Kumgang County

Kŭmgang County is a kun, or county, in Kangwŏn province, North Korea. Kŭmgang lies immediately north of the Korean Demilitarized Zone. It was formed in 1952 from a portion of Hoeyang County and from those sections of Yanggu, and Rinje counties that remained under Northern control after the armistice. The county takes its name from the Mount Kŭmgang, which is partially located there. The county seat, Kŭmgang-ŭp, was formerly called Malhwi-ri.

Kŭmgang County

Korean transcription(s)
 • Chosŏn'gŭl
 • Hancha
 • McCune-ReischauerKŭmgang-gun
 • Revised RomanizationGeumgang-gun
Map of Kangwon showing the location of Kumgang
Map of Kangwon showing the location of Kumgang
CountryNorth Korea
ProvinceKangwŏn Province
Administrative divisions1 ŭp, 26 ri
 • Total1,009 km2 (390 sq mi)
 (1991 est.)
 • Total100,000


The Taebaek Mountains pass through the county, reaching their highest point in the Pirobong peak of Kumgangsan. Approximately 85% of the county's area is forestland. Major local streams include the Kŭmgangch'ŏn and Tonggŭmgangch'ŏn.

Administrative divisionsEdit

Kŭmgang county is divided into 1 ŭp (town) and 26 ri (villages):

  • Kŭmgang-ŭp (formerly Malhwi)
  • Anmi-ri
  • Ch'ŏngdu-ri
  • Hahwi-ri
  • Hwach'ŏl-li
  • Hyŏl-li
  • Hyŏndong-ri
  • Ip'o-ri
  • Kŭmch'ŏl-li
  • Kŭmp'ung-ri
  • Mundŭng-ri
  • Naegang-ri
  • Och'ŏl-li
  • Paekhyŏl-li
  • Pangmong-ri
  • Pukchŏm-ri
  • P'ungmi-ri
  • Ryongam-ri
  • Sedong-ri
  • Sin'gyo-ri
  • Sin'ŭp-ri
  • Sinwŏl-li
  • Sogol-li
  • Soksa-ri
  • Songgŏ-ri
  • Sunggap-ri
  • Tanp'ung-ri


The chief local industry is agriculture, with rice and maize the dominant crops. However, arable land takes up only 8.5% of the county's area. Manufacturing and livestock raising also contribute to the local economy. Mining is supported by deposits of gold, tungsten, and quartz.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit