Kiyā Buzurg-Ummīd (Persian: کیا بزرگ امید) (died 1138) was a dāʿī and the second ruler (da'i) of the Nizari Isma'ili State, ruling Alamut Castle from 1124 to 1138 CE (or 518—532 AH). He was of Daylami origin from the region of Rudbar.
|Died||9 February 1138|
|Children||Muhammad ibn Kiya Buzurg Ummid|
|Jurisprudence||Nizari Ismaili Shi'ism|
|Main interest(s)||Islamic theology, Islamic jurisprudence|
|Notable idea(s)||Evolution, Oneness of God|
As the ruler of AlamutEdit
On 25 Rabīʿ II 518 (11 June 1124), a day before death of Ḥassan-i Ṣabbaḥ, Ḥassan appointed him his successor. He generally followed the policies of Ḥassan-i Ṣabbaḥ and enforced the Sharia strictly. In his early reign the Isma'ili hold was expanded in particular in Eshkevar and Taleghan.
As opposed to Hassan Sabbah, who is depicted as a revolutionary leader, the Ismaili sources depict Buzurg-Ummid as an administrator and a chivalrous lord (e.g. the story of him protecting his old enemy, emir Yaran-Qush Bazdar of Qazvin and his followers, who had fled to Alamut).
Another change in the Nizari government during his rule was the decrease in the number of assassinations; the list include the Abbasid caliph Al-Mustarshid, a prefect of Isfahan, a governor of Maragha, a prefect of Tabriz, and a mufti of Qazvin.
The text of a bedtime prayer, titled "Prayer in Bedtime" (دعا در هنگام خواب du'ā dar hingām-i khwāb) in Persian attributed to Kiya Buzurg Ummid, is preserved in a manuscript of the Institute of Ismaili Studies in London.
- Daftary, Farhad (1992). The Isma'ilis: Their History and Doctrines. Cambridge University Press. p. 383. ISBN 978-0-521-42974-0.
- BOZORG-OMĪD, KĪĀ
- "Castle of Lamasar". Institute of Ismaili Studies. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
- Lewis, Bernard (2011). The Assassins: A Radical Sect in Islam. Orion. ISBN 978-0-297-86333-5.
- "نسخ خطی عربی اسماعيلی و غيره: فهرستی توصيفی از نسخ خطی مؤسسهی مطالعات اسماعيلی". Archived from the original on 2013-06-13. Retrieved 2013-07-19.
1st Commander of Alamut Castle
(1st Nizārī Ismā'īlī Da'i at Alamūt)
| Kiyā Buzurg-Ummīd
2nd Commander of Alamut Castle
(2nd Nizārī Ismā'īlī Da'i at Alamūt)
Muḥammad ibn Kiyā Buzurg-Ummīd
3rd Commander of Alamut Castle
(3rd Nizārī Ismā'īlī Da'i at Alamūt)
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