Kilmacrenan (Irish: Cill Mhic Réanáin), sometimes spelled Kilmacrennan, is a barony in County Donegal, Ireland.[1][2][3] Baronies were mainly cadastral rather than administrative units, which acquired modest local taxation and spending functions in the 19th century before being superseded by higher units under the Local Government (Ireland) Act 1898.[4] Kilmacrenan is the largest barony in Ireland by land area.

Cill Mhic Réanáin (Irish)
Barony map of County Donegal, 1900; Kilmacrenan is in the north, coloured peach.
Barony map of County Donegal, 1900; Kilmacrenan is in the north, coloured peach.
Kilmacrenan is located in Ireland
Coordinates: 55°5′N 7°45′W / 55.083°N 7.750°W / 55.083; -7.750
Sovereign stateIreland
 • Total1,264 km2 (488 sq mi)

Etymology edit

Kilmacrenan takes its name from Kilmacrenan village, in Irish Cill Mhic Réanáin or 'Cill Mhic nÉanáin, "church of the sons of Eanan."[5][6]

Geography edit

Kilmacrenan is located in the north of County Donegal, to the west and north of Lough Swilly and the River Swilly. With an area of 312,410 acres, it is the largest barony in Ireland.[7]

History edit

Kilmacrenan was the ancient territory of the O'Donnell kings of Tyrconnell, O'Breislein (O'Breslin), Mac Sweeneys, O'Begley, O'Friel,[8] O'Kernaghan of Clondavaddog, McCoyle of Mevagh, O'Toner of Tullyfern and O'Laherty (Laverty). Clann Chinnfhaelaidh is in the eastern portion of the barony.[9] The barony of Kilmacrenan was founded by 1672.[10][11]

List of settlements edit

Below is a list of settlements in Kilmacrenan barony:

References edit

  1. ^ Kinahan, G. H. (1889). "Additional List of Megalithic and Other Ancient Structures, Barony of Kilmacrenan, County Donegal". The Journal of the Royal Historical and Archaeological Association of Ireland. 9 (81): 277–286. JSTOR 25506558 – via JSTOR.
  2. ^ "Donegal Baronies - Topographical Dictionary of Ireland (1837)".
  3. ^ "Outrages, Barony of Kilmacrenan, Co Donegal".
  4. ^ General Register Office of Ireland (1904). "Alphabetical index to the baronies of Ireland". Census of Ireland 1901: General topographical index. Command papers. Vol. Cd. 2071. HMSO. pp. 966–978.
  5. ^ "St Columbas RC Church, Kilmacrenan © sarah gallagher :: Geograph Britain and Ireland".
  6. ^ "Journal of the Clan Campbell Society (United States of America)". The Society. 30 March 1984 – via Google Books.
  7. ^ "Townlands in Co. Donegal".
  8. ^ Hanna, Sam (6 December 2018). The Farrells of Donegal: And Associated Families. WestBow Press. ISBN 9781973639176 – via Google Books.
  9. ^ "The Baronies of Ireland - History".
  10. ^ Parliament, Great Britain (30 March 1885). "The Parliamentary Debates (Authorized Edition)". Wyman – via Google Books.
  11. ^ Moody, T. W.; Martin, F. X.; Byrne, F. J. (12 March 2009). A New History of Ireland: Volume III: Early Modern Ireland 1534-1691: Early Modern Ireland 1534-1691. OUP Oxford. ISBN 9780191623356 – via Google Books.