Open main menu

The Monarchy of Iceland (Icelandic: Konungsríkið Ísland; Danish: Kongeriget Island), was the system of government in which an hereditary monarch was the sovereign of the Kingdom of Iceland from 1918 to 1944. Under a personal union, due to the Act of Union, the monarch was simultaneously monarch of Denmark.[1] The Parliament of Iceland asked that Denmark represent Iceland internationally, and day-to-day matters were delegated to a Danish plenipotentiary for Icelandic affairs based in Reykjavík, and – after the German invasion of Denmark in 1940 – a regent was appointed.[1]

Monarchy of Iceland
Kingdom of Iceland Coat of Arms.svg
Kong Christian 10.jpg
Kristján X
StyleHis Majesty
First monarchKristján X
Last monarchKristján X
Formation1 December 1918
Abolition17 June 1944
ResidenceChristiansborg Palace

The monarchy lasted until 17 June 1944, when a national referendum established a constitutional republic in its place.[2]


The monarchy of Iceland was created by the Act of Union of 1918 which transformed the former Danish overseas possession of Iceland into an independent sovereign constitutional monarchy. Iceland adopted a new constitution following the referendum in 1944 which abolished the monarchy.[1] Although many Danes felt offended that Iceland should take such a step at that time (Denmark at that point was still under Military occupation by Germany), Kristján X sent a message of congratulations to the Icelandic people.

Titles of the CrownEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Halfdanarson, Gudmundur Halfdanarson (2010). The A to Z of Iceland. Scarecrow Press. pp. 23–25. ISBN 0810872080.
  2. ^ Van Cleaf, Kristin Van Cleaf (2007). Iceland. ABDO. p. 7. ISBN 1599287846.