King's House on Schachen

The King's House on Schachen (German: Königshaus am Schachen) is a small villa (Schlösschen) at Schachen, Wetterstein Formation, about 10 km south of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria, Germany, built by Ludwig II of Bavaria. The castle was constructed between 1869 and 1872.[1]

King's House on Schachen
Königshaus am Schachen 2004.jpg
View of the King's House
General information
TypeHunting lodge
Architectural styleTimber framed
Coordinates47°25′10.91″N 11°6′45.31″E / 47.4196972°N 11.1125861°E / 47.4196972; 11.1125861Coordinates: 47°25′10.91″N 11°6′45.31″E / 47.4196972°N 11.1125861°E / 47.4196972; 11.1125861
Completed1869 - 1872 (1869 - 1872)
Technical details
Floor count2
Design and construction
ArchitectGeorg von Dollmann


The King's House on Schachen is located at Schachen, Wetterstein Formation, about 10 km south of Garmisch-Partenkirchen, Bavaria. It can only be reached via a 10 km forest road, on a three-hour hike, ascending 1000m either from Schloss Elmau or Garmisch-Partenkirchen, which provides a view of Zugspitze amongst others.[2]


View from the other side

The King's House on Schachen was built between 1869-1872 for Ludwig II of Bavaria and designed by architect Georg von Dollmann. It is often described as a hunting lodge, though Ludwig never used it for this purpose, instead utilizing it for birthday and anniversary celebrations.[3] The building is the least-known of the palaces built by Ludwig.[4] One room known as the "Turkish Room" occupies the entire upper-floor of the castle, and is elaborately decorated in an Oriental fashion.[5] The extravagant upstairs interior stands in stark contrast to the exterior and ground floor, which are rather modest.[6]

Alpengarten auf dem SchachenEdit

Adjacent to the house itself is the Alpengarten auf dem Schachen on about one hectare, an alpine botanical garden at about 2000m altitude, which contains over 1,000 plant species from the Alps to the Himalayas. It is maintained by the Botanischer Garten München-Nymphenburg, open during the summer months daily from 8 am to 5 pm, admission cost 2.50 euros as of 2018. Although the Wetterstein Mountains are primarily limestone, the limestone and dolomite weather differently: dolomite decomposes into a shard and splinter debris on which some plants thrive particularly well. Lime weathers chemically, calcifications arise, in which water quickly seeps away. On the other hand, the sandstone provides for loamy and low-limestone soils that hold water well.[7]

Altogether 42 plant beds are assigned to different geographical regions, the flora of the Bavarian forest, the Alps, Carpathians, Patagonia, the Rocky Mountains - and the Himalayas.[7]


  1. ^ Alle bayerischen Museen auf einen Blick, archived from the original on 2011-07-16, retrieved 2007-10-29
  2. ^ Tourismus und Wirtshaftsinformationen, archived from the original on 2007-02-11, retrieved 2007-10-29
  3. ^ Wanderung in GAP - Königshaus am Schachen, retrieved 2007-10-29
  4. ^ Schulte-Peevers, Andrea (2002), Bavaria, Lonely Planet, p. 273, ISBN 1-74059-013-9
  5. ^ Königshaus am Schachen, retrieved 2007-10-29
  6. ^ Das Schachenschloß - Königshaus am Schachen, archived from the original on 2008-02-13, retrieved 2007-10-29
  7. ^ a b "Tour zum Alpengarten auf den Schachen". GartenNatur (in German). 2018-07-05. Retrieved 2020-09-14.

External linksEdit