Kolpashevo

Kolpashevo (Russian: Колпа́шево) is a town and the administrative center of Kolpashevsky District in Tomsk Oblast, Russia, located on the Ob River. Population: 24,124 (2010 Census);[2] 28,441 (2002 Census);[8] 31,319 (1989 Census).[9]

Kolpashevo

Колпашево
Town under district jurisdiction[1]
Coat of arms of Kolpashevo
Coat of arms
Location of Kolpashevo
Kolpashevo is located in Russia
Kolpashevo
Kolpashevo
Location of Kolpashevo
Kolpashevo is located in Tomsk Oblast
Kolpashevo
Kolpashevo
Kolpashevo (Tomsk Oblast)
Coordinates: 58°18′N 82°54′E / 58.300°N 82.900°E / 58.300; 82.900Coordinates: 58°18′N 82°54′E / 58.300°N 82.900°E / 58.300; 82.900
CountryRussia
Federal subjectTomsk Oblast[1]
Administrative districtKolpashevsky District[1]
Foundedbeginning of the
17th century
Town status since1938
Elevation
65 m (213 ft)
Population
 • Total24,124
 • Estimate 
(2018)[3]
23,209 (−3.8%)
 • Capital ofKolpashevsky District[1]
 • Municipal districtKolpashevsky Municipal District[4]
 • Urban settlementKolpashevskoye Urban Settlement[4]
 • Capital ofKolpashevsky Municipal District[4], Kolpashevskoye Urban Settlement[5]
Time zoneUTC+7 (MSK+4 Edit this on Wikidata[6])
Postal code(s)[7]
636460–636465, 636469
Dialing code(s)+7 38254
OKTMO ID69632101001

HistoryEdit

It has existed since the beginning of the 17th century as a village.[citation needed] Town status was granted to it in 1938.[citation needed]

Mass graveEdit

During the Great Purge, Kolpashevo was the site of mass executions carried out by the NKVD, with the corpses of those executed being disposed of in mass graves. In May 1979 meandering of the Ob river caused a mass grave containing more than 1,000 mummified corpses to become exposed. A number of cover-stories were issued by the local government, first that these bones were cattle bones, and then that these were the bodies of deserters from the Second World War. Instead most of the bodies were people from Tomsk. Yegor Ligachev, the provincial party chief, took charge of a cover-up operation to destroy the mass grave using tugs, and used the KGB to coerce local people to dispose of the corpses by sinking them, although some corpses turned up in the sluiceway of a sawmill downstream, mixed with logs floated downstream.[10]

Administrative and municipal statusEdit

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Kolpashevo serves as the administrative center of Kolpashevsky District, to which it is directly subordinated.[1] As a municipal division, the town of Kolpashevo, together with three rural localities, is incorporated within Kolpashevsky Municipal District as Kolpashevskoye Urban Settlement.[4]

TransportationEdit

The town is served by the Kolpashevo Airport.

ClimateEdit

Kolpashevo has a subarctic climate (Köppen climate classification Dfc), with very cold winters and warm summers. Precipitation is moderate and is somewhat higher in summer than at other times of the year.

Climate data for Kolpashevo
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
4.4
(39.9)
11.0
(51.8)
24.0
(75.2)
33.6
(92.5)
36.1
(97.0)
35.0
(95.0)
32.5
(90.5)
28.9
(84.0)
21.4
(70.5)
7.9
(46.2)
4.6
(40.3)
36.1
(97.0)
Average high °C (°F) −15.4
(4.3)
−12.6
(9.3)
−3.8
(25.2)
5.4
(41.7)
14.1
(57.4)
21.0
(69.8)
24.0
(75.2)
20.2
(68.4)
13.7
(56.7)
3.9
(39.0)
−7.3
(18.9)
−14.0
(6.8)
4.1
(39.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) −19.8
(−3.6)
−17.8
(0.0)
−10.0
(14.0)
−0.4
(31.3)
8.0
(46.4)
15.2
(59.4)
18.3
(64.9)
14.7
(58.5)
8.5
(47.3)
0.1
(32.2)
−11.1
(12.0)
−18.2
(−0.8)
−1.0
(30.1)
Average low °C (°F) −24.1
(−11.4)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−15.4
(4.3)
−5.4
(22.3)
2.8
(37.0)
9.6
(49.3)
12.7
(54.9)
9.9
(49.8)
4.5
(40.1)
−2.9
(26.8)
−14.8
(5.4)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−5.7
(21.8)
Record low °C (°F) −48.9
(−56.0)
−50.6
(−59.1)
−40.0
(−40.0)
−32.8
(−27.0)
−13.4
(7.9)
−5.0
(23.0)
2.1
(35.8)
−2.2
(28.0)
−8.5
(16.7)
−28.5
(−19.3)
−48.4
(−55.1)
−49.8
(−57.6)
−50.6
(−59.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 23.1
(0.91)
16.4
(0.65)
17.6
(0.69)
23.6
(0.93)
47.2
(1.86)
58.7
(2.31)
71.6
(2.82)
72.8
(2.87)
50.3
(1.98)
44.8
(1.76)
35.6
(1.40)
30.2
(1.19)
491.9
(19.37)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 23.8 20.0 18.2 14.0 15.3 12.0 13.5 14.9 16.5 21.6 24.8 25.7 220.3
Average relative humidity (%) 80.1 77.9 70.4 62.6 61.8 69.2 74.8 79.2 78.4 79.7 84.7 81.7 75.0
Mean monthly sunshine hours 54.3 109.2 175.1 226.5 260.4 300.0 308.5 243.4 150.0 83.7 52.5 37.2 2,000.8
Source: climatebase.ru[11]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Law #271-OZ
  2. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "26. Численность постоянного населения Российской Федерации по муниципальным образованиям на 1 января 2018 года". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved January 23, 2019.
  4. ^ a b c d Law #195-OZ
  5. ^ Федеральная служба государственной статистики. Федеральное агентство по технологическому регулированию и метрологии. №ОК 033-2013 1 января 2014 г. «Общероссийский классификатор территорий муниципальных образований. Код 69 632 101». (Federal State Statistics Service. Federal Agency on Technological Regulation and Metrology. #OK 033-2013 January 1, 2014 Russian Classification of Territories of Municipal Formations. Code 69 632 101. ).
  6. ^ "Об исчислении времени". Официальный интернет-портал правовой информации (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved January 19, 2019.
  7. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (in Russian)
  8. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  9. ^ "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  10. ^ Hochschild, Adam. "The Secret of a Siberian River Bank". nytimes.com. New York Times. Retrieved April 29, 2016.
  11. ^ "Kolpashevo, Russia". Climatebase.ru. Retrieved January 22, 2013.

SourcesEdit

  • Государственная Дума Томской области. Закон №271-ОЗ от 22 декабря 2009 г. «Об административно-территориальном устройстве Томской области», в ред. Закона №153-ОЗ от 17 ноября 2014 г. «Об упразднении отдельных административно-территориальных единиц Томской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Томской области в связи с упразднением отдельных административно-территориальных единиц Томской области». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Томские новости", №51, 24 декабря 2009 г. (State Duma of Tomsk Oblast. Law #271-OZ of December 22, 2009 On the Administrative-Territorial Structure of Tomsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #153-OZ of November 17, 2014 On Abolishing Several Administrative-Territorial Units in Tomsk Oblast and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of Tomsk Oblast Due to the Abolition of Several Administrative-Territorial Units in Tomsk Oblast. Effective as of the day which is 10 days after the day of the official publication.).
  • Государственная Дума Томской области. Закон №195-ОЗ от 10 сентября 2004 г. «О наделении статусом муниципального района, поселения (городского, сельского) и установлении границ муниципальных образований на территории Колпашевского района», в ред. Закона №153-ОЗ от 17 ноября 2014 г. «Об упразднении отдельных административно-территориальных единиц Томской области и о внесении изменений в отдельные законодательные акты Томской области в связи с упразднением отдельных административно-территориальных единиц Томской области». Вступил в силу по истечении 10 дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Официальные ведомости", №27(103), 10 сентября 2004 г. (State Duma of Tomsk Oblast. Law #195-OZ of September 10, 2004 On Granting the Status of a Municipal District, a Settlement (Urban, Rural) to and on Establishing the Borders of the Municipal Formations on the Territory of Kolpashevsky District, as amended by the Law #153-OZ of November 17, 2014 On Abolishing Several Administrative-Territorial Units in Tomsk Oblast and on Amending Various Legislative Acts of Tomsk Oblast Due to the Abolition of Several Administrative-Territorial Units in Tomsk Oblast. Effective as of after 10 days from the day of the official publication have passed.).