Ksalon (Hebrew: כְּסָלוֹן‎) is a moshav in central Israel. Located near Beit Shemesh, it falls under the jurisdiction of Mateh Yehuda Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 428.[1]

Hebrew transcription(s)
 • officialKesalon
Ksalon is located in Jerusalem
Coordinates: 31°46′26″N 35°2′58″E / 31.77389°N 35.04944°E / 31.77389; 35.04944Coordinates: 31°46′26″N 35°2′58″E / 31.77389°N 35.04944°E / 31.77389; 35.04944
CouncilMateh Yehuda
AffiliationAgricultural Union
Founded byYemenite Jews


The first transit camp (ma'abara) for new Jewish immigrants was set up in 1950 on the lands of the depopulated Palestinian village of Kasla.[2][3] New immigrants from Yemen brought to Israel in Operation Magic Carpet were given farmland there, but abandoned the moshav a few years later to join members of the Yemenite community living in Rosh Ha'ayin. Their place was taken by Jewish immigrants from Morocco.[4]

The moshav was named for the biblical city of Ksalon mentioned in Joshua 15:10, which was probably preserved in the Palestinian name of the place.[5][6][7]


  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 299. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.
  3. ^ The Mass Migration of the 1950s Jewish Agency for Israel
  4. ^ Bedraggled feathers Haaretz, 6 June 2002
  5. ^ Carta's Official Guide to Israel and Complete Gazetteer to all Sites in the Holy Land. (3rd edition 1993) Jerusalem, Carta, p.268, ISBN 965-220-186-3
  6. ^ Yizhaqi, Arie (ed.): Madrich Israel (Israel Guide: An Encyclopedia for the Study of the Land), Vol.9: Judaea, Jerusalem 1980, Keter Press, p.383 (in Hebrew)
  7. ^ Bitan, Hanna: 1948-1998: Fifty Years of 'Hityashvut': Atlas of Names of Settlements in Israel, Jerusalem 1999, Carta, p.31, ISBN 965-220-423-4 (in Hebrew)