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The Kura-Aras Lowland, Kura-Aras Depression or Kura-Aras Basin[1] (Azerbaijani: Kür-Araz ovalığı) is a vast depression in central-southern Azerbaijan defined by the valleys of the Kura River and Aras River. It is situated by the West shore of the Caspian Sea and is part of the Aral-Caspian Depression. It is delimited by the Greater Caucasus from the North, Lesser Caucasus from the West and the Talysh Mountains from the South. [2]

The Kur and Araz river valleys separate the lowland into the Shirvan, Garabagh, Mil, Mughan and Salyan depositional plains. A zone where young brachyanticlinal elevations are located such as the Large and the Small Kharami, Mishovdagh extends submeridionally in the Kur-Araz lowland eastern part. The southeastern Shrivam, flat alluvial marine plain, is situated between this zone and the Caspian Sea shore. In the South, the Mugham and Salyan plains merge with the Lenkaran lowland surface.[3] The Lenkoran Lowland reaches Iran at Astara.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ The name of Aras may also be variously transliterates as Araz, Arax, or Araxes.
  2. ^ Profile of Azerbaijan, a 2003 World Bank document
  3. ^ Book

Akif A. Alizadeh, Ibrahim S. Guliyev, Fakhraddin A. Kadirov, Lev V. Eppelbaum (Jun 17, 2016). Geosciences of Azerbaijan. Springer. p. 17. ISBN 978-3-319-27395-2. 

Coordinates: 41°10′00″N 45°50′00″E / 41.1667°N 45.8333°E / 41.1667; 45.8333