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The Kohat Tunnel (Urdu: کوہاٹ سرنگ‎, Kohat Sarang) is a 1.9 kilometres (1.2 mi) highway tunnel under the Khigana Mountains between Kohat District of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Frontier Region Kohat in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas of Pakistan. The tunnel carries northbound and southbound traffic along N-55 National Highway (Indus Highway) under the Kohat Pass. The tunnel is also referred to as the Pak-Japan Friendship Tunnel, as the tunnel was constructed in assistance with the Economic Cooperation Fund of Japan.[1]

Kohat Tunnel
کوہاٹ سرنگ
Kohat tunnel - panoramio.jpg
The tunnel’s southern entrance
Overview
LocationKhyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan
Coordinates33°38′51″N 71°32′18″E / 33.64750°N 71.53833°E / 33.64750; 71.53833Coordinates: 33°38′51″N 71°32′18″E / 33.64750°N 71.53833°E / 33.64750; 71.53833
RoutePakistan N-55.svg N55 (Indus Highway)
CrossesKhigana Mountains
Operation
Work begun1999 (1999)
OpenedJune 2003 (2003-06)
Technical
Design engineerSadrul Ola Rizvi (Project Director - Indus Highway NHA)
Length1.89 kilometres (1.17 mi)
Tunnel clearance3 m
Width10.3 meters

HistoryEdit

 
Kohat Tunnel

Construction on the tunnel began in 1999, and opened to traffic in June 2003. As part of the developing Indus Highway system, the tunnel serves as a shorter, alternate route to the Kohat Pass, situated between the cities of Peshawar and Kohat. The new route decreases the time required to travel through the Kotal Pass by about 20 minutes. The main advantage of the tunnel is that long bodied vehicles can now use the Indus Highway whereas previously the hairpin bends on the Kotal Pass made it impossible for such vehicles to travel. It also helps alleviate traffic congestion, improve traffic safety and promote economic development.

The tunnel was at the center of a military confrontation between the Pakistan Army and pro-Taliban militants in early 2008. The militants had taken control of the tunnel around 24 January, after hijacking trucks carrying supplies and ammunition for security forces in South Waziristan. On 27 January, Pakistan Army brought the tunnel back under control of the security forces, after "fierce fighting" involving artillery, helicopter gunships and heavy machine guns during which 24 militants were reported to have been killed.[2][3]

Features and specificationsEdit

  • Total project cost: 662.6 million (US$4.7 million)
  • Length of north section: 7.7 kilometers
  • Length of south section: 22.20 kilometers
  • Black topped: 7.3 meters
  • Shoulders: 3.0 meters

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Construction of Kohat tunnel". www.pakistaneconomist.com.
  2. ^ Pak army kills 25 pro-taliban militants, recaptures tunnel-Pakistan-World-The Times of India
  3. ^ "AFP: Pakistan troops pound militants holding key tunnel: officials".