11 in)
Draft: 6.1 m (20 ft 0 in)
Propulsion:
  • 2 × steam turbines providing 70,000 shp (52 MW); 2 shafts
  • 4 × 1,275 psi (8,790 kPa) boilers
Speed: 33 knots (61 km/h)
Range: 4,500 nautical miles (8,300 km) at 20 kn (37 km/h)
Complement: 337
Sensors and
processing systems:
  • AN/SPS-40 2D air surveillance and early-warning radar, long-range
  • AN/SPS-67 sea surveillance radar, med-range
  • AN/SPS-52 3D air surveillance radar, long-range
  • 2 × AN/SPG-51C Mk 74 fire-control radar
  • AN/SPQ-9 short range fire-control radar for surface and low flying targets
  • AN/SPG-53 tracking and fire control radar
  • Raytheon RP 1225 navigation radar
  • Atlas Elektronik DSQS-21B active/passive sonar
  • EADS FL1800 ESM suite
Electronic warfare
& decoys:
  • 2 × SRBOC 6 cell chaff and flare launcher
  • 1 × AN/SLQ-25 Nixie torpedo decoy
  • 1 × EADS FL1800 ESM/ECM suite
Armament:

They were replaced by the new Sachsen-class frigates, designated frigate even though they are much larger and more capable in all aspects than the Lütjens-class destroyers.

DevelopmentEdit

The three Lütjens destroyers were purchased from the US to provide air defence.[1]

For German use, they received the following modifications:

  • Communication systems according to German standards. The Lütjens class had more aerials and a second mast mounted on the aft funnel. The large air surveillance radar was positioned further aft (above the funnel).

In turn, the new antennas and radar location meant that the funnels had to be modified. On the Lütjens the exhaust gases were emitted sideways with two pipes on the port and starboard side of each funnel.

  • New location of the sonar array. The Lütjens had their sonar dome located in a bulge directed forward in the bow and not under the bow to reduce the ship's draft.
  • Better crew accommodation.

ServiceEdit

The three ships in the class were commissioned in 1969 and 1970.[2] In service, they formed the 1. Zerstörergeschwader ("first destroyer squadron") based in Kiel.

The Lütjens class was upgraded to Type 103A in the 1970s with new digital fire-control computers and better missiles for the old Tartar SM1 missile system. The boilers were also converted to burn lighter oil for logistical reasons instead of the heavy fuel oil that needs to be preheated.

A second major refit was undertaken in the 1980s when the ships were upgraded to Type 103B. Missiles were upgraded with a single Modified Mark 13 missile launcher fitted able to fire the SM-1MR surface-to-air missile and Harpoon anti-ship missile. A typical balance was 32 of the former and 8 of the latter. Fire control was improved with upgraded computers and a new AN/SPG-60 radar which also provided illumination for the missiles.[2]

In the 1990s, the ships in the class each received two RIM-116 RAM launchers and Chaff launchers.

With the decommissioning of Lütjens (D185) on December 18, 2003 the age of steam ended for the German Navy. Mölders (D186) became a museum ship at the German Navy Museum in Wilhelmshaven.

Speeds over 30 knots (56 km/h) could only sustained for a limited time due to the enormous fuel consumption. With two active boilers the ship could achieve speeds up to 27 knots (50 km/h). Three boilers made 30 knots (56 km/h) achievable. For any speed beyond 30 knots (56 km/h) all four boilers were needed.

List of shipsEdit

Pennant
number
Name Namesake Call
sign
Builder Laid down Launched Commissioned Decom-
missioned
Fate Reference
D185 Lütjens Admiral Günther Lütjens DRAE Bath Iron Works 1 March 1966 11 August 1967 22 March 1969 18 December 2003 2012 scrapped in Aliağa, (Turkey)
D186 Mölders Oberst Werner Mölders DRAF Bath Iron Works 12 April 1966 13 April 1967 23 February 1969 28 May 2003 Museum ship in Marinearsenal Wilhelmshaven (Germany) [3]
D187 Rommel Generalfeldmarschall Erwin Rommel DRAG Bath Iron Works 22 August 1967 1 February 1969 2 May 1970 30 September 1998 cannibalized, 2004 scrapped in Aliağa (Turkey) [4]

All three ships were built by Bath Iron Works in the United States. They were named after famous German officers who died in World War II; Lütjens who had commanded the battleship Bismarck task group, the fighter ace Mölders of the Luftwaffe, and Field Marshal Rommel.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Miller, David (1992). The World's Navies: An Illustrated Review of the Navies of the World. London: Salamander. p. 82. ISBN 9780861016426.
  2. ^ a b Sharpe, Richard (1995). Jane's Fighting Ships. London: Janes Information Group. p. 238. ISBN 9780710611611.
  3. ^ "Technische Daten". Zerstörer Mölders - D186 (in German). Retrieved 21 June 2018.
  4. ^ "Das Schiff". D187 Zerstörer Rommel (in German). Retrieved 21 June 2018.