Kumarsain (English: //; Hindi: [kʊmaɾsain] (listen)), also known as Kumharsain, is a town in Shimla District in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Formerly it was a princely state of the British Raj and was one of the several states of the Punjab States Agency. It is about 80 km from Shimla and famous for apple and cherry orchards.
Clockwise from top:
Kumarsain as seen from a nearby village, St. Mary's Church at Kotgarh village, The Great Himalayas mountain range as seen from Kumarsain, Koteshwar Mahadev Temple at Mandholi village, A meadow on the way to Derthu Mata Temple, Tani Jubbar Lake
|Elevation||1,762 m (5,781 ft)|
|• Rank||29 in HP|
|• Density||2,711/km2 (7,020/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Kumarsain lies 1 km beside National Highway 5 from Bharara village, which is 20 km from Narkanda towards Rampur Bushahr. Kumarsain has many educational institutes like Government ITI (Industrial Training Institute) and Government Degree College. Many other departments and schools are rapidly increasing the population and developing growth of Kumarsain.
Kumarsain is also famous for Mela Char Saala (fair), which is celebrated after every 4 years and is the most crowded and awaited fair in the area.
Kumarsain is located at Satluj river in the North-West Himalayas, about 80 km from Shimla towards interior ranges. Kumarsain has an ideal climate and temperature throughout year. Kumarsain town has many villages within its boundary namely Mateyog, Damali, Lathi, Bharara, Bai, Nahal and Dethal.and has an average elevation of 1,762 metres (5,781 ft). It is situated above the
Kumarsain was a Constituency of Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly and had a separate election seat until 2008 delimitation, when it was merged with Theog constituency. Veteran Congress Minister Vidya Stokes was elected 2 times as MLA in 2003  and 2007  from Kumarsain Assembly Constituency. Kumarsain is a tehsil as well as a sub-division and comes under Narkanda Block. Current Chief Secretary of Himachal Pradesh (Anil Kumar Khachi IAS) also hails from Kumarsain.
Government Departments in Kumarsain:
1. Himachal Pradesh Public Works Department (B & R Division and Sub Division).
2. Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board Limited (Division and Sub Division).
3. Irrigation and Public Health Department (Sub Division).
4. Women and Child Development Department (Child Development Project Officer).
5. Himachal Pradesh Fire Services (Fire Post).
6. Tehsil Office (Tehsildar and Naib Tehsildar).
7. Sub Divisional Magistrate/Sub Divisional Officer Office.
8. Himachal Pradesh Department of Labour and Employment (Sub Office - Employmemt Exchange).
9. Police Station (Station House Officer/SHO)
10. Civil Hospital (Block Medical Officer)
11. Block Development Office (Block Development Officer Narkanda)
12. Forest Department (Divisional Forest Officer Kotgarh and Forest Ranger Officer Kumarsain)
13. Himachal Pradesh Education Department (Block Education Officer)
14. Sub-Treasury Office (Sub-Treasury Officer)
As of 2011 India census, Kumarsain had a population of 5,461. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Kumarsain has an average literacy rate of 97.8%, much higher than the national average of 74.04% male literacy is 97%, and female literacy is 89%. In Kumarsain 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Kirat Singh, also known as Kirti Singh (later Rana Kirat Chand), who was an office holder and Jagirdar at the court of Raja Narayan Pal of Gaya in Bihar, founded Kumharsain State in the 11th century AD. He along with his two brothers (Kartar Singh and Prithvi Singh) was driven away from Gaya, by the fear of Mahmud Ghazni and settled around Kumharsain. They conquered the country from a local chief named Bhambu Rai manvana[what language is this?] of Delath. Later on Kirat Singh gave a tract called Karangla to his brother Kartar Singh. Descendants of Kartar Singh founded the states of Khaneti and Kotkhai. The younger brother, Prithvi Singh, established his independent state at Delath. Since the 15th century, Kumharsain was a feudatory of Bushahr State, but was declared independent after the expulsion of the Gurkhas in 1815, by a sanad dated February 1816, but at the same time lost its own tributary states of Bharauli, Balsan and Madhan. The Rana maintains a military force of 45 infantry and 1 gun (as of 1892). Kumharsain State was ranked 6th in Order of precedence in the Shimla Hill States and 11th amongst the Punjab Hill States.
The Great Congress Leader Late. Jai Bihari Lal Khachi (former Public Works Minister of Himachal Pradesh) was from this town and a government school in Kumarsain is also named after him, as a token of honor and appreciation for the work he had done for the state. Khachi was elected 5 times as MLA from Kumarsain assembly seat in 1972, 1982, 1985, 1993 and 1998 assembly elections. He died of a massive heart attack in 2002, at that time he was the sitting MLA of Kumarsain Constituency. Kumarsain's famous Hira Mahal (named after the 56th Rana of Kumharsain, "Hira Singh"), which was pride of Kumarsain and served as the home to the Ranas of this princely state, was burnt because of an accidental fire that took place in the mahal in 2007.
Alternatively you can hire a taxi, as 24 hours taxi service is also available in Kumarsain.
|1021 - 1058||Kirat Chand (1st Rana)|
|???? - ????||Ugarn Chand (2nd Rana)|
|???? - ????||Sansar Chand (3rd Rana)|
|???? - ????||Pratap Singh (4th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Nadev Singh (5th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Nahar Singh (6th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Jaidev Singh (7th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Jorawar Singh (8th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Dalbhajon Singh (9th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Randhir Singh (10th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Vishan Pal Singh (11th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Madhan Singh (12th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Jai Singh (13th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Narayan Singh (14th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Shamsher Singh (15th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Kahan Singh (16th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Chattar Singh (17th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Guja Singh (18th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Ganpat Singh (19th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Narbhay Singh (20th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Satdhari Singh (21st Rana)|
|???? - ????||Tegh Singh (22nd Rana)|
|???? - ????||Vikram Singh (23rd Rana)|
|???? - ????||Swat Singh (24th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Devi Singh (25th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Jaimal Singh (26th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Jagdish Singh (27th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Gildhar Singh (28th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Surat Singh (29th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Jowar Singh (30th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Tapdhari Singh (31st Rana)|
|???? - ????||Karam Singh (32nd Rana)|
|???? - ????||Jati Singh (33rd Rana)|
|???? - ????||Dharam Singh (34th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Jalim Singh (35th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Kewal Singh (36th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Dalip Singh (37th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Dalel Singh (38th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Tilak Singh (39th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Prithvi Singh (40th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Golal Singh (41st Rana)|
|???? - ????||Kishan Singh (42nd Rana)|
|???? - ????||Roop Singh (43rd Rana)|
|???? - ????||Ratan Singh (44th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Shiv Singh (45th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Fateh Singh (46th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Shakth Singh (47th Rana)|
|???? - ????||Chattar Singh (48th Rana)|
|???? - 1725||Ajmir Singh (49th Rana)|
|1725 - 1755||Anup Singh (50th Rana)|
|1755 - 1789||Daleep Singh (51st Rana)|
|1789 - 1803||Govardhan Singh (52nd Rana)|
|1803 - 1816||Occupied by Nepal|
|1816 - 1839||Kehar Singh (53rd Rana)|
|1839 - 1840||Occupied by British India|
|1840 - 1858||Pritam Singh (54th Rana)|
|1858 - 1874||Bhawani Singh (55th Rana)|
|1874 - 1914||Hira Singh (56th Rana)|
|1914 - 1945||Vidyadhar Singh (57th Rana)|
|1945 - 1996||Sumeshawar Singh (58th Rana) acceded title became honorary|
|1996 - Present||Surendra Singh (59th Rana)|
Villages and Towns in Kumharsain TehsilEdit
31 Chala Nal
40 D.P.F. Nag kelo Saroga
41 D.P.F. Nagkelo
52 Devali Dhar
72 Jangal Ahar
73 Jangal Dawala
74 Jangal Hatu
75 Jangal Havan
76 Jangal Jogsha
77 Jangal Madhawan
78 Jangal Marni
79 Jangal Nun-II
150 Sainj Paranu
151 Sakundi Chimla
155 Ser Dhar
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