Kumarsain

  (Redirected from Kumharsain)

Kumarsain (English: /kumærsæɪn/; Hindi: [kʊmaɾsain] (About this soundlisten)), also known as Kumharsain, is a town in Shimla District in the Indian state of Himachal Pradesh. Formerly it was a princely state of the British Raj and was one of the several states of the Punjab States Agency.[1] It is about 80 km from Shimla and famous for apple and cherry orchards.

Kumarsain
Town
Kumarsain.jpg
Tanni Jubbar Lake.jpg
Christ Church in Kotgarh village.jpg
A meadow near Derthu Peak.jpg
Himalayas as seen from Kumarsain.jpg
Koteshwar Mahadev Temple Mandholi.jpg
Clockwise from top:
Kumarsain as seen from a nearby village, St. Mary's Church at Kotgarh village, The Great Himalayas mountain range as seen from Kumarsain, Koteshwar Mahadev Temple at Mandholi village, A meadow on the way to Derthu Mata Temple, Tani Jubbar Lake
Kumarsain is located in Himachal Pradesh
Kumarsain
Kumarsain
Location in Himachal Pradesh, India
Kumarsain is located in India
Kumarsain
Kumarsain
Kumarsain (India)
Coordinates: 31°19′05″N 77°26′46″E / 31.318145°N 77.446189°E / 31.318145; 77.446189Coordinates: 31°19′05″N 77°26′46″E / 31.318145°N 77.446189°E / 31.318145; 77.446189
Country India
StateHimachal Pradesh
DistrictShimla
Elevation
1,762 m (5,781 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • Total5,461
 • Rank29 in HP
 • Density2,711/km2 (7,020/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
172029
Vehicle registrationHP-95

Kumarsain was founded in the 11th century A.D. as Kumharsain State. It was occupied by Nepal from 1803 to 1816, and by British India from 1839 to 1840.[2]

Kumarsain lies 1 km beside National Highway 5 from Bharara village, which is 20 km from Narkanda towards Rampur Bushahr. Kumarsain has many educational institutes like Government ITI (Industrial Training Institute) and Government Degree College. Many other departments and schools are rapidly increasing the population and developing growth of Kumarsain.

Kumarsain is also famous for Mela Char Saala (fair), which is celebrated after every 4 years and is the most crowded and awaited fair in the area.

Kumarsain has an history of around 1000 years and is one of the oldest settlements that are still being inhabited in Himachal Pradesh. It is also one of the most literate towns in Himachal Pradesh.

GeographyEdit

Kumarsain is located at 31°19′05″N 77°26′46″E / 31.318145°N 77.446189°E / 31.318145; 77.446189 and has an average elevation of 1,762 metres (5,781 ft). It is situated above the Satluj river in the North-West Himalayas, about 80 km from Shimla towards interior ranges. Kumarsain has an ideal climate and temperature throughout year. Kumarsain town has many villages within its boundary namely Mateyog, Damali, Lathi, Bharara, Bai, Nahal and Dethal.

 
Scenic view after sunset as seen from Kumarsain
 
Kumarsain during Snowfall

Tourist attractions around Kumarsain include Narkanda, Kotgarh-Thanedhar, Hatu Peak, Tani Jubbar Lake, Derthu Mata Temple and Shilaroo Hockey Stadium.

 
Himalayan cedar forest around Kumarsain
 
SAI Hockey Stadium Shilaroo

GovernmentEdit

Kumarsain was a Constituency of Himachal Pradesh Legislative Assembly and had a separate election seat until 2008 delimitation, when it was merged with Theog constituency. Veteran Congress Minister Vidya Stokes was elected 2 times as MLA in 2003 [3] and 2007 [4] from Kumarsain Assembly Constituency. Kumarsain is a tehsil[5] as well as a sub-division and comes under Narkanda Block.[6] Current Chief Secretary of Himachal Pradesh (Anil Kumar Khachi IAS) also hails from Kumarsain.[7]

Government Departments in Kumarsain:

1. Himachal Pradesh Public Works Department (B & R Division and Sub Division).

2. Himachal Pradesh State Electricity Board Limited (Division and Sub Division).

3. Irrigation and Public Health Department (Sub Division).

4. Women and Child Development Department (Child Development Project Officer).

5. Himachal Pradesh Fire Services (Fire Post).

6. Tehsil Office (Tehsildar and Naib Tehsildar).

7. Sub Divisional Magistrate/Sub Divisional Officer Office.

8. Himachal Pradesh Department of Labour and Employment (Sub Office - Employmemt Exchange).

9. Police Station (Station House Officer/SHO)

10. Civil Hospital (Block Medical Officer)

11. Block Development Office (Block Development Officer Narkanda)

12. Forest Department (Divisional Forest Officer Kotgarh and Forest Ranger Officer Kumarsain)

13. Himachal Pradesh Education Department (Block Education Officer)

14. Sub-Treasury Office (Sub-Treasury Officer)

DemographicsEdit

As of 2011 India census,[8] Kumarsain had a population of 5,461. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Kumarsain has an average literacy rate of 97.8%, much higher than the national average of 74.04% male literacy is 97%, and female literacy is 89%. In Kumarsain 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.

HistoryEdit

Kirat Singh, also known as Kirti Singh (later Rana Kirat Chand), who was an office holder and Jagirdar at the court of Raja Narayan Pal of Gaya in Bihar, founded Kumharsain State in the 11th century AD. He along with his two brothers (Kartar Singh and Prithvi Singh) was driven away from Gaya, by the fear of Mahmud Ghazni and settled around Kumharsain. They conquered the country from a local chief named Bhambu Rai manvana[what language is this?] of Delath.[9] Later on Kirat Singh gave a tract called Karangla to his brother Kartar Singh. Descendants of Kartar Singh founded the states of Khaneti and Kotkhai. The younger brother, Prithvi Singh, established his independent state at Delath. Since the 15th century, Kumharsain was a feudatory of Bushahr State, but was declared independent after the expulsion of the Gurkhas in 1815, by a sanad dated February 1816, but at the same time lost its own tributary states of Bharauli, Balsan and Madhan. The Rana maintains a military force of 45 infantry and 1 gun (as of 1892).[10] Kumharsain State was ranked 6th in Order of precedence in the Shimla Hill States and 11th amongst the Punjab Hill States.[11][12]

 
Kumarsain State Symbol

The Great Congress Leader Late. Jai Bihari Lal Khachi (former Public Works Minister of Himachal Pradesh) was from this town and a government school in Kumarsain is also named after him, as a token of honor and appreciation for the work he had done for the state. Khachi was elected 5 times as MLA from Kumarsain assembly seat in 1972, 1982, 1985, 1993 and 1998 assembly elections.[13] He died of a massive heart attack in 2002, at that time he was the sitting MLA of Kumarsain Constituency. Kumarsain's famous Hira Mahal (named after the 56th Rana of Kumharsain, "Hira Singh"), which was pride of Kumarsain and served as the home to the Ranas of this princely state, was burnt because of an accidental fire that took place in the mahal in 2007.

 
Hira Mahal in 2005

Also the first American apple tree grown in India was at Kotgarh village (a village in Kumharsain tehsil), which was planted by Satyanand Stokes (an American settled in India) in 1916.

TransportationEdit

Kumarsain has a bus station from where you can take routine local route buses or long route buses of HRTC to Shimla, Chandigarh, Delhi, Kullu, Ambala, Haridwar and many other places.

 
A milestone on NH-5 showing distance of Kumarsain
 
A man herding goats on NH-5 near Kumarsain

Alternatively you can hire a taxi, as 24 hours taxi service is also available in Kumarsain.

RulersEdit

 
Watercolour painting of Rana's house at Kumharsain by Baden Henry Powell, c.1872

[14]

Rulers used the title of "Rana" (also styled as Rana Saheb).[15]

Reign Rana
1021 - 1058 Kirat Chand (1st Rana)
???? - ???? Ugarn Chand (2nd Rana)
???? - ???? Sansar Chand (3rd Rana)
???? - ???? Pratap Singh (4th Rana)
???? - ???? Nadev Singh (5th Rana)
???? - ???? Nahar Singh (6th Rana)
???? - ???? Jaidev Singh (7th Rana)
???? - ???? Jorawar Singh (8th Rana)
???? - ???? Dalbhajon Singh (9th Rana)
???? - ???? Randhir Singh (10th Rana)
???? - ???? Vishan Pal Singh (11th Rana)
???? - ???? Madhan Singh (12th Rana)
???? - ???? Jai Singh (13th Rana)
???? - ???? Narayan Singh (14th Rana)
???? - ???? Shamsher Singh (15th Rana)
???? - ???? Kahan Singh (16th Rana)
???? - ???? Chattar Singh (17th Rana)
???? - ???? Guja Singh (18th Rana)
???? - ???? Ganpat Singh (19th Rana)
???? - ???? Narbhay Singh (20th Rana)
???? - ???? Satdhari Singh (21st Rana)
???? - ???? Tegh Singh (22nd Rana)
???? - ???? Vikram Singh (23rd Rana)
???? - ???? Swat Singh (24th Rana)
???? - ???? Devi Singh (25th Rana)
???? - ???? Jaimal Singh (26th Rana)
???? - ???? Jagdish Singh (27th Rana)
???? - ???? Gildhar Singh (28th Rana)
???? - ???? Surat Singh (29th Rana)
???? - ???? Jowar Singh (30th Rana)
???? - ???? Tapdhari Singh (31st Rana)
???? - ???? Karam Singh (32nd Rana)
???? - ???? Jati Singh (33rd Rana)
???? - ???? Dharam Singh (34th Rana)
???? - ???? Jalim Singh (35th Rana)
???? - ???? Kewal Singh (36th Rana)
???? - ???? Dalip Singh (37th Rana)
???? - ???? Dalel Singh (38th Rana)
???? - ???? Tilak Singh (39th Rana)
???? - ???? Prithvi Singh (40th Rana)
???? - ???? Golal Singh (41st Rana)
???? - ???? Kishan Singh (42nd Rana)
???? - ???? Roop Singh (43rd Rana)
???? - ???? Ratan Singh (44th Rana)
???? - ???? Shiv Singh (45th Rana)
???? - ???? Fateh Singh (46th Rana)
???? - ???? Shakth Singh (47th Rana)
???? - ???? Chattar Singh (48th Rana)
???? - 1725 Ajmir Singh (49th Rana)
1725 - 1755 Anup Singh (50th Rana)
1755 - 1789 Daleep Singh (51st Rana)
1789 - 1803 Govardhan Singh (52nd Rana)
1803 - 1816 Occupied by Nepal
1816 - 1839 Kehar Singh (53rd Rana)
1839 - 1840 Occupied by British India
1840 - 1858 Pritam Singh (54th Rana)
1858 - 1874 Bhawani Singh (55th Rana)
1874 - 1914 Hira Singh (56th Rana)
1914 - 1945 Vidyadhar Singh (57th Rana)
1945 - 1996 Sumeshawar Singh (58th Rana) acceded title became honorary
1996 - Present Surendra Singh (59th Rana)

Villages and Towns in Kumharsain TehsilEdit

Towns

1. Kumarsain

2. Narkanda

Villages

1 Ahar

2 Arot

3 Aur

4 Bagain

5 Bagthal

6 Bahli

7 Bai

8 Bakhlain

9 Balinda

10 Banahar

11 Banot

12 Baragaon

13 Barara

14 Bargal

15 Barogi

16 Barori

17 Barubagh

18 Batara

19 Batari

20 Baza

21 Bhalari

22 Bhanana

23 Bharari

24 Bharasa

25 Bhareri

26 Bhargaon

27 Bhuna

28 Bhuth

29 Bhutti

30 Chajol

31 Chala Nal

32 Chalan

33 Chamor

34 Chamyala

35 Charonta

36 Chekul

37 Chohan

38 Chopala

39 Churath

40 D.P.F. Nag kelo Saroga

41 D.P.F. Nagkelo

42 Dagrot

43 Dakolu

44 Dakoon

45 Dalan

46 Damaur

47 Daro

48 Dawala

49 Deeb

50 Deoridhar

51 Dethal

52 Devali Dhar

53 Dhala

54 Dhali

55 Dhanal

56 Dharuri

57 Dheongli

58 Dogri

59 Doja

60 Ganeog

61 Gharal

62 Ghareawat

63 Ghughvi

64 Ghumana

65 Gheti

66 Gonthla

67 Halyana

68 Hathiya

69 Jadoon

70 Jal

71 Jalti

72 Jangal Ahar

73 Jangal Dawala

74 Jangal Hatu

75 Jangal Havan

76 Jangal Jogsha

77 Jangal Madhawan

78 Jangal Marni

79 Jangal Nun-II

80 Janjeli

81 Jar

82 Jarol

83 Jhamol

84 Jhunjan

85 Jimu

86 Kacheri

87 Kalmu

88 Kanahr

89 Kanda-1

90 Kanda-2

91 Kandyali

92 Kangal

93 Karewati

94 Katheen

95 Kaunthru

96 Kehri

97 Kepu

98 Khaner

99 Khaneti

100 Khatkar

101 Khekhar

102 Kholwi

103 Khuhan

104 Kingal

105 Kirti

106 Kopri

107 Kot

108 Kotgarh

109 Koti

110 Kotla

111 Kowahra

112 Kufri

113 Kui

114 Lathi

115 Lauga

116 Luan

117 Madhawani

118 Madhuban

119 Mahawari

120 Maholi

121 Majrog

122 Malendi

123 Manan-1

124 Manan-2

125 Mandholi

126 Mangsu

127 Manu

128 Melan

129 Mogra

130 Mohan

131 Nag

132 Nagali

133 Nagraon

134 Nahal

135 Nahana

136 Nanjha

137 Naula

138 Nehri

139 Nun

140 Pamlai

141 Parashan

142 Pauchi

143 Pharal

144 Pharnal

145 Phirnu

146 Rahu

147 Reog

148 Rewali

149 Ropa

150 Sainj Paranu

151 Sakundi Chimla

152 Sapela

153 Sarahan

154 Saroga

155 Ser Dhar

156 Shalota

157 Shamthla

158 Shanad

159 Shathla

160 Shawat

161 Shehdari

162 Shela

163 Shelag

164 Shiwan

165 Talha

166 Tepri

167 Teshan

168 Thah

169 Thanedhar

170 Thanu

171 Thinu

172 Tramli

173 Urshu

174 Virgarh

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "John Hutchison and JP Vogel, History of Punjab Hill states; Lahore 1933".
  2. ^ "Indian states before 1947 K-W". www.rulers.org. Retrieved 25 August 2019.
  3. ^ "Himachal Pradesh legislative assembly election, 2003" (PDF). Retrieved 25 October 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  4. ^ "Himachal Pradesh legislative assembly election, 2007". Retrieved 25 October 2013. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  5. ^ "Tehsils in Shimla District".
  6. ^ "Subdivisions & Blocks in Shimla District".
  7. ^ "Administrative Secretaries of Himachal Pradesh".
  8. ^ "Census of India 2011: Data from the 2011 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 16 June 2004. Retrieved 1 November 2008. CS1 maint: discouraged parameter (link)
  9. ^ Singh, Mian Goverdhan (1999). Wooden Temples of Himachal Pradesh. ISBN 9788173870941.
  10. ^ "Kumharsain (Princely State)".
  11. ^ Brentnall, Mark (2004). The Princely and Noble Families of the Former Indian Empire: Himachal Pradesh. ISBN 9788173871634.
  12. ^ Verma, V. (1995). The Emergence of Himachal Pradesh: A Survey of Constitutional Developments. ISBN 9788173870354.
  13. ^ "Sitting and previous MLAs from Kumarsain Assembly Constituency". Elections.in. Retrieved 2 November 2017.
  14. ^ "British Library (Online Gallery)".
  15. ^ "Indian Princely States K-Z". www.worldstatesmen.org. Retrieved 25 August 2019.

External linksEdit