Kumārasaṃbhavam (Sanskrit: कुमारसम्भवम् "The Birth of Kumāra") is an epic poem by Kālidāsa. It is widely regarded as the finest work of Kālidāsa as well as the greatest kāvya poem in Classical Sanskrit. The style of description of spring set the standard for nature metaphors pervading many centuries of Indian literary tradition. Kumārasaṃbhavam basically talks about the birth of Kumara (Kārtikeya), the son of Shiva and Parvati. The period of composition is uncertain, although Kālidāsa is thought to have lived in the 5th century.
Kumārasambhava literally means "The Birth of Kumāra". This epic of seventeen cantos entails Sringara rasa, the rasa of love, romance, and eroticism, more than Vira rasa (the rasa of heroism). Tārakāsura, a rakshasa (demon) was blessed that he could be killed by none other than Shiva's son, however, Shiva had won over Kama, the god of love. Parvati performed great tapas (or spiritual penance) to win the love of Shiva. Consequently, Shiva and Parvati's son Kartikeya was born to restore the glory of Indra, king of the Gods.
- Heifetz, Hank (January 1, 1990). The origin of the young god : Kālidāsa's Kumārasaṃbhava. Delhi: Motilal Banarsidass. p. 1. ISBN 81-208-0754-5. OCLC 29743892.
- Smith, David (2005). The birth of Kumāra (1st ed.). New York: New York University Press. ISBN 0-8147-4008-1.
The greatest long poem in classical Sanskrit, by the greatest poet of the language.
- "Book Excerptise: Kalidaser granthAbalI, v.2 by Kalidasa and Rajendranath Vidyabhushan (ed.)". iitk.ac.in. Retrieved 17 April 2017.[permanent dead link]
- "Kumarasambhavam by Kalidasa - Synopsis & Story". ILoveIndia.com. Retrieved 17 April 2017.
- Vijayakumar, B. (1 January 2012). "Kumarasambhavam - 1969". The Hindu.
- Hank Heifetz (1 January 1990). The Origin of the Young God: Kālidāsa's Kumārasaṃbhava. Motilal Banarsidass. ISBN 978-81-208-0754-9.
|Sanskrit Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- full text of the Kumārasambhava in Devanāgarī script (first eight sargas)
- full text of the Kumārasambhava in Roman script at GRETIL
- The Birth of the War-God, selected translation by Arthur W. Ryder
- single folio of a Kumārasambhava manuscript in the Cambridge University Library
-  Attempted English translation of text by RTH Griffith